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Scott W. Cheatham and Kyle R. Stull

. The examiner monitored for any compensatory movement through the lower-extremity and pelvis. This testing technique was chosen as it replicated the same hip position and knee movements that occurred during the foam roll interventions. 15 , 27 , 40 For PPT, the left quadriceps group was tested with

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Constantine P. Nicolozakes, Daniel K. Schneider, Benjamin D. Roewer, James R. Borchers and Timothy E. Hewett

necessary for all 3 lower-extremity tasks. The increase in abdominal adipose tissue may also impede with proximal musculature of the pelvis spine and trunk (rectus abdominis, external oblique, internal oblique, etc), strength, and dynamic coordination necessary to correctly complete the hurdle step and in

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Deise J.A. Faleiro, Enaiane C. Menezes, Eduardo Capeletto, Felipe Fank, Rafaela M. Porto and Giovana Z. Mazo

muscle volume and elevate the levator plate to a more cranial level inside the pelvis, which can prevent and even reduce episodes of urinary incontinence. The study by Virtuoso et al. ( 2012 ) found a tendency of women to have urgency and mixed urinary incontinence, with the development of severe

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James Hackney, Jade McFarland, David Smith and Clinton Wallis

, lateral humeral epicondyles, dorsal ulnar styloid processes, anterior superior iliac spines of the pelvis, mid-sacrum, the bilateral lateral thighs, bilateral medial and lateral epicondyles of the femurs, bilateral lateral lower legs, bilateral medial and lateral malleoli, posterior calcanei, and dorsal

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Edgar R. Vieira, Ruth Tappen, Sareen S. Gropper, Maria T. Severi, Gabriella Engstrom, Marcio R. de Oliveira, Alexandre C. Barbosa and Rubens A. da Silva

examiners chair using two straps. The pelvis was stabilized to the chair using a gait belt. One practice trial was completed and the mean of three subsequent trials was analyzed. Data Analysis Data from the preferred speed walking speed was used to normalize the data from the street crossing simulations to

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Mary Hellen Morcelli, Dain Patrick LaRoche, Luciano Fernandes Crozara, Nise Ribeiro Marques, Camilla Zamfolini Hallal, Mauro Gonçalves and Marcelo Tavella Navega

flexion during the isometric test. 21 During the knee strength assessment, the subjects were placed in a seated position and the dynamometer was aligned with the approximate axis of rotation of the knee joint (a line traversing the femoral epicondyles) and the subject’s thigh, trunk, and pelvis were

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Andrew D. Nordin and Janet S. Dufek

condition while subscript B denotes baseline. Condition impulse ratios therefore included: 1.125 (BW12.5˙H12.5), 1.250 (BW25˙H12.5), 1.414 (BW˙H25), 1.591 (BW12.5˙H25), and 1.768 (BW25˙H25). Following Nordin et al, 23 we performed supplementary analysis using maximum downward velocity of the pelvis

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Brittany Mann, Allison H. Gruber, Shane P. Murphy and Carrie L. Docherty

match the height of the participant’s pelvis. The fastest of the 3 trials was used for statistical analysis. Apart from these instructions and those described below for the motion capture, participants performed all of the functional performance tests correctly, as they saw fit and performed them the

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Wai-Ting Lo, Kit-Lun Yick, Newman Lau, Lok-Tung Tse, Sun-Pui Ng and Joanne Yip

shown in Figure  7 ( Millington et al., 1992 ): phases I, II and III. In Phase I, there is a weight shift, which begins at the first discernible trunk flexion (more than 0.05° in one frame of motion) and pelvis rotation, and continues until knee extension is initiated. Phase II is the transition, which

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Bernard Liew, Kevin Netto and Susan Morris

T-series, Oxford Metrics, UK), whilst GRF was collected at 2000 Hz (AMTI, Watertown, MA). A 7-segment lower body model (18 degrees of freedom [DOF]) was created using retro-reflective markers placed on anatomical landmarks, and cluster shells placed on limb segments. 21 The pelvis had 6 DOF