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Hiroshi Takasaki, Yu Okubo and Shun Okuyama

-group difference in postintervention score, a target of 150°) Furuya et al 30 Responded RCT n = 30 (from 19 patients) • PNF (n = 14) • Control (n = 16) Eligibility • Patients undergoing knee arthroplasty (3 wk after the surgery) • Exclusion criteria: diseases of central nervous system, history of medical diagnosis

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Melissa Jack, Ryan Tierney, Jamie Mansell and Anne Russ

Efficacy of myofascial trigger point dry needling in the prevention of pain after total knee arthroplasty: a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial Effectiveness of trigger point dry needling for plantar heel pain: a randomized controlled trial Study Participants N  = 52 N  = 39 N  = 40 N

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Marion Kellermann, Christoph Lutter and Thilo Hotfiel

quantifiable perfusion analysis. 17 – 19 Until now, quantifiable CEUS was utilized to evaluate deltoid muscle perfusion after minimally invasive or open fracture fixation and after reverse shoulder arthroplasty, 15 , 20 to determine skeletal muscle blood flow after application of a focal junctional

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José Messias Rodrigues da Silva, Marcia Uchoa de Rezende, Tânia Carvalho Spada, Lucila da Silva Francisco, Helenilson Pereira dos Santos, Robson de Andrade Souza, Júlia Maria D'Andréa Greve and Emmanuel Gomes Ciolac

functional performance and altered lower limb loading distribution commonly observed in older subjects with total knee arthroplasty or KOA. 21 , 22 On the other hand, regular practice of exercises has been reported as a safe and effective intervention to improve functional performance, lower limb loading

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Justin L. Rush, Lindsey K. Lepley, Steven Davi and Adam S. Lepley

arthroplasty. 24 , 25 Theoretically, excitability of the areas directly below the electrodes can be manipulated, which may potentially increase neural activity to the peripheral muscle being used. As mentioned above, patients with ACLR exhibit deficits in excitability of the motor cortex, therefore, the

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Daniël M. van Leeuwen, Fabian van de Bunt, Cornelis J. de Ruiter, Natasja M. van Schoor, Dorly J.H. Deeg and Kaj S. Emanuel

-contraction during walking before and after arthroplasty for knee osteoarthritis . Clinical Biomechanics, 27 ( 5 ), 485 – 494 . PubMed doi:10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2011.11.006 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2011.11.006 Folland , J.P. , & Williams , A.G. ( 2007 ). Methodological issues with the interpolated twitch

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Jaclyn Megan Sions, Elisa Sarah Arch and John Robert Horne

rehabilitation . Can J Diabetes . 2016 ; 40 : 336 – 341 . PubMed doi:10.1016/j.jcjd.2016.02.003 27052673 10.1016/j.jcjd.2016.02.003 50. de Groot IB , Bussmann HJ , Stam HJ , Verhaar JA . Small increase of actual physical activity 6 months after total hip or knee arthroplasty . Clin Orthop Relat

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Irfan A. Khan and Kelley D. Henderson

, may be a viable nonoperative treatment; or, at a minimum, the knee brace use may delay the need for a total knee arthroplasty (TKA). 2 Brand et al. 7 found brace compliance is good, with the majority of the participants in their study wearing the brace for 2–6 hr/day, while Ostrander et al. 2 saw

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Aaron Sciascia, Jacob Waldecker and Cale Jacobs

Arthroplasty . 2017 ; 32 ( 12 ): 3603 – 3606 . PubMed ID: 28739309 doi:10.1016/j.arth.2017.06.053 10.1016/j.arth.2017.06.053 4. Wylie JD , Suter T , Potter MQ , Granger EK , Tashjian RZ . Mental health has a stronger association with patient-reported shoulder pain and function than tear size in

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Jesse C. Christensen, Caitlin J. Miller, Ryan D. Burns and Hugh S. West

. Outpatient rehabilitation care process factors and clinical outcomes among patients discharged home following unilateral total knee arthroplasty . J Arthroplasty . 2015 ; 30 ( 5 ): 885 – 890 . PubMed ID: 25765128 doi:10.1016/j.arth.2014.12.013 10.1016/j.arth.2014.12.013 25765128 17. Fritz JM , Hunter