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James R. Vallerand, Ryan E. Rhodes, Gordan J. Walker and Kerry S. Courneya

peak influence of reflexive processes, as they are theorized as being important influencers of behavioral maintenance. Our study has notable strengths and limitations. The strengths include being the first randomized controlled trial to examine the theoretical mechanisms of exercise behavior change in

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Colin B. Shore, Gill Hubbard, Trish Gorely, Robert Polson, Angus Hunter and Stuart D. Galloway

. Not in English language Due to lack of translation facilities, all non-English articles were excluded. 2. Type of study Systematic reviews (which included randomized controlled trials, observational studies, case-controlled, or other quasi-experimental studies within them) and meta-analysis were

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Samuel D. Muir, Sandun S.M. Silva, Mulu A. Woldegiorgis, Hayley Rider, Denny Meyer and Madawa W. Jayawardana

* OR adhere* OR engage* OR attrition OR dropout OR [drop out]). Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies, including cross-sectional, and cohort designs were eligible for inclusion. For inclusion, the articles needed to satisfy the following criteria: (1) the article had to test a

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Lauren McMichan, Ann-Marie Gibson and David A. Rowe

* OR stand*) Search operator AND Outcome (Sedentary behaviour OR sedentary behavior OR sitting time OR sit*) Search operator AND Study design [Interventions OR randomised controlled trial OR randomized controlled trial OR (pre and post) OR quasi-experimental] Search operator NOT Exclusion (Physical

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Meltem Dizdar, Jale Fatma Irdesel, Oguzhan Sıtkı Dizdar and Mine Topsaç

strength: A randomized controlled trial . American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 89 , 549 – 556 . PubMed doi:10.1097/PHM.0b013e3181ddccd2 10.1097/PHM.0b013e3181ddccd2 Cambell , J. , Robertson , C. , Gardner , M. , Norton , R.N. , Tilyard , M.W. , & Buchner , D.M. ( 1997

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Fabiana Rodrigues Osti, Caroline Ribeiro de Souza and Luis Augusto Teixeira

) conducted a randomized controlled trial in older individuals to evaluate the extent to which balance training supporting the body on a foam rubber pad induces more adaptive effects in comparison with balance training on a rigid ground surface. Results revealed that training on the unstable surface led to

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Kim Gammage, Rachel Arnold, Lori Dithurbide, Alison Ede, Karl Erickson, Blair Evans, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Eric Martin and Kathleen Wilson

biological improvements resulting from the intervention. This pilot study met the objectives for examining whether intervention delivery was feasible. The authors suggest that improvements to the intervention may be needed prior to conducting a randomized control trial. This study highlights the importance

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Erika Rees-Punia, Alicia Holloway, David Knauft and Michael D. Schmidt

school gardening on physical activity and sedentary time. Further, among the few existing physical activity studies, many have relied on self-reported outcomes. 26 One recent group randomized controlled trial in New York state found that children from 6 schools selected to receive a garden had a greater

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Cody D. Neshteruk, Deborah J. Jones, Asheley Skinner, Alice Ammerman, Deborah F. Tate and Dianne S. Ward

DR , Plotnikoff RC , Morgan PJ . Paternal lifestyle-related parenting practices mediate changes in children’s dietary and physical activity behaviors: findings from the healthy dads, healthy kids community randomized controlled trial . J Phys Act Health . 2015 ; 12 ( 9 ): 1327 – 1335

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Megan S. Farris, Kerry S. Courneya, Rachel O’Reilly and Christine M. Friedenreich

. PubMed doi:10.1016/j.jad.2016.10.050 28033521 10.1016/j.jad.2016.10.050 12. Park SH , Han KS , Kang CB . Effects of exercise programs on depressive symptoms, quality of life, and self-esteem in older people: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials . Appl Nurs Res . 2014 ; 27 ( 4