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Ali M. McManus, Nathan R. Sletten and Daniel J. Green

). Watts at maximum ranged from 68 to 148 W. Preexercise HR was 84 (8) beats·min −1 , and systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure were 104 (8) and 73 (7) mm Hg, respectively. Physiological responses and perceived exertion during and after the 2 exercise conditions are presented in Table  1

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Caoimhe Tiernan, Mark Lyons, Tom Comyns, Alan M. Nevill and Giles Warrington

in saliva, serum (blood), and urine. Salivary cortisol has been found to be a marker of physiological stress and may provide an understanding of physiological response from training and matches in team sports. 7 – 10 Saliva collection is noninvasive, time efficient, and easy to collect, indicating

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Erin Calaine Inglis, Danilo Iannetta, Louis Passfield and Juan M. Murias

, accessibility, and time constraints. Thus, field-test protocols are popular among cyclists because they are easily conducted with minimal equipment. Given the practical nature of field tests, they do not entail direct measurement of the physiological responses normally used to confirm the level of exertion (eg

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Paul S. Bradley and Jack D. Ade

, Bradley PS . Physiological response, time-motion characteristics, and reproducibility of various speed-endurance drills in elite youth soccer players: small-sided games versus generic running . Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2014 ; 9 ( 3 ): 471 – 479 . PubMed doi:10.1123/ijspp.2013-0390 10.1123/ijspp

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Rianne Costello, Mark E.T. Willems, Stephen D. Myers, Fiona Myers, Nathan A. Lewis, Ben J. Lee and Sam D. Blacker

physiological responses and femoral artery diameter during sustained isometric contraction . Nutrients, 9 ( 6 ), 556 . doi:10.3390/nu9060556. 10.3390/nu9060556 Cook , M.D. , & Willems , M.E.T. ( 2018 ). Dietary anthocyanins: A review of the exercise performance effects and related physiological

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Victor Silveira Coswig, Bianca Miarka, Daniel Alvarez Pires, Levy Mendes da Silva, Charles Bartel and Fabrício Boscolo Del Vecchio

findings, which includes the fact that different technical–tactical actions and professional athletes may also elicit different physical demands and physiological responses for a specific action and/or combat phase ( Coswig et al., 2016a , 2016b ; James et al., 2016 ; Lindsay et al., 2017 ). Sport

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Alfred Nimmerichter, Bernhard Prinz, Matthias Gumpenberger, Sebastian Heider and Klaus Wirth

ventilation) homeostasis, 4 , 5 and the different physiological responses to exercise above versus below CP have been repeatedly demonstrated (for reviews see 6 , 7 ). To estimate CP and W′ , linear and nonlinear 2-parameter models have been used. Traditionally, the power–duration relationship is

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Matteo Bonato, Antonio La Torre, Marina Saresella, Ivana Marventano, Giampiero Merati, Giuseppe Banfi and Jacopo A. Vitale

heart rate (HR), rating of perceived exertion, and blood lactate concentration depend on the type of SSGs. Studies comparing acute physiological response with HIIT and SSGs showed that the exercise intensity during SSGs is similar to that in HIIT of similar duration. 7 – 9 In general, small-format SSGs

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Theodore Kent Kessinger, Bridget Melton, Theresa Miyashita and Greg Ryan

training that could elicit the needed physiological response to RT for substantial muscular growth or adaptations. Increased training volume in subsequent training sessions, with adequate recovery time between sessions, could be an appropriate consideration, considering that it would be “day saving” and

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James M. Rhodes, Barry S. Mason, Thomas A.W. Paulson and Victoria L. Goosey-Tolfrey

competition in elite wheelchair rugby players . Int J Sports Physiol Perform . 2016 ; 12 ( 6 ): 777 – 782 . PubMed doi:10.1123/ijspp.2016-0218 27834572 10.1123/ijspp.2016-0218 10. Rampinini E , Impellizzeri FM , Castagna C , et al . Factors influencing physiological responses to small-sided soccer