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Liezel Hurter, Anna M. Cooper-Ryan, Zoe R. Knowles, Lorna A. Porcellato, Stuart J. Fairclough and Lynne M. Boddy

researchers with rich, contextual information. A discrete case study demonstrating this type of data from the app, adding context to sedentary time according to the accelerometer, is presented below. Case Study 1: Participant 7 (Girl, P7) On a Saturday evening at 20:12, P7 answered the question “Can you tell

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Trent Stellingwerff, James P. Morton and Louise M. Burke

short- and long-term issues of training adaptation, health, and performance ( Heydenreich et al., 2017 ; Stellingwerff, 2018 ). A case study of a 9-year history of body composition management of an elite female middle-distance runner ( Stellingwerff, 2018 ) illustrates the gradual progression to

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Roberto Baldassarre, Marco Bonifazi, Paola Zamparo and Maria Francesca Piacentini

) showed an overall significant increase in fatigue and decrease in tension after the race. 36 One recent case study has analyzed the effect of ultraendurance distance swimming (78.1 km solo) on rating of perceived exertion (RPE) and changes in POMS. 3 In this case, POMS showed a tremendous increase in

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Graeme L. Close, Craig Sale, Keith Baar and Stephane Bermon

, additional protein intake will not prevent muscle injury or reduce postexercise muscle soreness. However, to date, this hypothesis has not been fully explored in elite athletes following a true injury and, therefore, case study data may help to provide further insights. Although additional protein may not

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Amelia J. Carr, Laura A. Garvican-Lewis, Brent S. Vallance, Andrew P. Drake, Philo U. Saunders, Clare E. Humberstone and Christopher J. Gore

lower self-selected training speeds, 2 and potentially decreased competition performance. 31 However, a recent case study reported that 2 Olympic gold-medal winning endurance athletes were able to train at a high percentage of their race pace during NAT at 2090 m, and that training intensities were

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Carlo Capelli

, Dhonneur G , Mille-Hamard L , et al . Case studies in physiology: maximal oxygen consumption and performance in a centenarian cyclist . J Appl Physiol . 2017 ; 122 : 430 – 434 . PubMed doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.00569.2016 10.1152/japplphysiol.00569.2016 12. Scott JS , Crouse SF . Endurance

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Gareth N. Sandford, Simon Pearson, Sian V. Allen, Rita M. Malcata, Andrew E. Kilding, Angus Ross and Paul B. Laursen

doi:10.1080/02640414.2012.701759 10.1080/02640414.2012.701759 22738897 4. Renfree A , Mytton GJ , Skorski S , Clair Gibson AS . Tactical considerations in the middle-distance running events at the 2012 Olympic Games: a case study . Int J Sports Physiol Perform . 2014 ; 9 ( 2 ): 362 – 364

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Margo L. Mountjoy, Louise M. Burke, Trent Stellingwerff and Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen

. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 1 – 24 . doi:10.1123/ijsnem.2017-0327 Stellingwerff , T. ( 2018 ). Case Study: Body composition periodization in an Olympic-level female middle distance runner over a 9-year career . International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise

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Oliver C. Witard, Ina Garthe and Stuart M. Phillips

this observation, a recent case study in an elite female endurance athlete demonstrated an increase in LBM when protein intake was increased to 2.6 g·kg BM −1 ·day −1 during ∼2 weeks of reduced energy availability ( Haakonssen et al., 2013 ). Taken together, in terms of practical implications, these

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Jan G. Bourgois, Gil Bourgois and Jan Boone

, is not available. Second, it should be noted that, although experimental research on TID in sedentary, recreational, and even competitive athletes is valuable, a direct transfer of the results to elite athletes is too simplistic. Proper case studies provide relevant information and are a great