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Matthew Zimmermann, Grant Landers, Karen Wallman and Georgina Kent

, fat mass; LBM, lean body mass; VO 2 peak, peak oxygen uptake. Preliminary Procedures Participant height, body mass, and body composition (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scan; LG–Luna Prodigy, GE Medical Systems, Waukesha, WI) were measured. Participants then completed a peak-oxygen-uptake ( V ˙ O 2

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Athanasios Chatzinikolaou, Konstantinos Michaloglou, Alexandra Avloniti, Diamanda Leontsini, Chariklia K. Deli, Dimitris Vlachopoulos, Luis Gracia-Marco, Sotirios Arsenis, Ioannis Athanailidis, Dimitrios Draganidis, Athanasios Z. Jamurtas, Craig A. Williams and Ioannis G. Fatouros

, United Kingdom) with subjects wearing the underclothes and barefooted. Standing height was evaluated to the nearest 0.5 cm (Seca stadiometer 208; Seca). Body composition (%fat) was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scan (Lunar DPX; GE Healthcare, Madison, WI) as described. 18 Pubertal

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Andrzej Kochanowicz, Bartłomiej Niespodziński, Jan Mieszkowski, Stanisław Sawczyn, Paweł Cięszczyk and Kazimierz Kochanowicz

C , Treiber F . Body-composition measurement in 9-11-y-old children by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, skinfold-thickness measurements, and bioimpedance analysis . Am J Clin Nutr . 1996 ; 63 ( 3 ): 287 – 292 . PubMed ID: 8602582 doi:10.1093/ajcn/63.3.287 10.1093/ajcn/63.3.287 8602582 24

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Chelsea L. Kracht, Elizabeth K. Webster and Amanda E. Staiano

SM . Physical activity, not sedentary time, predicts dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry-measured adiposity age 5 to 19 years . Med Sci Sports Exerc . 2017 ; 49 ( 10 ): 2071 – 2077 . PubMed ID: 28915225 doi:10.1249/MSS.0000000000001336 10.1249/MSS.0000000000001336 51. United States Census Bureau

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Austin T. Robinson, Adriana Mazzuco, Ahmad S. Sabbahi, Audrey Borghi-Silva and Shane A. Phillips

assessed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (Lunar iDXA; GE Healthcare, Chicago, IL). Brachial BP Following 15 min of quiet rest in the supine position, resting systolic BP and diastolic BP were measured using an automated oscillometric cuff (Vital Signs Monitor 300 Series, Welch Allyn, Skaneateles

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Megan Colletto and Nancy Rodriguez

to the nearest cm using a stadiometer, and body weight was measured in the morning, before breakfast, using a portable digital scale to the nearest 0.1 lb (Health-O-Meter Inc., Model 349KLX, Bridgeview, IL). Body composition was measured using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) (DPX

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Allysiê Priscilla de Souza Cavina, Eduardo Pizzo Junior, Aryane Flauzino Machado, Taíse Mendes Biral, Leonardo Kesrouani Lemos, Caio Russo Dutra Rodrigues, Carlos Marcelo Pastre and Franciele Marques Vanderlei

randomized clinical trials, with parallel groups. About 8 studies 22 – 26 , 29 – 31 assessed BMI, 5 studies 23 , 24 , 27 , 29 , 30 assessed body mass, 7 studies 22 – 27 , 30 evaluated the body fat percentage (skinfold, 25 , 30 dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, 28 and bioelectrical impedance analysis 23

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medications. Dual energy x-ray absorptiometry scan showed low bone density with L1-4 Z-score -1.8. Serum calcium and Vitamin D were within normal limits. She was treated for her fractures and returned to activity. Discussion regarding her endocrine management plan was put on hold when she left for a 6 month

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Adam D. Osmond, Dean J. Directo, Marcus L. Elam, Gabriela Juache, Vince C. Kreipke, Desiree E. Saralegui, Robert Wildman, Michael Wong and Edward Jo

isoleucine and valine as BCAA (ie, 2.5 g each) but a higher amount of leucine (10 g). Supplements were provided in powder form and administered in a double-blind fashion. Testing Procedures Body Composition Body composition was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (Hologic Discovery-QDR Series

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Chen Deng, Jason C. Gillette and Timothy R. Derrick

shaft: analysis of the third national health and nutrition examination survey dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry data . J Bone Miner Res . 2000 ; 15 : 2297 – 2304 . PubMed ID: 11127194 doi:10.1359/jbmr.2000.15.12.2297 11127194 10.1359/jbmr.2000.15.12.2297 23. Bell KL , Loveridge N , Power J