Search Results

You are looking at 11 - 20 of 343 items for :

  • "social interaction" x
Clear All
Restricted access

Peggy Hiu Nam Choi and Siu Yin Cheung

The study aimed to investigate the impact of an 8-wk structured physical activity program on selected psychosocial behaviors of children with intellectual disabilities (ID) and to estimate whether generalization occurred. Thirty children (22 boys, 8 girls) with mild ID took part in the study. The ANCOVA results showed a significant difference between the training group and the control group in emotional self-control mean scores, F(1, 25) = 7.61, p = .011, with the posttest mean score of the training group being better than that of the control group. The correlation analysis showed a medium, positive correlation between the gain scores of emotional self-control in the training context and classroom context of the training group (r = .41, n = 16, p = .12). Hence, generalization appeared to have occurred.

Restricted access

Colin D. McLaren and Kevin S. Spink

Past research in sport has identified a relationship between communication as a social property (i.e., acceptance, distinctiveness, positive conflict, and negative conflict) and task cohesion. Operationalizing communication in this manner is viewing the construct through a social lens. Given that forming task-cohesion perceptions also might be linked to how members exchange information, examining the relationship between communication as information exchange and cohesion appears worthwhile. Results from a hierarchical regression (N = 176) revealed that team member communication as both a social property and information exchange positively predicted perceived task cohesion while controlling for team performance (Radj2=.52). Relevant to the study purpose, it was found that communication as information exchange not only contributed unique variance to task cohesion after controlling for communication as a social property and team performance, β = 0.32, sr (semipartial correlation) = .24, but also resulted in a reallocation in variance from the previously significant communication social properties predicting task cohesion.

Restricted access

Giorgos Sofianidis, Vassilia Hatzitaki, Stella Douka and Giorgos Grouios

This preliminary study examined the effect of a 10-wk traditional Greek dance program on static and dynamic balance indices in healthy elderly adults. Twenty-six community-dwelling older adults were randomly assigned to either an intervention group who took supervised Greek traditional dance classes for 10 wk (1 hr, 2 sessions/week, n = 14), or a control group (n = 12). Balance was assessed pre- and postintervention by recording the center-of-pressure (COP) variations and trunk kinematics during performance of the Sharpened-Romberg test, 1-leg (OL) stance, and dynamic weight shifting (WS). After practice, the dance group significantly decreased COP displacement and trunk sway in OL stance. A significant increase in the range of trunk rotation was noted during performance of dynamic WS in the sagittal and frontal planes. These findings support the use of traditional dance as an effective means of physical activity for improving static and dynamic balance control in the elderly.

Restricted access

Shannon Gadbois, Anne Bowker, Linda Rose-Krasnor and Leanne Findlay

frustration, anger, sadness Anything do not like Social interactions ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ Skill-related ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓   Positive emotional impact   ✓ ✓     Positive outcomes   ✓ ✓     Social interactions: Youth cited social interactions across all five developmental opportunities. For example, youth in the SSP group referred

Restricted access

Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Anthony Papathomas, Jonathan Foster, Eleanor Quested and Nikos Ntoumanis

, memory, rhythmic movement, and social interaction, all thought to be important for improving and sustaining cognitive function (e.g.,  Eggenberger, Schumacher, Angst, Theill, & de Bruin, 2015 ; Fratiglioni, Pallard-Borg, & Winblad, 2004 . To the best of our knowledge, only one RCT has explored the role

Restricted access

Shaunna M. Burke, Jennifer Brunet, Amanda Wurz, Christina Butler and Andrea Utley

’ shared experiences of well- and ill-being are presented. Three broad interconnected themes that capture a dichotomy of well- and ill-being experiences were identified: (a) cultivating feelings and emotions, (b) experiencing physical changes, and (c) encountering positive and negative social interactions

Restricted access

Christine E. Roberts, Louise H. Phillips, Clare L. Cooper, Stuart Gray and Julia L. Allan

Culture, Media and Sport, 2011 ; Fan et al., 2013 ) are examples of physical activities commonly undertaken during old age, which vary in terms of their mental (e.g., memory, attention), physical (e.g., balance, coordination), and social (e.g., level of social interaction required) demands. Golf involves

Restricted access

Laura J. McGowan, Rachael Powell and David P. French

-evaluations appeared to play a role in individuals’ perceived physical limitations. Enjoyment, particularly enjoyment of social interaction, was discussed as a key motivation for older adults to engage in nonsedentary activities, and participants suggested that activities should have a purpose beyond that of just

Restricted access

Simona Bar-Haim, Ronit Aviram, Anat Shkedy Rabani, Akram Amro, Ibtisam Nammourah, Muhammed Al-Jarrah, Yoav Raanan, Jack A. Loeppky and Netta Harries

-perceived competence, social interaction skills, disability awareness and attitude, and motivation barriers. These include family activity orientation, social supports, accessibility and reliability of transportation, program costs, and information access ( 24 , 35 ), which were not considered in this study. As

Restricted access

Nicola Brown and Yasmin Bowmer

expenditure, physical exertion, family discouragement) and 29 benefit statements (e.g., ‘Exercise increased my stamina’) categorized into five subscales (life enhancement, physical performance, psychological outlook, social interaction and preventive health). A four-point Likert scale (ranging from 1