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Philippe Richard and François Billaut

chronic RIPC represents a more effective training stress with regard to chronic adaptations and acute physiological response in elite speed skaters. Moreover, RIPC may be relevant in a short-track speed skating setting considering the greater ischemic stress observed in that sport compared with long

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Susana Cristina Araújo Póvoas, Peter Krustrup, Carlo Castagna, Pedro Miguel Ribeiro da Silva, Manuel J. Coelho-e-Silva, Rita Liliana Mendes Pereira and Malte Nejst Larsen

. Lancet . 2012 ; 380 ( 9838 ): 294 – 305 . PubMed ID: 22818941 doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60898-8 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60898-8 22818941 38. Krustrup P , Mohr M , Amstrup T , et al . The Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test: physiological response, reliability, and validity . Med Sci Sports Exerc

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Bareket Falk, Panagiota Klentrou, Neil Armstrong, Thomas Rowland and Han C.G. Kemper

insight on the effect of age on the cardiorespiratory and metabolic response to exercise. However, the major impetus to the study of children’s physiological responses to exercise was in the 1950s and 1960s and focused on the physical exercise capacity of healthy children (eg, 29 , 85 ). The inspiration

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Guillaume P. Ducrocq, Thomas J. Hureau, Olivier Meste and Grégory M. Blain

every minute during exercise using the Borg’s modified CR10 scale. 30 Processing of the Gas Exchange Data During exercise, breath-by-breath data were disrupted by occasional errant breaths (eg , swallows, coughs, sighs), which were not considered as part of the underlying physiological response to

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Jennifer K. Sansom and Beverly D. Ulrich

–95th percentile) [Data table of stature-for-age charts]. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/growthcharts/html_charts/bmiagerev.htm Church , T.S. , Earnest , C.P. , & Morss , G.M. ( 2002 ). Field testing of physiological responses associated with nordic walking . Research Quarterly for

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Jesús Seco-Calvo, Juan Mielgo-Ayuso, César Calvo-Lobo and Alfredo Córdova

doi:10.3389/fphys.2014.00247 10.3389/fphys.2014.00247 25071592 8. Wilcock IM , Cronin JB , Hing WA . Physiological response to water immersion: a method for sport recovery? Sports Med . 2006 ; 36 ( 9 ): 747 – 765 . http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16937951 . Accessed March 27, 2018

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Ray M. Merrill

on physical activity is illustrated in a cohort study of 372 children in the United States, where extreme hot or cold air temperature was associated with less physical activity. 11 This may be because physiological responses and endurance exercise capacity are impaired by extreme temperatures. 12 A

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Kate M. Sansum, Max E. Weston, Bert Bond, Emma J. Cockcroft, Amy O’Connor, Owen W. Tomlinson, Craig A. Williams and Alan R. Barker

value = true negatives / ( true negatives + false negatives ) . Results Table  1 presents the participants’ characteristics and physiological responses to the incremental and supramaximal tests by sex and body mass status. The males had a greater ramp test TTE ( P  < .001), ramp and supramaximal test

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David N. Borg, Ian B. Stewart, John O. Osborne, Christopher Drovandi, Joseph T. Costello, Jamie Stanley and Geoffrey M. Minett

While the physiological responses to heat-based training have been widely considered, 1 , 3 perceived responses, like the session rating of perceived exertion (session-RPE), have received limited attention. 1 Moreover, the effects of cold- and hot-water recoveries on TL during exertional heat stress

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Franziska Onasch, Anthony Killick and Walter Herzog

– 109 . 19. Hoffman MD , Clifford PS . Physiological responses to different cross country skiing techniques on level terrain . Med Sci Sports Exerc . 1990 ; 22 ( 6 ): 841 – 848 . PubMed 10.1249/00005768-199012000-00017 2287263 20. Hoffman MD , Clifford PS , Watts PB , et al