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Robert Weinberg

that although negative self-talk was related to poorer performance for European Americans, it was related to better performance for East Asians. It has been argued that there are fewer negative consequences of self-criticism for individuals from collectivist cultural backgrounds (e.g., East Asians

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Denise M. Hill, Matthew Cheesbrough, Paul Gorczynski and Nic Matthews

appeared that in each of the four cases, the negative affect was sustained through rumination and self-criticism: “I kept thinking, ‘You prat why did you do that?’ . . . All the things I’ve practiced . . . all the things I’ve been taught, and I couldn’t do it when it mattered.’ I was furious with myself

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Amber D. Mosewich, Catherine M. Sabiston, Kent C. Kowalski, Patrick Gaudreau and Peter R.E. Crocker

Women athletes encounter many potentially stressful situations in competitive sport, such as body dissatisfaction, injury, bullying, eating disorders, coach conflicts, poor performance and performance plateau, self-criticism, and social comparisons, that are often accompanied by negative self

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Stephen Pack, Monna Arvinen-Barrow, Stacy Winter and Brian Hemmings

.g., “excessive self-criticism” and “temporary setbacks”), and regain a more helpful perspective (or “remoralization” as opposed to demoralization; Frank, 1973 ). In addition to benefitting clients, it also seemed that humor afforded a “lighter” approach for the participants, some of whom described their experiences

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Megan S. Patterson and Patricia Goodson

, Meyer C . Perfectionism and compulsive exercise among female exercisers: high personal standards or self-criticism? Pers Individ Dif . 2010 ; 49 : 3 – 7 . doi:10.1016/j.paid.2010.02.024 10.1016/j.paid.2010.02.024 80. Taranis L , Meyer C . Associations between specific components of

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Tracy C. Donachie, Andrew P. Hill and Daniel J. Madigan

of self-punishment, self-belittlement, and self-criticism ( Flett, Hewitt, Nepon, & Besser, 2018 ). In accord, rather than energizing action, perfectionistic cognitions impede perceptions of coping resources and contribute to negative emotions ( Flett et al., 2018 ). Of interest to the current study

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Gert-Jan De Muynck, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Jochen Delrue, Nathalie Aelterman, Leen Haerens and Bart Soenens

, 2009 ). Whereas positive self-talk encompasses self-directed statements to generate energy, to give oneself instructions, or to build confidence, negative self-talk involves messages expressing self-criticism, worries, somatic complaints, and thoughts about disengagement. Situational factors, such as

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activity. Women had a desire to be more active but felt the workplace and workloads was generally not supportive or conducive to exercising once the working day had finished. Self-perception ranged from feelings of laziness and self-criticism to being task masters in their working roles with little space

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Esmie P. Smith, Andrew P. Hill and Howard K. Hall

Likert scale (1 =  strongly disagree to 7 =  strongly agree ). The stem was adapted to ensure that participants focussed on the statements in relation to their soccer participation (e.g., “In football…”). The SOP subscale reflects exceedingly high standards from one’s self, accompanied by harsh self-criticism