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Iñigo Mujika, Javier Orbañanos and Hugo Salazar

Paratriathlon will debut at the Rio 2016 Paralympic Games, but research documenting the physiological attributes and training practices of elite paratriathletes is lacking. This case study reports on the physiology and training of a long-distance worldchampion male paratriathlete (below-the-knee amputee) over 19 mo. His body mass and skinfolds declined respectively by ~4 kg and 30% in 2 mo and remained relatively constant thereafter. His swim test velocity increased by 4.4% over 6 mo but declined back to baseline thereafter. His absolute and relative cycling maximal aerobic power improved progressively by 21.8% and 32.6%, respectively. His power output at the individual lactate threshold (ILT) improved by 39.5% and 51.6%, and his power output at the onset of blood lactate accumulation (OBLA), by 59.7% and 73.4%. His maximal running aerobic velocity improved by 12.8%, and his velocity at ILT and OBLA increased by 38.9% and 44.9%, respectively. Over 84 wk he performed 813 training sessions (248 swim, 229 bike, 216 run, 120 strength), ie, 10 ± 3 sessions/week (mean ± SD). Swim, bike, and run volumes were 709 km (8 ± 3 km/wk), 519 h (6 ± 4 h/wk), and 164 h (2 ± 1 h/wk), respectively. Training at intensities below ILT, between ILT and OBLA, and above OBLA for swim were 82% ± 3%, 14% ± 1%, 4.4% ± 0.4%; for bike, 91% ± 3%, 6.2% ± 0.5%, 3.3% ± 0.3%; and for run, 88% ± 1%, 8.0% ± 0.3%, 3.5% ± 0.1%. The training volume for each discipline was lower than previously reported for competitive able-bodied Olympic-distance triathletes. He won the long-distance world championship in 8 h 14 min 47 s, nearly 30 min faster than his nearest competitor.

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Renate M. Leithäuser

, sport science can probably make an even greater difference. To use the above example of blind football again: This is internationally regarded as one of the Paralympic sports that has the greatest research needs in preparation for the Paralympic Games in Tokyo 2020. 1 If only 1% of money that goes into

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Hiroaki Hobara, Sakiko Saito, Satoru Hashizume, Hiroyuki Sakata and Yoshiyuki Kobayashi

. Spatiotemporal variables of able-bodied and amputee sprinters in men’s 100-m sprint . Int J Sports Med . 2015 ; 36 ( 6 ): 494 – 497 . PubMed ID: 25700099 doi:10.1055/s-0034-1387794 10.1055/s-0034-1387794 25700099 6. International Paralympic Committee . Rio 2016 Paralympic Games– Qualification Guide

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Brock Laschowski, Naser Mehrabi and John McPhee

Wheelchair curling debuted at the 2006 Paralympic Games. Competing athletes utilize the same stones and ice sheets as Olympic curlers, although sweeping (ie, using a broom to control the stone’s trajectory) is omitted and the stone must be pushed from a stationary wheelchair using a delivery stick

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Ben T. Stephenson, Eleanor Hynes, Christof A. Leicht, Keith Tolfrey and Victoria L. Goosey-Tolfrey

by the Loughborough University ethical advisory committee. All had regularly competed at international level for 2–7 years, with 6 competing at the 2016 Paralympic Games, and all reported being free from illness prior to the commencement of the study. Athletes’ typical weekly training volume was 11

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Cristiane B.B. Antonelli, Charlini S. Hartz, Sileno da Silva Santos and Marlene A. Moreno

The Paralympic Games are currently the world’s second largest sporting event, with wheelchair basketball (WCB) being a Paralympic sport since the first edition of Paralympic Games. 1 In addition, according to the International Wheelchair Basketball Federation, WCB is considered as one of the most

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Irineu Loturco, Lucas A. Pereira, Ciro Winckler, Weverton L. Santos, Ronaldo Kobal and Michael McGuigan

.1 [7.1] kg, and height: 134 [4.0] cm) athletes participated in this study. The sample comprised of 3 athletes who participated in the 2016 Paralympic Games (Rio 2016) and 9 athletes who participated in the 2017 World Paralympic Games (Mexico 2017), winning 1 silver medal at Rio 2016, and 1 gold, 1

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Kim Gammage, Rachel Arnold, Nicole Bolter, Angela Coppola, Thomas Curran, Lori Dithurbide, Karl Erickson, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Luc Martin and Kathleen Wilson

Invictus Games. To date, much of what we know from mass media images of parasport come from the Paralympic Games; thus, the present study sought to significantly extend current knowledge on media images of parasport by exploring the British Broadcasting Corporation coverage of the Invictus Games with

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Terri Graham-Paulson, Claudio Perret and Victoria Goosey-Tolfrey

. Well-trained/elite athletes are also likely to have greater motivation to perform maximal exercise ( Burke, 2008 ). The current case study provided a unique opportunity to investigate the effects of CAF in an elite paratriathlete. Presentation of the Sporting Issue At the London 2012 Paralympic Games

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Javier Yanci, Daniel Castillo, Aitor Iturricastillo, Tomás Urbán and Raúl Reina

, international tournaments are organized by the IFCPF (ie, Continental championships, World tournaments, and U-19 championships) and by the International Paralympic Committee or its regional organization (ie, Paralympic Games, Parapan American Games, ASEAN Para Games, or European Para Games). Considering this