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Timothy A. Hanke, Bruce Kay, Michael Turvey and David Tiberio

segmental identification (trunk, pelvis, thighs, and legs; Robertson, Caldwell, Hamill, Kamen, & Whittlesey, 2004 ). This marker placement combination provided for a static calibration, referenced to the laboratory space, which was used to construct an eight-segment kinematic model (head-arms-trunk, pelvis

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José Pino-Ortega, Alejandro Hernández-Belmonte, Carlos D. Gómez-Carmona, Alejandro Bastida-Castillo, Javier García-Rubio and Sergio J. Ibáñez

flexed (approximately 90°), and hands supported on the iliac crests. The head and the pelvis should be maintained in neutral position. The test finished when the participant: (1) did not maintain the neutral alignment of the head and the pelvis, (2) did not keep the arms on the iliac crests, or (3

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Simon A. Rogers, Peter Hassmén, Alexandra H. Roberts, Alison Alcock, Wendy L. Gilleard and John S. Warmenhoven

/ankle throughout 4 consecutive repetitions 3 appropriate repetitions or minor misalignment on all repetitions 2 or less appropriate repetitions Hip/pelvic control (front view) Appropriate alignment and control of hips with neutral pelvis throughout movement on 4 consecutive repetitions 3 appropriate repetitions or

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Leah S. Goudy, Brandon Rhett Rigby, Lisa Silliman-French and Kevin A. Becker

palsy ( Debuse, Gibb, & Chandler, 2009 ). Physical adaptations to EAAT are elicited by the three-dimensional, rhythmic movements of the walking horse, which generates movements at the rider’s pelvis that resembles those essential for ambulation ( Garner & Rigby, 2015 ). Improvements in skeletal muscle

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Zakariya Nawasreh, David Logerstedt, Adam Marmon and Lynn Snyder-Mackler

frequency rate. Twenty static retroreflective markers were placed on the anatomic landmarks of the foot, ankle, shank, thighs, and pelvis of each patient to determine joint centers and segment position. Rigid shell clusters were secured to the pelvis and distal-lateral aspects of the shanks and thighs to

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Matthew D. Freke, Kay Crossley, Trevor Russell, Kevin J. Sims and Adam Semciw

-executed SLSq consists of an erect trunk, a level pelvis (frontal plane), a neutral hip position with no internal rotation (IR) or adduction, and the central knee aligned over the second toe during motion. 7 One of the key measures of lower limb dysfunction during SLSq is knee valgus. Knee valgus, which can

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Kristi Edgar, Aimee Appel, Nicholas Clay, Adam Engelsgjerd, Lauren Hill, Eric Leeseberg, Allison Lyle and Erika Nelson-Wong

individuals with LBP have symptoms that are secondary to SIJ involvement. 18 SIJ stability is complex with a self-locking mechanism created by form closure (via the shape of bony anatomy) and force closure (via muscle supporting the pelvis). 19 The SIJ is critical for transferring loads between the lower

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James Stephens and Susan Hillier

different movements and to try to sense different aspects of body image, including the experience of moving their hips, pelvis, low back, head, neck, and arms. Based on this qualitative study, the ATM process is clearly structured as a motor-learning process as it contains the classic elements of repetition

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Aaron Derouin and Jim R. Potvin

thigh in the sagittal plane. A cluster of 4 markers was placed over the lateral thigh and lower leg, 25 respectively, while pelvis sagittal plane orientation was defined by a pelvic fin 26 with 3 markers. The markers were digitized using the Ariel Video Analysis system (Ariel Performance Analysis

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Marcin Grzes´kowiak, Zbigniew Krawiecki, Wojciech Łabe˛dz´, Jacek Kaczmarczyk, Jacek Lewandowski and Dawid Łochyn´ski

specified levels of lumbar spine, (2) coexisting systemic or orthopedic diseases, (3) pregnancy, (4) coexisting pathologies of spinal column and pelvis, (5) previous spine or pelvis surgery, (6) previous KT therapy, (7) no physical therapy referral at the study time, and (8) body mass index >30. Taping