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Jessica L. Chandler, Keith Brazendale, Clemens Drenowatz, Justin B. Moore, Xuemei Sui, Robert G. Weaver and Michael W. Beets

attending summer day camps, annually. 2 – 4 Because of their extensive reach and allocation of time for physical activity (PA) opportunities (eg, recess, physical education, outdoor free time), these settings have been the primary settings where interventions to increase PA are delivered. One of the

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Lindsey M. Russo, Megan W. Harvey, Penelope Pekow and Lisa Chasan-Taber

gestational age infants have been associated with an increased risk of cesarean delivery. 8 Because physical activity during pregnancy reduces risk of these adverse maternal outcomes, 9 it thereby may be associated with a decreased risk for cesarean delivery. In addition, physical activity has a positive

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Rebecca Reynolds, Santhya and David Menzies

from representative agencies come together to plan, coordinate, and advocate change. 3 Physical activity alliances are important aspects of physical activity public health, 4 but there are not many in existence globally. One ongoing example is the National Coalition for Promoting Physical Activity in

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Catrine Tudor-Locke and Elroy J. Aguiar

Ambulation (stepping) is an essential component of many activities of daily living (e.g., household chores, active transport), with walking being the most commonly reported physical activity choice across the globe ( Hulteen et al., 2017 ). As such, step counting has become a standard measurement

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David R. Bassett, Patty S. Freedson and Dinesh John

Wearable activity trackers, devices that measure physical activity under free-living conditions, are part of a rapidly growing trend in medicine. In 2016, Fitbit Inc. was reported to have a 79% market share in wearable activity trackers ( The NPD Group, 2016 ) and shipped 22.5 million units

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Mirko Brandes, Berit Steenbock and Norman Wirsik

To effectively estimate energy expenditure (EE) of physical activity in children, Ridley et al 1 developed the Compendium of Energy Expenditure for Youth (CEEY). The compendium designates metabolic equivalents (METs) to a broad compilation of everyday activities performed by youth. METs are

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David A. Ferrer and Rebecca Ellis

Living a physically active lifestyle is recommended for people of all ages. Participation in regular physical activity is associated with the reduction of chronic diseases such as breast and colon cancer, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, osteoporosis, stroke, depression, and obesity. 1

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Steve Amireault, John M. Baier and Jonathan R. Spencer

Physical activity is one of the most effective strategies to promote healthy aging. Regular engagement in physical activity is associated with reduced risk of falls and chronic diseases (e.g., cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, osteoporosis, breast and colon cancers); heightened mitigation

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Stephanie Mazzucca, Derek Hales, Kelly R. Evenson, Alice Ammerman, Deborah F. Tate, Diane C. Berry and Dianne S. Ward

Regular participation in physical activity and reducing sedentary time are important for young children’s short- and long-term health and development, including cardiovascular health, 1 – 4 aerobic fitness, 5 healthy weight development, 2 , 5 – 8 gross motor skills, 9 – 12 and bone health. 13

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Matthew O. Fullmer, Carol Wilkinson, Keven A. Prusak, Dennis Eggett and Todd Pennington

Due, in part, to leisure-time inactivity, obesity and related chronic health issues effect the lives of many adolescents in the United States ( Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015a ; Currie et al., 2012 ). Participating regularly in physical activity is a key factor in maintaining