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Dylan C. Perry, Christopher C. Moore, Colleen J. Sands, Elroy J. Aguiar, Zachary R. Gould, Catrine Tudor-Locke and Scott W. Ducharme

eliciting a specific cadence associated with either moderate or vigorous intensity. Different songs are known to induce varying physiological responses including measures of heart rate and respiration, and this may alter the cadence–metabolic intensity relationship. 18 , 19 As a starting point, the utility

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Callum G. Brownstein, Derek Ball, Dominic Micklewright and Neil V. Gibson

-sprint training might not account for these individual differences and thus could be a contributing factor in the varying outcomes and levels of success ( 11 ). The issue of individual differences in the recovery between sprints is particularly pertinent in young athletes, where the physiological responses to

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Gavriil G. Arsoniadis, Gregory C. Bogdanis, Gerasimos Terzis and Argyris G. Toubekis

session on the quality of a subsequent standardized swimming session. The quality of the swimming session was assessed by the physiological responses and biomechanical alterations during a 5 × 400-m endurance training set and a 10-second sprint of tethered swimming. Increased BL concentration, increased

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Joseph A. McQuillan, Julia R. Casadio, Deborah K. Dulson, Paul B. Laursen and Andrew E. Kilding

and events and durations and intensity, studies to date have predominantly been conducted in temperate (18–21°C, 20–50% relative humidity [RH]) conditions, 1 , 5 , 6 with little consideration of how additional heat stress and NO 3 − might interact and influence physiological responses and

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Mathieu Lacome, Ben M. Simpson, Yannick Cholley and Martin Buchheit

, Rowsell GJ . Time–motion characteristics and physiological responses of small-sided games in elite youth players: the influence of player number and rule changes . J Strength Cond Res . 2009 ; 24 ( 8 ): 2149 – 2156 . doi:10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181af5265 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181af5265 6. Dellal A , Hill

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Grégoire P. Millet and Kilian Jornet

Exposure to high altitudes (>2500 m) triggers a series of physiological responses including maladaptive responses that cause 3 forms of acute altitude illness: acute mountain sickness, high-altitude cerebral edema, and high-altitude pulmonary edema. 1 Slow ascent (<500 m/d above 2500 m) 1 , 2 and

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Daniel E. Lidstone, Justin A. Stewart, Reed Gurchiek, Alan R. Needle, Herman van Werkhoven and Jeffrey M. McBride

average US military relative approach march loads induces neuromuscular fatigue and changes in fascicle length of the vastus lateralis. A time-dependent increase in VGRF MAX and VLR MAX was observed in addition to increases in physiological responses with each consecutive time point. We believe our

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Nicki Winfield Almquist, Gertjan Ettema, James Hopker, Øyvind Sandbakk and Bent R. Rønnestad

differences in changes between conditions. Interpretations of the magnitude of ES were as follows: <0.2 (trivial), 0.2 to 0.6 (small), 0.6 to 1.2 (moderate), 1.2 to 2.0 (large), and 2.0 to 4.0 (very large) difference. Results Physiological Responses and Rate of Perceived Exertion Oxygen uptake and ventilation

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Mário A.M. Simim, Marco Túlio de Mello, Bruno V.C. Silva, Dayane F. Rodrigues, João Paulo P. Rosa, Bruno Pena Couto and Andressa da Silva

quadriplegia have unique physiological responses while performing exercises with the upper limbs, potentially leading to vascular insufficiency in the lower extremities and adrenergic dysfunction ( Bhambhani, 2002 ; Goosey-Tolfrey & Price, 2010 ; Webborn & Goosey-Tolfrey, 2008 ). Sympathetic nerves originate

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Enzo Hollville, Vincent Le Croller, Yoshihiro Hirasawa, Rémi Husson, Giuseppe Rabita and Franck Brocherie

main results indicate that, despite an expected progressive increase in fatigue development (ie, RSA performance decrement and concomitant increase in physiological responses), passing skill performance varied throughout the protocol (ie, reduction up to the third set followed by reimprovement toward