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Richard D. Ginsburg, Steven R. Smith, Nicole Danforth, T. Atilla Ceranoglu, Stephen A. Durant, Hayley Kamin, Rebecca Babcock, Lucy Robin and Bruce Masek

Two developmental pathways to sport excellence have been described: early specialization and early sampling (Côté, Lidor, & Hackfort, 2009). Despite a common assumption that early specialization (defined as playing one sport exclusively and intensely before age 12) is a necessary precursor to success at the collegiate or professional levels, research to support this assumption remains unclear. To add to this literature, the current study was a survey of 708 minor league professional baseball players on the ages at which they began to specialize in their sport. Results indicated that most players sampled a diversity of sports up through late adolescence. Only 25% of players specialized before the age of 12 and the mean age of specialization was 15 years. Furthermore, those who specialized later were more likely to receive college scholarships. Finally, we examined patterns of specialization as a function of athletes’ home climate and culture. At least in this sample of professional minor league baseball players, an early sampling pathway seems to have fortified success at both the collegiate and professional levels.

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Lauren E. Brown

organizing and delegating, organizational culture and diversity, and human resources. Part IV (Chapters 8–12), “Leading,” examines organizational behavior, team development, communication, motivation, and leadership. Part V (Chapters 13 and 14), “Controlling,” addresses organizational controls along with

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Jonathan Robertson, Ryan Storr, Andrew Bakos and Danny O’Brien

organizations engage with LGBT diversity within Australia. Recently, efforts have been made to understand how community sport organizations are responding to increased diversity more broadly ( Spaaij et al., 2016 ), but inclusion on the basis of sexuality has often been absent from such conversations. Cricket

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Jason R. Carter and Nancy Williams

, resources, and support systems. The authors include astute analyses and recommendations on how to consider these strategies in the context of diversity and inclusion, with particular attention to the importance of a diverse candidate pool and successful recruitment of these candidates. Finally, an essay by

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Jennifer E. McGarry

questioning. But I tend to wade in, not dive in. I build relationships, lead people to consensus. So how to address a room of people in a diversity of roles and positions in colleges, universities, and industries, representing so many different subfields within, and approaches to, sport management. This is a

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Melissa James

) Communicating Sport, (II) Audience and Diversity, (III) Markets and Sport as a Commodity, (IV) Special Issues in Sport Communication, and (V) Measurement and Research in Sport. Chapter 1, Studying Communication and Sport, stands alone as an introduction to the book’s concepts of international sport communication

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Alex C. Gang

and present state of sport business in the country, as well as its socioeconomic and political dynamics. Taking the diversity between the introduced countries into account, the final chapter provides comparative analyses of the countries under the criteria of developmental characteristics and

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Barry Braun, Nancy I. Williams, Carol Ewing Garber and Matthew Hickey

• Critical thinking • Communication • Diversity • Academic and professional integrity Michigan State University • Analytical thinking • Cultural understanding • Effective citizenship • Effective communication • Integrated reasoning Oklahoma State University • Critical thinking • Effective communication

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Katie Lebel

from an overarching lack of diversity in the sport industry. The majority of sport media is created by and catered to men and avid sport fans. When you don’t identify as either of these, it’s easy to feel like you’re on the outside looking in. This was our inspiration to launch The GIST. We wanted to

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Annemarie Farrell

. A key strength of Critical Issues in Global Sport Management , edited by Nico Schulenkorf and Stephen Frawley, is the diversity of authors contributing to this product. Any book addressing global perspectives naturally would seek a plurality of voices from around the world. While this may seem