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Aaron Derouin and Jim R. Potvin

thigh in the sagittal plane. A cluster of 4 markers was placed over the lateral thigh and lower leg, 25 respectively, while pelvis sagittal plane orientation was defined by a pelvic fin 26 with 3 markers. The markers were digitized using the Ariel Video Analysis system (Ariel Performance Analysis

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Leah S. Goudy, Brandon Rhett Rigby, Lisa Silliman-French and Kevin A. Becker

palsy ( Debuse, Gibb, & Chandler, 2009 ). Physical adaptations to EAAT are elicited by the three-dimensional, rhythmic movements of the walking horse, which generates movements at the rider’s pelvis that resembles those essential for ambulation ( Garner & Rigby, 2015 ). Improvements in skeletal muscle

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Prasanna Sritharan, Luke G. Perraton, Mario A. Munoz, Peter Pivonka and Adam L. Bryant

this task to be highly reliable (ICC 3,3 : .76–.96). 27 For each participant, 40 retroreflective markers were placed on specific anatomical landmarks on the torso, pelvis, and both lower limbs using the protocol of Schache and Baker. 28 Prior to undertaking the single-leg hop trials, a static standing

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Neal R. Glaviano, Ashley N. Marshall, L. Colby Mangum, Joseph M. Hart, Jay Hertel, Shawn Russell and Susan Saliba

pelvis to complete the task. Patterned electrical neuromuscular stimulation has been previously found to improve GMed activation and decrease hip adduction during a lateral SDT in individuals with PFP following a single application. 27 , 28 There was also an immediate increase in the duration of

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Jeffrey G. Williams, Lauryn Darnall and Conrad Schumann

, Lyman SL , Andrews JR . Relationship of pelvis and upper torso kinematics to pitched baseball velocity . J Appl Biomech . 2001 ; 17 ( 2 ): 164 – 172 . doi:10.1123/jab.17.2.164 10.1123/jab.17.2.164 7. Watkins RG , Dennis S , Dillin WH , et al . Dynamic EMG analysis of torque transfer in

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Takuma Hoshiba, Hiroki Nakata, Yasuaki Saho, Kazuyuki Kanosue and Toru Fukubayashi

Subjects were placed in an upright sitting position in the dynamometer chair, with their knee flexed at 90° for the starting position. Subjects were secured with straps across the chest, pelvis, thigh, and shank. Subjects were instructed to move from the starting position through full range of knee

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Hai-Jung Steffi Shih, Danielle N. Jarvis, Pamela Mikkelsen and Kornelia Kulig

phase . J Biomech . 2010 ; 43 ( 13 ): 2554 – 2560 . PubMed ID: 20541759 doi:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2010.05.014 20541759 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2010.05.014 12. Needham R , Naemi R , Chockalingam N . Quantifying lumbar-pelvis coordination during gait using a modified vector coding technique . J

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Zachary K. Winkelmann, Ethan J. Roberts and Kenneth E. Games

participant’s distal patella and the ankle joint. For hip flexion, the participant was placed supine on the table. To minimize hip rotation, the participant was secured at the hip at the middle of the anterior pelvis to the treatment table using a seat belt. To avoid any contralateral hip flexion that may

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Komeil Dashti Rostami, Aynollah Naderi and Abbey Thomas

with ACL injury. 18 However, little is known of the effect of ACL injury on hip muscle activity. The muscles of the hip joint, specifically the gluteal muscle group, play a pivotal role in lower-extremity kinematics. 19 For example, the gluteus medius (GMED) stabilizes the pelvis and controls femoral

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Hitoshi Koda, Yoshihiro Kai, Shin Murata, Hironori Osugi, Kunihiko Anami, Takahiko Fukumoto and Hidetaka Imagita

, 4 , 127 . PubMed ID: 21492469 doi:10.1186/1756-0500-4-127 10.1186/1756-0500-4-127 Menz , H.B. , Lord , S.R. , & Fitzpatrick , R.C. ( 2003 ). Acceleration patterns of the head and pelvis when walking on level and irregular surfaces . Gait & Posture, 18 ( 1 ), 35 – 46 . PubMed ID