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Trisha Patel and Neeru Jayanthi

; Jayanthi et al., 2013 ). Estimates currently attribute 45.9% to 54% of injuries sustained in youth sports are described as overuse ( DiFiori et al., 2014 ). Overall, the increased risk for overuse injury is most evident in one study of nearly 1200 young athletes who have a higher degree of specialization

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Chris G. Harwood and Sam N. Thrower

-standing tendency to focus research efforts on studying elite, adult, or intercollegiate athletes ( Tremayne & Newbery, 2005 ), Vealey suggested that young athletes are More ripe for PST intervention than older athletes who have already internalized dysfunctional responses to competition. Thus, PST with younger

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Adam D.G. Baxter-Jones

-level competition are likely to have undergone several years of intensive training. Interest in the effect that intensive training at an early age has on a child’s growth and development has a long history ( Malina et al., 2013 ). This interest highlights the “catch them young” philosophy ( Rowley, 1986 ), the

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Markus Gerber, Simon Best, Fabienne Meerstetter, Sandrine Isoard-Gautheur, Henrik Gustafsson, Renzo Bianchi, Daniel J. Madigan, Flora Colledge, Sebastian Ludyga, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler and Serge Brand

, & Fletcher, 2009 ). This also applies to junior elite sport, as young elite athletes may encounter issues related to being an adolescent (e.g., increasing responsibility and social pressures), being a student (e.g., increasing school demands), and being an athlete (e.g., increasing training loads

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Deirdre Dlugonski, Katrina Drowatzky DuBose and Patrick Rider

Physical activity has well-documented health benefits across the lifespan from young childhood 1 through adulthood. 2 To achieve these benefits, a consensus of several sets of guidelines indicates that young children (aged 2–5 y) should engage in at least 180 minutes of light, moderate, or

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Nicola Brown and Yasmin Bowmer

field. For example, only Caucasian, college students were involved in this study, thus not representing the general population. Relatedly, a review by Allender, Cowburn, and Foster ( 2006 ) suggests that weight management and body shape concerns are the highest motivators to PA in young women, and a

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Daniel Leightley, Moi Hoon Yap, Jessica Coulson, Mathew Piasecki, James Cameron, Yoann Barnouin, Jon Tobias and Jamie S. McPhee

young, older, and master athlete runners. Methods Participants and Ethical Approval The local research ethics committee at Manchester Metropolitan University approved the study and all participants provided written, informed consent. The young men and women were recruited from amongst the university

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Asunción Ferri-Morales, Marcus Vinicius Nascimento-Ferreira, Dimitris Vlachopoulos, Esther Ubago-Guisado, Ana Torres-Costoso, Augusto Cesar F. De Moraes, Alan R. Barker, Luis A. Moreno, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaino and Luis Gracia-Marco

Adolescence is characterized by rapid changes in body composition, which is attributed to the influence of a number of modifiable lifestyle factors including physical activity, diet, and sports participation ( 30 ). The assessment of body composition in young athletes, and more specifically the

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Samuel W. Logan, Christina M. Hospodar, Kathleen R. Bogart, Michele A. Catena, Heather A. Feldner, Jenna Fitzgerald, Sarah Schaffer, Bethany Sloane, Benjamin Phelps, Joshua Phelps and William D. Smart

More than 30 years of research has demonstrated that young children with disabilities who use powered mobility devices for self-directed mobility experience developmental gains such as increased self-initiated social interactions and social skills, increased exploration of the environment, and

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Jonathan S. Goodwin, Robert A. Creighton, Brian G. Pietrosimone, Jeffery T. Spang and J. Troy Blackburn

effective in younger individuals who more commonly experience traumatic cartilage injuries as a consequence of greater physical activity exposure and sport participation. Gait biomechanics in healthy, young adults are likely a better representation of individuals who sustain traumatic cartilage injuries but