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Louise M. Burke, Graeme L. Close, Bronwen Lundy, Martin Mooses, James P. Morton and Adam S. Tenforde

.g., carbohydrate availability, vitamin D status, calcium intake) and nondietary factors (e.g., nonweight-bearing activity) contribute/ exacerbate the effect of LEA on bone health and other outcomes, particularly factors that can be manipulated to reduce the effect? • Can sport-specific guidelines for the threshold and duration

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Peter Peeling, Linda M. Castell, Wim Derave, Olivier de Hon and Louise M. Burke

) investigated the prevalence of dietary supplement use (defined using the Federal Drug Administration’s Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994; e.g., sports foods, iron, vitamins, etc.) by sport, sex, and athlete status (i.e., elite vs. nonelite). High variability in supplement use among various

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Romain Meeusen and Lieselot Decroix

guarana on cognitive performance and found that memory, mood, and speed during an attention task improved. The administration of a vitamin and mineral complex with guarana has been shown to attenuate mental fatigue and improve performance during cognitively-demanding tasks ( Haskell et al., 2007 ; Kennedy

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Damir Zubac, Drazen Cular and Uros Marusic

. 2012 ; 9 ( 1 ): 52 – 58 . PubMed doi:10.1186/1550-2783-9-52 10.1186/1550-2783-9-52 23237303 5. Reljic D , Jost J , Dickau K , Kinscherf R , Bonaterra G , Friedmann-Bette B . Effects of pre-competitional rapid weight loss on nutrition, vitamin status and oxidative stress in elite

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Ioanna Athanasiadou, Sven Christian Voss, Wesal El Saftawy, Hind Al-Jaber, Najib Dbes, Sameera Al-Yazedi, Waseem Samsam, Vidya Mohamed-Ali, Mohammed Alsayrafi, Georgia Valsami and Costas Georgakopoulos

including OTCs, vitamins, and/or supplements (except paracetamol for pain relief) 2 weeks prior to inclusion and during the study Study Design Prior to inclusion and during the study, each participant was asked to maintain his normal training protocol and dietary program, as submitted and approved before

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David C. Nieman, Courtney L. Goodman, Christopher R. Capps, Zack L. Shue and Robert Arnot

, and avoid the regular use of large-dose vitamin and mineral supplements, herbs, and medications that had the potential to influence inflammation and immune function for the duration of the study. Participants signed informed consent, and study procedures were approved by the Institutional Review Board

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Dawn M. Emerson, Toni M. Torres-McGehee, Susan W. Yeargin, Kyle Dolan and Kelcey K. deWeber

of electrolyte supplements available in various team settings are presented in Table  4 . Written responses for collegiate and professional ATs included Thermatabs ® , The Right Stuff ® , and Elete ™ . Professional ATs also frequently wrote in sea salt, mustard, B and C vitamins, CrampX ® , Stim

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Sungchul Lee, Sangyoon Lee, Seongryu Bae, Kazuhiro Harada, Songee Jung, Keitaro Makino and Hiroyuki Shimada

using a creatinine-based equation, and only one estimate of eGFR was determined. Third, examinations were not conducted to determine the effects of hematocrit, electrolytes, hypertrophy (left ventricular hypertrophy) and coronary heart disease, hypoalbuminemia, vitamin D, drugs, hemoglobin, calcium or

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Stephen M. Cornish, Jeremie E. Chase, Eric M. Bugera and Gordon G. Giesbrecht

disease (rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, etc.); (c) had sustained a recent injury; (d) had an illness (infection) within the past 2 weeks; or (e) were taking vitamin, mineral, or other nutritional supplements. A Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire Plus was used to assess any other

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Mark Elisabeth Theodorus Willems, Mehmet Akif Şahin and Matthew David Cook

.1123/ijsnem.19.6.624 10.1123/ijsnem.19.6.624 Eichenberger , P. , Colombani , P.C. , & Mettler , S. ( 2009 ). Effects of 3-week consumption of green tea extracts on whole-body metabolism during cycling exercise in endurance-trained men . International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research, 79