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Nickolai Martonick, Kimber Kober, Abigail Watkins, Amanda DiEnno, Carmen Perez, Ashlie Renfro, Songah Chae and Russell Baker

perturbation, and at three 500 ms blocks following perturbation. Kinematic data were recorded through 3D motion analysis for lower-extremity and pelvis moments. Peak and mean EMG data were recorded bilaterally at the vastus medialis, vastus lateralis, rectus femoris, and BF. Data for both motion analysis and

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Marcie Fyock, Nelson Cortes, Alex Hulse and Joel Martin

maintaining a level pelvis. Verbal feedback to contract gluteal muscles, run with knees apart and point knee forward. Additional verbal feedback provided if subjects did not maintain desired gait modifications. Verbal feedback to promote forefoot or rearfoot striking. Additional verbal feedback provided if

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Jeffrey R. Doeringer, Megan Colas, Corey Peacock and Dustin R. Gatens

allocated to the cold-water immersion group, cold-water immersion consisted of immersing their entire lower body to the pelvis in a 70-gallon rubber tub for 25 min. The water was consistent at 50 degrees Fahrenheit (10 degrees Celsius) for each subject. The control group were able to leave after the first

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Jaimie A. Roper, Ryan T. Roemmich, Mark D. Tillman, Matthew J. Terza and Chris J. Hass

stabilize the pelvis as the swing leg progresses forward. 3 , 4 Further, studies have demonstrated that certain lower extremity frontal plane mechanics (ie, impulse of the knee abduction moment and medio-lateral ground reaction forces) change with gait speed. 5 , 6 Interventions that manipulate gait speed

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Timothy A. Hanke, Bruce Kay, Michael Turvey and David Tiberio

segmental identification (trunk, pelvis, thighs, and legs; Robertson, Caldwell, Hamill, Kamen, & Whittlesey, 2004 ). This marker placement combination provided for a static calibration, referenced to the laboratory space, which was used to construct an eight-segment kinematic model (head-arms-trunk, pelvis

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Kristi Edgar, Aimee Appel, Nicholas Clay, Adam Engelsgjerd, Lauren Hill, Eric Leeseberg, Allison Lyle and Erika Nelson-Wong

individuals with LBP have symptoms that are secondary to SIJ involvement. 18 SIJ stability is complex with a self-locking mechanism created by form closure (via the shape of bony anatomy) and force closure (via muscle supporting the pelvis). 19 The SIJ is critical for transferring loads between the lower

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Marcin Grzes´kowiak, Zbigniew Krawiecki, Wojciech Łabe˛dz´, Jacek Kaczmarczyk, Jacek Lewandowski and Dawid Łochyn´ski

specified levels of lumbar spine, (2) coexisting systemic or orthopedic diseases, (3) pregnancy, (4) coexisting pathologies of spinal column and pelvis, (5) previous spine or pelvis surgery, (6) previous KT therapy, (7) no physical therapy referral at the study time, and (8) body mass index >30. Taping

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Neal R. Glaviano, Ashley N. Marshall, L. Colby Mangum, Joseph M. Hart, Jay Hertel, Shawn Russell and Susan Saliba

pelvis to complete the task. Patterned electrical neuromuscular stimulation has been previously found to improve GMed activation and decrease hip adduction during a lateral SDT in individuals with PFP following a single application. 27 , 28 There was also an immediate increase in the duration of

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Simon A. Rogers, Peter Hassmén, Alexandra H. Roberts, Alison Alcock, Wendy L. Gilleard and John S. Warmenhoven

/ankle throughout 4 consecutive repetitions 3 appropriate repetitions or minor misalignment on all repetitions 2 or less appropriate repetitions Hip/pelvic control (front view) Appropriate alignment and control of hips with neutral pelvis throughout movement on 4 consecutive repetitions 3 appropriate repetitions or

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Aaron Derouin and Jim R. Potvin

thigh in the sagittal plane. A cluster of 4 markers was placed over the lateral thigh and lower leg, 25 respectively, while pelvis sagittal plane orientation was defined by a pelvic fin 26 with 3 markers. The markers were digitized using the Ariel Video Analysis system (Ariel Performance Analysis