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Simon A. Rogers, Peter Hassmén, Alexandra H. Roberts, Alison Alcock, Wendy L. Gilleard and John S. Warmenhoven

/ankle throughout 4 consecutive repetitions 3 appropriate repetitions or minor misalignment on all repetitions 2 or less appropriate repetitions Hip/pelvic control (front view) Appropriate alignment and control of hips with neutral pelvis throughout movement on 4 consecutive repetitions 3 appropriate repetitions or

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Neal R. Glaviano, Ashley N. Marshall, L. Colby Mangum, Joseph M. Hart, Jay Hertel, Shawn Russell and Susan Saliba

pelvis to complete the task. Patterned electrical neuromuscular stimulation has been previously found to improve GMed activation and decrease hip adduction during a lateral SDT in individuals with PFP following a single application. 27 , 28 There was also an immediate increase in the duration of

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Zakariya Nawasreh, David Logerstedt, Adam Marmon and Lynn Snyder-Mackler

frequency rate. Twenty static retroreflective markers were placed on the anatomic landmarks of the foot, ankle, shank, thighs, and pelvis of each patient to determine joint centers and segment position. Rigid shell clusters were secured to the pelvis and distal-lateral aspects of the shanks and thighs to

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James Stephens and Susan Hillier

different movements and to try to sense different aspects of body image, including the experience of moving their hips, pelvis, low back, head, neck, and arms. Based on this qualitative study, the ATM process is clearly structured as a motor-learning process as it contains the classic elements of repetition

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Prasanna Sritharan, Luke G. Perraton, Mario A. Munoz, Peter Pivonka and Adam L. Bryant

this task to be highly reliable (ICC 3,3 : .76–.96). 27 For each participant, 40 retroreflective markers were placed on specific anatomical landmarks on the torso, pelvis, and both lower limbs using the protocol of Schache and Baker. 28 Prior to undertaking the single-leg hop trials, a static standing

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Takuma Hoshiba, Hiroki Nakata, Yasuaki Saho, Kazuyuki Kanosue and Toru Fukubayashi

Subjects were placed in an upright sitting position in the dynamometer chair, with their knee flexed at 90° for the starting position. Subjects were secured with straps across the chest, pelvis, thigh, and shank. Subjects were instructed to move from the starting position through full range of knee

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Connor Burk, Jesse Perry, Sam Lis, Steve Dischiavi and Chris Bleakley

, consisting of the plantar fascia, Achilles tendon, gastrocnemius, hamstrings, sacrotuberous ligament, and erector spina. 3 It is proposed that the anatomical integration of the superficial back line facilitates effective force transmission between the spine, pelvis, legs, and arms. 4 This is supported by

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Vincent Shieh, Ashwini Sansare, Minal Jain, Thomas Bulea, Martina Mancini and Cris Zampieri

inertial sensors). Increased hip strategy leads to greater accelerations of the pelvis at greater velocities, resulting in increased acceleration-based parameters but not necessarily COP. Moreover, balance strategies may not be completely developed, as visual and vestibular afferent systems reach adult

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Rob van der Straaten, Oren Tirosh, William A. (Tony) Sparrow and Rezaul Begg

, would be to reduce the swing limb’s effective length via coordinated movements of the pelvis, combined with modulations to the hip, knee, and ankle joints, of both the swing and the stance limb. 16 , 17 To more clearly identify such ground clearance control strategies, the root mean square (RMS

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Pablo A. Domene, Michelle Stanley and Glykeria Skamagki

), muscle or tendon (eg, rupture, strain, tear), nerve (eg, numbness, pins and needles), and other. The following 12 exclusive categories were used to code injury location 3 , 20 : ankle and foot, back and pelvis, chest, forearm and wrist, hand, head and neck, hip, knee, lower leg and Achilles tendon