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Amador García-Ramos, Guy Gregory Haff, Francisco Luis Pestaña-Melero, Alejandro Pérez-Castilla, Francisco Javier Rojas, Carlos Balsalobre-Fernández and Slobodan Jaric

The 1-repetition maximum (1RM) is defined as the maximum load that can be lifted just once in a given exercise. 1 The 1RM is one of the variables most commonly reported to assess the efficacy of various training and rehabilitation interventions as it is considered a valid indicator of maximal

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David M. Williams, Jyoti Savla, Brenda M. Davy, Sarah A. Kelleher, Elaina L. Marinik and Richard A. Winett

The purpose of the present research was to develop questionnaires to assess outcome expectancy for resistance training (RT), behavioral expectation in the context of perceived barriers to RT, and self-regulation strategies for RT among young-old adults (50-69 years). Measurement development included (a) item generation through elicitation interviews (N = 14) and open-ended questionnaires (N = 56), (b) expert feedback on a preliminary draft of the questionnaires (N = 4), and (c) a quantitative longitudinal study for item-reduction and psychometric analyses (N = 94). Elicitation procedures, expert feedback, and item reduction yielded four questionnaires with a total of 33 items. Positive outcome expectancy (α = .809), negative outcome expectancy (α = .729), behavioral expectation (α = .925), and self-regulation (α = .761) had—with one exception—moderate bivariate associations with two different indicators of self-reported RT behavior at one-month follow-up (r = .298 to .506). The present research provides preliminary support for newly developed questionnaires to facilitate understanding of the psychosocial determinants of RT among young-old adults.

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Zachary Zenko and Panteleimon Ekkekakis

investigating the comparative validity of measures of automatic associations. Measurement as a Persistent Challenge in the Study of Automatic Associations Compared with explicit constructs, implicit processes are greatly understudied and remain poorly understood. Before exercise-specific dual-process theories

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Paul M. Wright, K. Andrew R. Richards, Jennifer M. Jacobs and Michael A. Hemphill

participants’ cognitive and motivational processes. The dearth of valid measures to assess transfer of responsibility learning in physical education or TPSR programs constitutes a gap in the literature ( Jacobs & Wright, 2017 ). The desire to see learning transfer is certainly not restricted to physical

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Farzad Mohammadi, Abbas Bahram, Hasan Khalaji, Dale A. Ulrich and Farhad Ghadiri

. Validity is considered as one of the psychometric properties emphasized by researchers in order to evaluate the accuracy and significance of the obtained test scores. The measure expresses the extent of accuracy to which the test material can evaluate the constructs, properties, roles or abilities for

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Alan K. Bourke, Espen A. F. Ihlen and Jorunn L. Helbostad

criterion validation of the activPAL3 has been performed. Previously, Sellers, Dall, Grant, and Stansfield ( 2016b ) examined the validity and reliability for activity classification and step detection in a population of eight young and 20 adult participants. Participants performed a scripted routine and a

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Grant R. Tomkinson, Justin J. Lang, Joel Blanchard, Luc A. Léger and Mark S. Tremblay

stage, the required running speed increases, until the child can no longer run the 20-m distance in time with the audio signal (on 2 consecutive occasions) or when the child stops due to volitional fatigue. The test has moderate criterion validity against gas-analyzed peak V ˙ O 2 (mL/kg/min) (see

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Kornelius Kraus, Elisabeth Kraus, Boris Gojanovic and Francois Fourchet

Key Points ▸ The reliability of manual goniometry is highly dependent on the examiner. ▸ The concurrent validity of the inertial goniometer was very high compared to a 2D analysis. ▸ The ease of use, time efficiency, and concurrent validity supports the application of inertial goniometry. Range of

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Robert W. Cox, Rodrigo E. Martinez, Russell T. Baker and Lindsay Warren

measuring ankle plantar flexion. The purpose of this study was 2-fold: (1) to assess the validity of the Clinometer Smartphone Application™ for use in the ankle (ie, plantar flexion) and (2) to assess the validity of the inclinometer procedures used to measure ankle plantar flexion. Methods A blinded

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Ariane L. Bedimo-Rung, Jeanette Gustat, Bradley J. Tompkins, Janet Rice and Jessica Thomson

Background:

The study’s purpose is to describe the development and evaluate the reliability (inter-observer agreement) and validity (rater agreement with a gold standard) of a direct observation instrument to assess park characteristics that may be related to physical activity.

Methods:

A direct observation instrument of 181 items was developed based on a conceptual model consisting of the following domains: features, condition, access, esthetics, and safety. Fifteen pairs of observers were trained and sent to two parks simultaneously to assess two Target Areas each.

Results:

Overall domain reliability was 86.9%, and overall geographic area reliability was 87.5%. Overall domain validity was 78.7% and overall geographic area validity was 81.5%.

Conclusions:

Inter-rater reliability and validity were generally good, although validity was slightly lower than reliability. Objective items showed the highest reliability and validity. Items that are time-sensitive may need to be measured on multiple occasions, while items asking for subjective responses may require more supervised practice.