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Aaron Derouin and Jim R. Potvin

thigh in the sagittal plane. A cluster of 4 markers was placed over the lateral thigh and lower leg, 25 respectively, while pelvis sagittal plane orientation was defined by a pelvic fin 26 with 3 markers. The markers were digitized using the Ariel Video Analysis system (Ariel Performance Analysis

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Neal R. Glaviano, Ashley N. Marshall, L. Colby Mangum, Joseph M. Hart, Jay Hertel, Shawn Russell and Susan Saliba

pelvis to complete the task. Patterned electrical neuromuscular stimulation has been previously found to improve GMed activation and decrease hip adduction during a lateral SDT in individuals with PFP following a single application. 27 , 28 There was also an immediate increase in the duration of

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Leah S. Goudy, Brandon Rhett Rigby, Lisa Silliman-French and Kevin A. Becker

palsy ( Debuse, Gibb, & Chandler, 2009 ). Physical adaptations to EAAT are elicited by the three-dimensional, rhythmic movements of the walking horse, which generates movements at the rider’s pelvis that resembles those essential for ambulation ( Garner & Rigby, 2015 ). Improvements in skeletal muscle

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Rob van der Straaten, Oren Tirosh, William A. (Tony) Sparrow and Rezaul Begg

, would be to reduce the swing limb’s effective length via coordinated movements of the pelvis, combined with modulations to the hip, knee, and ankle joints, of both the swing and the stance limb. 16 , 17 To more clearly identify such ground clearance control strategies, the root mean square (RMS

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Hitoshi Koda, Yoshihiro Kai, Shin Murata, Hironori Osugi, Kunihiko Anami, Takahiko Fukumoto and Hidetaka Imagita

, 4 , 127 . PubMed ID: 21492469 doi:10.1186/1756-0500-4-127 10.1186/1756-0500-4-127 Menz , H.B. , Lord , S.R. , & Fitzpatrick , R.C. ( 2003 ). Acceleration patterns of the head and pelvis when walking on level and irregular surfaces . Gait & Posture, 18 ( 1 ), 35 – 46 . PubMed ID

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Pablo A. Domene, Michelle Stanley and Glykeria Skamagki

), muscle or tendon (eg, rupture, strain, tear), nerve (eg, numbness, pins and needles), and other. The following 12 exclusive categories were used to code injury location 3 , 20 : ankle and foot, back and pelvis, chest, forearm and wrist, hand, head and neck, hip, knee, lower leg and Achilles tendon

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Jonathan S. Goodwin, Robert A. Creighton, Brian G. Pietrosimone, Jeffery T. Spang and J. Troy Blackburn

centers were digitized to create a segment-linkage model of the pelvis and right lower-extremity. The location of the hip joint center was estimated as a function of the distance between the digitized left and right anterior superior iliac spines. 19 Ankle and knee joint centers were defined as the

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Vincent Shieh, Ashwini Sansare, Minal Jain, Thomas Bulea, Martina Mancini and Cris Zampieri

inertial sensors). Increased hip strategy leads to greater accelerations of the pelvis at greater velocities, resulting in increased acceleration-based parameters but not necessarily COP. Moreover, balance strategies may not be completely developed, as visual and vestibular afferent systems reach adult

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Jeffrey G. Williams, Lauryn Darnall and Conrad Schumann

, Lyman SL , Andrews JR . Relationship of pelvis and upper torso kinematics to pitched baseball velocity . J Appl Biomech . 2001 ; 17 ( 2 ): 164 – 172 . doi:10.1123/jab.17.2.164 10.1123/jab.17.2.164 7. Watkins RG , Dennis S , Dillin WH , et al . Dynamic EMG analysis of torque transfer in

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Kornelius Kraus, Elisabeth Kraus, Boris Gojanovic and Francois Fourchet

-reliable Kinovea software (version 0.8.15) (ICC = 0.99). 17 Tasks Two movement tasks were utilized in the study: an active and a passive SLR. The active and passive SLR evaluate the mobility of the dorsal kinetic chain while maintaining a stable pelvis, core, and active extension of the opposite leg 1 (Figure  1