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Peter Fowler, Rob Duffield and Joanna Vaile

The current study examined the effects of short-haul air travel on competition performance and subsequent recovery. Six male professional Australian football (soccer) players were recruited to participate in the study. Data were collected from 12 matches, which included 6 home and away matches against the same 4 teams. Together with the outcome of each match, data were obtained for team technical and tactical performance indicators and individual player-movement patterns. Furthermore, sleep quantity and quality, hydration, and perceptual fatigue were measured 2 days before, the day of, and 2 days after each match. More competition points were accumulated (P > .05, d = 1.10) and fewer goals were conceded (P > .05, d = 0.93) in home than in away matches. Furthermore, more shots on goal (P > .05, d = 1.17) and corners (P > .05, d = 1.45) and fewer opposition shots on goal (P > .05, d = 1.18) and corners (P < .05, d = 2.32) occurred, alongside reduced total distance covered (P > .05, d = 1.19) and low-intensity activity (P < .05, d = 2.25) during home than during away matches. However, while oxygen saturation was significantly lower during than before and after outbound and return travel (P < .01), equivocal differences in sleep quantity and quality, hydration, and perceptual fatigue were observed before and after competition away compared with home. These results suggest that, compared with short-haul air travel, factors including situational variables, territoriality, tactics, and athlete psychological state are more important in determining match outcome. Furthermore, despite the potential for disrupted recovery patterns, return travel did not impede player recovery or perceived readiness to train.

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Aaron T. Scanlan, Robert Stanton, Charli Sargent, Cody O’Grady, Michele Lastella and Jordan L. Fox

, Lorenzo A , Ibañez S , Sampaio J . Ball possession effectiveness in men’s and women’s elite basketball according to situational variables in different game periods . J Sports Sci . 2013 ; 31 ( 14 ): 1578 – 1587 . doi:10.1080/02640414.2013.792942 10.1080/02640414.2013.792942 23679867 3. Conte

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Carolina F. Wilke, Samuel P. Wanner, Weslley H.M. Santos, Eduardo M. Penna, Guilherme P. Ramos, Fabio Y. Nakamura and Rob Duffield

settings, which reinforces the concern of whether single-session profiles (ie, faster or slower recovery) would apply in chronic monitoring programs within team sport settings. In addition to particular recovery profiles, understanding whether the situational variables (ie, load, stage of the training

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Jordan L. Fox, Robert Stanton, Charli Sargent, Cody J. O’Grady and Aaron T. Scanlan

. Redwood-Brown AJ , O’Donoghue PG , Nevil AM , Saward C , Dyer N , Sunderland C . Effects of situational variables on the physical activity profiles of elite soccer players in different score line states . Scand J Med Sci Sports . 2018 ; 28 : 2515 – 2526 . PubMed ID: 30055045 doi: 10

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Paul S. Bradley and Jack D. Ade

running with the ball in a professional soccer team . J Sports Sci. 2010 ; 28 ( 3 ): 319 – 326 . PubMed doi:10.1080/02640410903473851 10.1080/02640410903473851 50. Lago C , Casais L , Dominguez E , Sampaio J . The effects of situational variables on distance covered at various speeds in

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Mickaël Campo, Diane Mackie, Stéphane Champely, Marie-Françoise Lacassagne, Julien Pellet and Benoit Louvet

a particular game (e.g., type of opposition, game location, player status, current ranking of the club, etc.). Therefore, the present findings call for more investigation, particularly of situational variables that affect competition, to increase the ecological generalizability of our results

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Florian Müller, Jonathan F. Best and Rouwen Cañal-Bruland

placement in real-life penalty scenarios also. Finally, one may wonder how changes in situation variables might moderate processes that are important for the emergence of the reported effects. On the one hand, increases in pressure might render goalkeepers’ reputation especially salient and thus increase

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Yonghwan Chang, Yong Jae Ko and Brad D. Carlson

consumers to expend more time and cognitive resources and to retrieve more past experiences ( Chang & Ko, 2018 ), thereby making experimental stimuli related to the gift feel more important, relevant, meaningful, valuable, and beneficial ( Zaichkowsky, 1985 ). As such, situational variables could manipulate

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Valérian Cece, Noémie Lienhart, Virginie Nicaise, Emma Guillet-Descas and Guillaume Martinent

likely to change distinctively among athletes on the basis of personality dispositions and situational variables, it is quite unlikely that athletes’ sport motivation is characterized by a monotonic heterogeneity ( Hagger & Chatzisarantis, 2007 ). Hence, in a competitive context characterized by high

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Elizabeth J. Durden-Myers, Nigel R. Green and Margaret E. Whitehead

each learner as a whole person, rather than as composed of a body and a mind. The roots of the concept in existentialism should be evident in the provision of a wide range of situational variables, and the phenomenological roots need to be accommodated in the understanding that perception of any