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José Pino-Ortega, Alejandro Hernández-Belmonte, Carlos D. Gómez-Carmona, Alejandro Bastida-Castillo, Javier García-Rubio and Sergio J. Ibáñez

flexed (approximately 90°), and hands supported on the iliac crests. The head and the pelvis should be maintained in neutral position. The test finished when the participant: (1) did not maintain the neutral alignment of the head and the pelvis, (2) did not keep the arms on the iliac crests, or (3

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Leah S. Goudy, Brandon Rhett Rigby, Lisa Silliman-French and Kevin A. Becker

palsy ( Debuse, Gibb, & Chandler, 2009 ). Physical adaptations to EAAT are elicited by the three-dimensional, rhythmic movements of the walking horse, which generates movements at the rider’s pelvis that resembles those essential for ambulation ( Garner & Rigby, 2015 ). Improvements in skeletal muscle

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Prasanna Sritharan, Luke G. Perraton, Mario A. Munoz, Peter Pivonka and Adam L. Bryant

this task to be highly reliable (ICC 3,3 : .76–.96). 27 For each participant, 40 retroreflective markers were placed on specific anatomical landmarks on the torso, pelvis, and both lower limbs using the protocol of Schache and Baker. 28 Prior to undertaking the single-leg hop trials, a static standing

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Zakariya Nawasreh, David Logerstedt, Adam Marmon and Lynn Snyder-Mackler

frequency rate. Twenty static retroreflective markers were placed on the anatomic landmarks of the foot, ankle, shank, thighs, and pelvis of each patient to determine joint centers and segment position. Rigid shell clusters were secured to the pelvis and distal-lateral aspects of the shanks and thighs to

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Jeffrey G. Williams, Lauryn Darnall and Conrad Schumann

, Lyman SL , Andrews JR . Relationship of pelvis and upper torso kinematics to pitched baseball velocity . J Appl Biomech . 2001 ; 17 ( 2 ): 164 – 172 . doi:10.1123/jab.17.2.164 10.1123/jab.17.2.164 7. Watkins RG , Dennis S , Dillin WH , et al . Dynamic EMG analysis of torque transfer in

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Takuma Hoshiba, Hiroki Nakata, Yasuaki Saho, Kazuyuki Kanosue and Toru Fukubayashi

Subjects were placed in an upright sitting position in the dynamometer chair, with their knee flexed at 90° for the starting position. Subjects were secured with straps across the chest, pelvis, thigh, and shank. Subjects were instructed to move from the starting position through full range of knee

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Rob van der Straaten, Oren Tirosh, William A. (Tony) Sparrow and Rezaul Begg

, would be to reduce the swing limb’s effective length via coordinated movements of the pelvis, combined with modulations to the hip, knee, and ankle joints, of both the swing and the stance limb. 16 , 17 To more clearly identify such ground clearance control strategies, the root mean square (RMS

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Jonathan S. Goodwin, Robert A. Creighton, Brian G. Pietrosimone, Jeffery T. Spang and J. Troy Blackburn

centers were digitized to create a segment-linkage model of the pelvis and right lower-extremity. The location of the hip joint center was estimated as a function of the distance between the digitized left and right anterior superior iliac spines. 19 Ankle and knee joint centers were defined as the

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Hai-Jung Steffi Shih, Danielle N. Jarvis, Pamela Mikkelsen and Kornelia Kulig

phase . J Biomech . 2010 ; 43 ( 13 ): 2554 – 2560 . PubMed ID: 20541759 doi:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2010.05.014 20541759 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2010.05.014 12. Needham R , Naemi R , Chockalingam N . Quantifying lumbar-pelvis coordination during gait using a modified vector coding technique . J

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Hitoshi Koda, Yoshihiro Kai, Shin Murata, Hironori Osugi, Kunihiko Anami, Takahiko Fukumoto and Hidetaka Imagita

, 4 , 127 . PubMed ID: 21492469 doi:10.1186/1756-0500-4-127 10.1186/1756-0500-4-127 Menz , H.B. , Lord , S.R. , & Fitzpatrick , R.C. ( 2003 ). Acceleration patterns of the head and pelvis when walking on level and irregular surfaces . Gait & Posture, 18 ( 1 ), 35 – 46 . PubMed ID