Active transportation refers to modes of travel that incorporate physical activity as part of the trip. Examples include walking and bicycling, as well as transit, since walking or bicycling is typically required for transit station access and egress. The Nashville Area Metropolitan Planning Organization has recently restructured its regional transportation policies and programming priorities as part of the development of the 2035 Regional Transportation Plan to enable more active transportation by encouraging the implementation of infrastructure such as sidewalks, bikeways, and transit. The result is a significant increase in the number of federally-funded transportation projects in the greater Nashville region that provide opportunities for active transportation trips.
Michael Skipper and Leslie A. Meehan
Mike B. Gross, Andrew T. Wolanin, Rachel A. Pess and Eugene S. Hong
Kristiann C. Heesch, Jannique van Uffelen and Wendy J. Brown
The aim of this study was to examine older adults’ understanding and interpretation of a validated questionnaire for physical activity surveillance, the Active Australia Survey (AAS). To address this aim, cognitive interviewing techniques were used during face-to-face semistructured interviews with 44 adults age 65–89 years. Qualitative data analysis revealed that participants were confused with questionnaire phrasing, misunderstood the scope of activities to include in answers, and misunderstood the time frame of activities to report. They also struggled to accurately estimate the frequency and duration of their activities. Our findings suggest that AAS questions may be interpreted differently by older adults than intended by survey developers. Findings also suggest that older adults use a range of methods for calculating PA frequency and duration. The issues revealed in this study may be useful for adapting AAS for use in older community-dwelling adults.
Phillip D. Tomporowski and Michel Audiffren
Thirty-one young (mean age = 20.8 years) and 30 older (mean age = 71.5 years) men and women categorized as physically active (n = 30) or inactive (n = 31) performed an executive processing task while standing, treadmill walking at a preferred pace, and treadmill walking at a faster pace. Dual-task interference was predicted to negatively impact older adults’ cognitive flexibility as measured by an auditory switch task more than younger adults; further, participants’ level of physical activity was predicted to mitigate the relation. For older adults, treadmill walking was accompanied by significantly more rapid response times and reductions in local- and mixed-switch costs. A speed-accuracy tradeoff was observed in which response errors increased linearly as walking speed increased, suggesting that locomotion under dual-task conditions degrades the quality of older adults’ cognitive flexibility. Participants’ level of physical activity did not influence cognitive test performance.
Job Fransen, Adam Baxter-Jones and Stephen Woodcock
Leighton Jones, Jasmin C. Hutchinson and Elizabeth M. Mullin
respond more favorably during physical exercise appears warranted and could help to understand the drivers behind the relationships between personality traits and physical activity behavior. Sensation seeking has been proposed as a distinct trait and has been linked to high-risk sport participation (e
Robin S. Vealey, Nick Galli and Robert J. Harmison
members of the Certification Council charged with developing and overseeing the CMPC certification program, we were pleased to see their article establish a forum of discussion about the revised program. The purpose of this article is to continue that public discussion by responding to Scherzer and Reel
Marlene A. Dixon and Per G. Svensson
, Raynard, Kodeih, Micelotta, & Lounsbury, 2011 ). Examining how a nascent SDP organization responds to institutional complexity is essential to advancing SDP theory and practice. The case organization presented in this study responded to this complexity through a process of organizational hybridity, much
Michael A. Odio, Patty Raube Keller and Dana Drew Shaw
identified through the authors’ extended network as people with extensive experience and insight on Title IX from different perspectives (i.e., administration, litigation, consultation, and activism). All three interviewees were asked to respond to a series of questions under two broad categories aligned
Amanda Timler, Fleur McIntyre and Beth Hands
motor tasks and functional activities of daily living and was informed by the DSM-V criteria for Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD; American Psychiatric Association, 2013 ). Participants respond on a four-point Likert scale of never (1), sometimes (2), frequently (3), and always (4). The