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Jeroen de Bruijn, Henk van der Worp, Mark Korte, Astrid de Vries, Rick Nijland and Michel Brink

.2006.026609 7. Coyle EF , Hemmert MK , Coggan AR . Effects of detraining on cardiovascular responses to exercise: role of blood volume . J Appl Physiol . 1986 ; 60 ( 1 ): 95 – 98 . PubMed doi:10.1063/1.337634 10.1152/jappl.1986.60.1.95 3944049 8. Wittink H , Engelbert R , Takken T

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Mauricio Castro-Sepulveda, Jorge Cancino, Rodrigo Fernández-Verdejo, Cristian Pérez-Luco, Sebastian Jannas-Vela, Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, Juan Del Coso and Hermann Zbinden-Foncea

 al., 2005 ). However, the identification of individual sweat Na + losses during soccer practices and matches might lead to a correct replenishment of Na + that, ultimately, would help in maintaining blood volume, thermoregulation, and performance ( Del Coso et al., 2008 ; Strazzullo & Leclercq, 2014

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Cody R. Smith, Cory L. Butts, J.D. Adams, Matthew A. Tucker, Nicole E. Moyen, Matthew S. Ganio and Brendon P. McDermott

20f57 6. Rowell LB , Marx HJ , Bruce RA , Conn RD , Kusumi F . Reductions in cardiac output, central blood volume, and stroke volume with thermal stress in normal men during exercise . J Clin Invest . 1966 ; 45 ( 11 ): 1801 – 1816 . PubMed doi:10.1172/JCI105484 5926447 10.1172/JCI

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Jose Morales, Carla Ubasart, Mónica Solana-Tramunt, Israel Villarrasa-Sapiña, Luis-Millán González, David Fukuda and Emerson Franchini

severe energy restriction or dehydration by plastic suits and sauna usage, 3 that may have negative health consequences. 4 Potential health implications of RWL include cardiovascular problems due to plasma and blood volume reduction, 5 chronic hormonal imbalances, immune suppression, 6 mood

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Mindy Millard-Stafford, Ann E. Swanson and Matthew T. Wittbrodt

cardiorespiratory capacity. 21 After “removing” the impact of fat/load carriage, the residual male advantage in swimming 400 m remains at ∼8% (Figure  2 ). Numerous factors may account for this. Lower absolute cardiorespiratory capacity due to: reduced hemoglobin mass, blood volume, heart/lung size relative to

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Zachary K. Winkelmann, Ethan J. Roberts and Kenneth E. Games

tissue flexibility. Indurations are increased fibrous elements, which are created following physical activity. Physical activity creates a state of hypoxia, which reduces blood volume in the muscle and the creation of fibroblast. As a result, this is the rationale for using physically active individuals

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Iván Chulvi-Medrano, Moisés Picón-Martínez, Juan Manuel Cortell-Tormo, Juan Tortosa-Martínez, Diego Alexandre Alonso-Aubin and Yasser Alakhdar

exercise . Br J Sports Med . 2009 ; 43 ( 4 ): 280 – 283 . PubMed ID: 19019906 doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2008.053165 19019906 7. Kubo K , Ikebukuro T , Yaeshima K , Yata H , Tsunoda N , Kanehisa H . Effects of static and dynamic training on the stiffness and blood volume of tendon in vivo . J

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Nicki Winfield Almquist, Gertjan Ettema, James Hopker, Øyvind Sandbakk and Bent R. Rønnestad

, Sugiura T , Katayama K , et al . Changes in blood volume and oxygenation level in a working muscle during a crank cycle . Med Sci Sports Exerc . 2002 ; 34 ( 3 ): 520 – 528 . PubMed ID: 11880818 doi:10.1097/00005768-200203000-00020 10.1097/00005768-200203000-00020 15. Hansen EA , Ronnestad BR

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Nick Dobbin, Jamie Highton, Samantha L. Moss and Craig Twist

interventions in team-sport athletes. Improvements in submaximal HR mean and HRR in both SIT r/s and SIT r are associated with improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness 25 including increases in stroke volume, cardiac output, blood volume, 12 and reductions in sympathetic activity. 25 The mean change in

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Tiago Turnes, Rogério S.O. Cruz, Fabrizio Caputo and Rafael A. De Aguiar

278 10.1249/MSS.0b013e31818cb278 19092709 34. Rothstein H , Sutton A , Borenstein M . Publication Bias in Meta-Analysis. The Trim and Fill Method . West Sussex, UK : Wiley ; 2005 . 10.1002/0470870168 35. Gore CJ , Hopkins WG , Burge CM . Errors of measurement for blood volume