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Linda Corbally, Mick Wilkinson and Melissa A. Fothergill

allow exploration of this suggestion. Since distance running success is underpinned to a large extent by physiological factors, we also explored the effects of mindfulness on physiological responses that could impact on performance. One RCT showed slightly slower recovery from a high-intensity treadmill

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Matthew R. Blair, Nathan Elsworthy, Nancy J. Rehrer, Chris Button and Nicholas D. Gill

data. Bold text indicates a significant difference between 10-minute periods. Discussion This study aimed to quantify the time–motion characteristics and physiological responses of elite rugby union referees within the Super Rugby competition. The use of GPS motion analysis in team sport is a widely

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Baptiste Fournier, Maxime Lussier, Nathalie Bier, Johanne Filiatrault, Manon Parisien, Miguel Chagnon and Marie-Ève Mathieu

flexibility of women throughout life . European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, 78 ( 1 ), 77 – 82 . PubMed ID: 9660160 doi:10.1007/s004210050390 10.1007/s004210050390 Church , T.S. , Earnest , C.P. , & Morss , G.M. ( 2002 ). Field testing of physiological responses

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Nick Dobbin, Cari Thorpe, Jamie Highton and Craig Twist

SK . Sex differences in human fatigability: mechanism and insight to physiological responses . Acta Physiol . 2014 ; 210 ( 4 ): 768 – 789 . doi:10.1111/apha.12234 10.1111/apha.12234 11. Rinard J , Clarkson PM , Smith LL , Grossman M . Responses of male and females to high

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Chee-Hoi Leong, Steven J. Elmer and James C. Martin

elliptical chainwheels on steady-rate cycle ergometer work efficiency . Med Sci Sports . 1977 ; 9 ( 4 ): 202 – 207 . PubMed 604714 6. Hull ML , Williams M , Williams K , Kautz S . Physiological response to cycling with both circular and noncircular chainrings . Med Sci Sports Exerc . 1992

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Amelia J. Carr, Laura A. Garvican-Lewis, Brent S. Vallance, Andrew P. Drake, Philo U. Saunders, Clare E. Humberstone and Christopher J. Gore

performed independently of the reduced oxygen availability inherent in NAT, 16 and relative training intensity (expressed as % VO 2 max) can be maintained. 2 There is currently inconclusive evidence as to whether athletes’ physiological responses to SIM will differ from those observed after NAT, or indeed

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Maria C. Madueno, Vincent J. Dalbo, Joshua H. Guy, Kate E. Giamarelos, Tania Spiteri and Aaron T. Scanlan

, WA). Results Pairwise comparisons revealed higher physiological responses with active recovery than passive recovery. Specifically, we observed moderately higher absolute HR (7.3 [6.4] beats·min −1 ; P  = .01; ES = 1.09; very likely), relative HR (3.5% [4.0%]; P  = .10; ES = 0.84; unclear

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Paola Rodriguez-Giustiniani, Ian Rollo, Oliver C. Witard and Stuart D. R. Galloway

the main experimental trial days. Ambient temperature (CHO-E: 6 ± 1 °C and placebo: 6 ± 1 °C) and humidity (CHO-E: 59 ± 10% and placebo: 61 ± 13%) were similar between trials ( p  > .05). Physiological Responses to Soccer Match Simulation There was no significant Time × Trial interaction for heart

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Ali M. McManus, Nathan R. Sletten and Daniel J. Green

). Watts at maximum ranged from 68 to 148 W. Preexercise HR was 84 (8) beats·min −1 , and systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure were 104 (8) and 73 (7) mm Hg, respectively. Physiological responses and perceived exertion during and after the 2 exercise conditions are presented in Table  1

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Victor Silveira Coswig, Bianca Miarka, Daniel Alvarez Pires, Levy Mendes da Silva, Charles Bartel and Fabrício Boscolo Del Vecchio

findings, which includes the fact that different technical–tactical actions and professional athletes may also elicit different physical demands and physiological responses for a specific action and/or combat phase ( Coswig et al., 2016a , 2016b ; James et al., 2016 ; Lindsay et al., 2017 ). Sport