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Richard D. Ginsburg, Steven R. Smith, Nicole Danforth, T. Atilla Ceranoglu, Stephen A. Durant, Hayley Kamin, Rebecca Babcock, Lucy Robin and Bruce Masek

Two developmental pathways to sport excellence have been described: early specialization and early sampling (Côté, Lidor, & Hackfort, 2009). Despite a common assumption that early specialization (defined as playing one sport exclusively and intensely before age 12) is a necessary precursor to success at the collegiate or professional levels, research to support this assumption remains unclear. To add to this literature, the current study was a survey of 708 minor league professional baseball players on the ages at which they began to specialize in their sport. Results indicated that most players sampled a diversity of sports up through late adolescence. Only 25% of players specialized before the age of 12 and the mean age of specialization was 15 years. Furthermore, those who specialized later were more likely to receive college scholarships. Finally, we examined patterns of specialization as a function of athletes’ home climate and culture. At least in this sample of professional minor league baseball players, an early sampling pathway seems to have fortified success at both the collegiate and professional levels.

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From the Field Understanding the Diversity-Related Change Process: A Field Study George B. Cunningham * 7 2009 23 4 407 428 10.1123/jsm.23.4.407 Management Examining Fairness Perceptions of Financial Resource Allocations in U.S. Olympic Sport Stephen Dittmore * Daniel Mahony * Damon P

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Earle F. Zeigler Lecture Sport Management at the Millennium: A Defining Moment Brenda G. Pitts * 1 2001 15 1 1 9 10.1123/jsm.15.1.1 Research and Reviews Do Differences Make a Difference? Managing Diversity in Division IA Intercollegiate Athletics Janet S. Fink * Donna L. Pastore * Harold A

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Research and Reviews Sport, Gender, and Cultural Diversity: Exploring the Nexus Tracy Taylor * Kristine Toohey * 1 1999 13 1 1 17 10.1123/jsm.13.1.1 Research Contemplating Restructuring: A Case Study of Strategic Decision Making in Interuniversity Athletic Conferences Larena Hill * Lisa M

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Research and Reviews Dominance in College Football and the Role of Scholarship Restrictions Katherine Baird * 7 2004 18 3 217 235 10.1123/jsm.18.3.217 Research Group Diversity, Occupational Commitment, and Occupational Turnover Intentions among NCAA Division IA Football Coaching Staffs George B

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Research and Reviews The Determination of Player Transfer Fees in English Professional Soccer Stephen Dobson * Bill Gerrard * 10 1999 13 4 259 279 10.1123/jsm.13.4.259 Research Managing Cultural Diversity in Sport Organizations: A Theoretical Perspective Alison J. Doherty * Packianathan

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Lauren E. Brown

organizing and delegating, organizational culture and diversity, and human resources. Part IV (Chapters 8–12), “Leading,” examines organizational behavior, team development, communication, motivation, and leadership. Part V (Chapters 13 and 14), “Controlling,” addresses organizational controls along with

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Jonathan Robertson, Ryan Storr, Andrew Bakos and Danny O’Brien

organizations engage with LGBT diversity within Australia. Recently, efforts have been made to understand how community sport organizations are responding to increased diversity more broadly ( Spaaij et al., 2016 ), but inclusion on the basis of sexuality has often been absent from such conversations. Cricket

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Jason R. Carter and Nancy Williams

, resources, and support systems. The authors include astute analyses and recommendations on how to consider these strategies in the context of diversity and inclusion, with particular attention to the importance of a diverse candidate pool and successful recruitment of these candidates. Finally, an essay by

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”: Extractives Industry Perspectives on Sport, Responsibility, and Development in Indigenous Communities in Canada Rob Millington * Lyndsay M.C. Hayhurst * Audrey R. Giles * Steven Rynne * 05 06 2020 1 11 2020 34 6 521 532 10.1123/jsm.2019-0345 jsm.2019-0345 LGBT Diversity and Inclusion, Community