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Hans-Georg Palm, Oliver Waitz, Johannes Strobel, Jens Metrikat, Birgit Hay and Benedikt Friemert

There is clear evidence that vision contributes to stabilizing posture and that large quantities of alcohol affect balance. It has, however, not yet been investigated whether and how the consumption of low doses of ethanol affects postural control and the visual system. The purpose of this study was therefore to assess the influence of low-dose alcohol intake on balance. After having performed stability tests in a sober condition, 26 healthy males were instructed to consume 0.32 g of ethanol/kg body weight. At predefined time points, blood samples were collected and stability index scores were calculated using computerized dynamic posturography. Thirty minutes after ethanol intake, blood alcohol levels reached a mean peak of 0.037%. Whereas the ability to maintain balance significantly deteriorated during eyes-open testing, it surprisingly did not decrease during eyes-closed testing. Apparently, the visual system is particularly affected by ethanol and plays a major role in maintaining postural stability.

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Scott A. Graupensperger, Alex J. Benson and M. Blair Evans

of engaging include driving under the influence of alcohol (e.g.,  Nelson & Wechsler, 2001 ), recreational drug use (e.g.,  Egan, Erausquin, Milroy, & Wyrick, 2016 ), performance-enhancing drug use ( Buckman, Farris, & Yusko, 2013 ), and concealing concussion symptoms to remain in play ( Chinn

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David J. Dziedzicki, Lindsey E. Eberman, Leamor Kahanov, Heather Mata, Andrew J. Niemann and Heather M. Adams

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Susan J. Grossman and Joe Gieck

A new model for substance abuse prevention for athletic teams is described. This model employs the concept of peer education but has each team elect members they regard as leaders to become the peer educators. These student athletes are then trained to work as internal resources for their respective teams. Their roles include serving as resources for teammates who may already suffer from AOD problems. An equally important role is as a prevention specialist in helping to arrange presentations on issues that are pertinent to a particular team. In order for this model to run effectively, certain elements must be built in from the outset. These include ongoing support from the athletic director, an AOD prevention professional to administer the program who is not directly connected to the athletic department, and anonymity and confidentiality for the athletes recruited as peer educators.

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Gina L. Trakman, Adrienne Forsyth, Kane Middleton, Russell Hoye, Sarah Jenner, Stephen Keenan and Regina Belski

six unidimensional subsections: weight management ( n  = 12), macronutrients ( n  = 30), micronutrients ( n  = 13), sports nutrition ( n  = 13), supplementation ( n  = 13), and alcohol ( n  = 8). The sports nutrition section includes items on hydration ( n  = 4) and nutrition before ( n  = 1), during

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Matthew Lamont and Sheranne Fairley

( Crocket, 2016 ) and the infamous end-of-season “Mad Monday” celebrations in Australia, which often attract media attention stemming from professional football players’ alcohol-fueled misdemeanors ( McIntyre, 2015 ). Despite their potential to shape both the social co-construction of event experiences and

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Moira Lafferty and Caroline Wakefield

information, binge drinking, completing onerous tasks, and sexual conquests as examples of nonphysical initiation activities that could be classified as hazing. Of real concern to all those working to combat hazing and initiation activities is the role of alcohol and the associated direct and indirect health

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Ben Desbrow, Katelyn Barnes, Gregory R. Cox, Elizaveta Iudakhina, Danielle McCartney, Sierra Skepper, Caroline Young and Chris Irwin

to result in an increase to ad libitum fluid intakes, both during ( Passe et al., 2004 ) and following exercise ( Campagnolo et al., 2017 ; Wilmore et al., 1998 ). However, athletes may seek alternative fluid options following exercise, including beverages that contain alcohol (particularly at the

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Kendahl Shortway, Marina Oganesova and Andrew Vincent

related to sexual assault, including what constitutes as consent, vary by state. In all cases, a victim lacked capacity to consent if the person was under the influence of alcohol or other drugs and thereby incapacitated. We encourage practitioners to use a guide provided by the Rape, Abuse and Incest

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André O. Werneck, Edilson S. Cyrino, Paul J. Collings, Enio R.V. Ronque, Célia L. Szwarcwald, Luís B. Sardinha and Danilo R. Silva

Participants further reported how many days per week they usually consumed alcohol and smoked tobacco; participants were classified as alcohol drinkers if they drank alcohol ≥4 day weekly and smokers if they smoked at least 1 day per week. With regard to diet, participants reported how many days per week they