Laurel A. Borowski and Heather R. Bowles
James F. Sallis, Jacqueline Kerr, Jordan A. Carlson, Gregory J. Norman, Brian E. Saelens, Nefertiti Durant and Barbara E. Ainsworth
Neighborhood environment attributes of walkability and access to recreation facilities have been related to physical activity and weight status, but most self-report environment measures are lengthy. The 17-item PANES (Physical Activity Neighborhood Environment Scale) was developed to be comprehensive but brief enough for use in multipurpose surveys. The current study evaluated test-retest and alternate-form reliability of PANES items compared with multi-item subscales from the longer NEWS-A (Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale—Abbreviated).
Participants were 291 adults recruited from neighborhoods that varied in walkability in 3 US cities. Surveys were completed twice with a 27-day interval.
Test-retest ICCs for PANES items ranged from .52 to .88. Spearman correlations for the PANES single item vs NEWS-A subscale comparisons ranged from .27 to .81 (all P < .01).
PANES items related to land use mix, residential density, pedestrian infrastructure, aesthetic qualities, and safety from traffic and crime were supported by correlations with NEWS-A subscales. Access to recreation facilities and street connectivity items were not supported. The brevity of PANES allows items to be included in studies or surveillance systems to expand knowledge about neighborhood environments.
Jaclyn Megan Sions, Elisa Sarah Arch and John Robert Horne
prosthetic componentry. There is no criterion reference for assessing physical activity; therefore, clinicians may opt to use self-report measures or step activity monitors to determine physical activity levels. According to a 2008 systematic review by Prince et al, 20 patients often overestimate or
Maria-Christina Kosteli, Jennifer Cumming and Sarah E. Williams
results, as they might be more relevant to middle-aged adults than older adults. Second, PA was assessed using the IPAQ, which although it is a valid self-report measure of PA, it has been suggested that it might over or underestimate PA levels ( Lee, Macfarlane, Lam, & Stewart, 2011 ; Sallis & Saelens
Erika D. Van Dyke, Aaron Metzger and Sam J. Zizzi
relationships to performance. Self-report measures were used to assess individual experiences of mindfulness and perfectionism among the gymnasts. When self-report measures are involved, there is a potential for bias. The potential for social desirability bias in the reported experiences may be especially
Christopher Kuenze, Lisa Cadmus-Bertram, Karin Pfieffer, Stephanie Trigsted, Dane Cook, Caroline Lisee and David Bell
of physical activity or sport engagement among individuals with ACLR that is consistent with more objective measures such as accelerometry. Without a more detailed understanding of physical activity reduction following ACLR as well as the ability of available self-reported measures to detect this
Heontae Kim and Minsoo Kang
, energy expenditure or postural classification devices) and self-report measures (eg, questionnaires). Device-based measures are popular due to their relatively high reliability and validity for sedentary behavior estimates in free-living settings compared with self-report measures. 14 , 15 However, device
Nancy W. Glynn, Alexa J. Meinhardt, Kelsea R. LaSorda, Jessica L. Graves, Theresa Gmelin, Allison M. Gerger, Paolo Caserotti and Robert M. Boudreau
strong objective measure to compare against self-reported measurements of physical activity ( Kowalski et al., 2012 ). Thus, the purpose of this study was to compare two frequently used self-report measures of physical activity (PASE and CHAMPS) against the SWA in order to identify a recommended self
Laura K. Fewell, Riley Nickols, Amanda Schlitzer Tierney and Cheri A. Levinson
study. Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II; Beck et al., 1996 ) is a 21-item self-report measure assessing the severity of depression and was used in the current study to measure depression. The BDI-II has demonstrated high internal consistency and concurrent validity ( Storch, Roberti, & Roth, 2004
Mark A. Tully, Ilona I. McMullan, Nicole E. Blackburn, Jason J. Wilson, Laura Coll-Planas, Manuela Deidda, Paolo Caserotti, Dietrich Rothenbacher and on behalf of the SITLESS group
intensity required to elicit associated benefits, is growing ( Doherty et al., 2017 : U.K. Biobank study; n = 106,053 participants), but self-reported measures are still more widely used ( Pels & Kleinert, 2016 ). Also, the studies that have included an objective measure of PA include PA as a secondary