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Zakariya Nawasreh, David Logerstedt, Adam Marmon and Lynn Snyder-Mackler

frequency rate. Twenty static retroreflective markers were placed on the anatomic landmarks of the foot, ankle, shank, thighs, and pelvis of each patient to determine joint centers and segment position. Rigid shell clusters were secured to the pelvis and distal-lateral aspects of the shanks and thighs to

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Leah S. Goudy, Brandon Rhett Rigby, Lisa Silliman-French and Kevin A. Becker

palsy ( Debuse, Gibb, & Chandler, 2009 ). Physical adaptations to EAAT are elicited by the three-dimensional, rhythmic movements of the walking horse, which generates movements at the rider’s pelvis that resembles those essential for ambulation ( Garner & Rigby, 2015 ). Improvements in skeletal muscle

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Neal R. Glaviano, Ashley N. Marshall, L. Colby Mangum, Joseph M. Hart, Jay Hertel, Shawn Russell and Susan Saliba

pelvis to complete the task. Patterned electrical neuromuscular stimulation has been previously found to improve GMed activation and decrease hip adduction during a lateral SDT in individuals with PFP following a single application. 27 , 28 There was also an immediate increase in the duration of

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Marcin Grzes´kowiak, Zbigniew Krawiecki, Wojciech Łabe˛dz´, Jacek Kaczmarczyk, Jacek Lewandowski and Dawid Łochyn´ski

specified levels of lumbar spine, (2) coexisting systemic or orthopedic diseases, (3) pregnancy, (4) coexisting pathologies of spinal column and pelvis, (5) previous spine or pelvis surgery, (6) previous KT therapy, (7) no physical therapy referral at the study time, and (8) body mass index >30. Taping

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José Pino-Ortega, Alejandro Hernández-Belmonte, Carlos D. Gómez-Carmona, Alejandro Bastida-Castillo, Javier García-Rubio and Sergio J. Ibáñez

flexed (approximately 90°), and hands supported on the iliac crests. The head and the pelvis should be maintained in neutral position. The test finished when the participant: (1) did not maintain the neutral alignment of the head and the pelvis, (2) did not keep the arms on the iliac crests, or (3

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Prasanna Sritharan, Luke G. Perraton, Mario A. Munoz, Peter Pivonka and Adam L. Bryant

this task to be highly reliable (ICC 3,3 : .76–.96). 27 For each participant, 40 retroreflective markers were placed on specific anatomical landmarks on the torso, pelvis, and both lower limbs using the protocol of Schache and Baker. 28 Prior to undertaking the single-leg hop trials, a static standing

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Kristi Edgar, Aimee Appel, Nicholas Clay, Adam Engelsgjerd, Lauren Hill, Eric Leeseberg, Allison Lyle and Erika Nelson-Wong

individuals with LBP have symptoms that are secondary to SIJ involvement. 18 SIJ stability is complex with a self-locking mechanism created by form closure (via the shape of bony anatomy) and force closure (via muscle supporting the pelvis). 19 The SIJ is critical for transferring loads between the lower

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Jeffrey G. Williams, Lauryn Darnall and Conrad Schumann

, Lyman SL , Andrews JR . Relationship of pelvis and upper torso kinematics to pitched baseball velocity . J Appl Biomech . 2001 ; 17 ( 2 ): 164 – 172 . doi:10.1123/jab.17.2.164 10.1123/jab.17.2.164 7. Watkins RG , Dennis S , Dillin WH , et al . Dynamic EMG analysis of torque transfer in

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Takuma Hoshiba, Hiroki Nakata, Yasuaki Saho, Kazuyuki Kanosue and Toru Fukubayashi

Subjects were placed in an upright sitting position in the dynamometer chair, with their knee flexed at 90° for the starting position. Subjects were secured with straps across the chest, pelvis, thigh, and shank. Subjects were instructed to move from the starting position through full range of knee

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Rob van der Straaten, Oren Tirosh, William A. (Tony) Sparrow and Rezaul Begg

, would be to reduce the swing limb’s effective length via coordinated movements of the pelvis, combined with modulations to the hip, knee, and ankle joints, of both the swing and the stance limb. 16 , 17 To more clearly identify such ground clearance control strategies, the root mean square (RMS