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Bouwien Smits-Engelsman, Wendy Aertssen and Emmanuel Bonney

it recognizes agility as an open motor skill requiring sufficient physical and cognitive abilities for improved performance. Therefore, with this new test, the clinician would be able to identify specific components of agility that are compromised. Once deficits in agility are detected, effective

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Jacinta M. Saldaris, Grant J. Landers and Brendan S. Lay

function simplicity. The cMSIT may require a simpler motor response in comparison with the other 2 cognitive tasks used in the study. Alternatively, as executive control is comprised by many cognitive abilities, each may be affected by environmental and physiological stressors differently, while they may

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Breanna E. Studenka and Kodey Myers

of movement selection and movement programming, and cognitive abilities, such as reasoning, working memory, and procedural memory. References Aldridge , M.A. , Stone , K.R. , Sweeney , M.H. , & Bower , T.G.R. ( 2000 ). Preverbal children with autism understand the intentions of others

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Camilo Sáenz-Moncaleano, Itay Basevitch and Gershon Tenenbaum

players can be used to better capture the development of expertise. In addition, this field of study must focus on applying the knowledge from this and future studies to develop better training methods that help young players enhance their perceptual-cognitive abilities by mimicking the gaze behaviors

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Natalie Frost, Michael Weinborn, Gilles E. Gignac, Shaun Markovic, Stephanie R. Rainey-Smith, Hamid R. Sohrabi, Ralph N. Martins, Jeremiah J. Peiffer and Belinda M. Brown

cardiorespiratory fitness that is the strongest protective factor. Executive Functioning, Physical Activity, and Fitness Executive functions are defined as higher level control processes that coordinate other cognitive abilities ( Miyake et al., 2000 ). Within the literature, five subdomains of executive function

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Athanasios Papaioannou, Dimitrios Milosis and Christos Gotzaridis

. For example, Galen (180 A.D.) explained why “ball games train cognitive abilities and skills such as attention, planning and critical thinking and simultaneously provide pleasure to improve health and excel in life” (as cited in Miller, 2012 , p. 122). Reinvesting on these forgotten ideas using

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Chien-Chih Chou, Kuan-Chou Chen, Mei-Yao Huang, Hsin-Yu Tu and Chung-Ju Huang

. ( 2013 ). The influence of exercise on cognitive abilities . Comprehensive Physiology, 3, 403 – 428 . PubMed ID: 23720292 doi: 10.1002/cphy.c110063 Graham , G. , Holt/Hale , S.A. , & Parker , M. ( 2012 ). Children moving: A reflective approach to teaching physical education with movement

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Femke van Abswoude, John van der Kamp and Bert Steenbergen

participation in sports, physical activity, and activities of daily living. In this respect, it is increasingly recognized that motor learning interventions should be tailored to the children’s individual motor and cognitive abilities and constraints ( Chow, Davids, Button, & Renshaw, 2015 ). At present

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Stephanie Field, Jeff Crane, Patti-Jean Naylor and Viviene Temple

of perceived unknown control, which reflected a lack of understanding of the sources contributing to their physical competence. Through learning and practice, we expect that motor skills will become more proficient during middle childhood. Further, as children’s cognitive abilities develop in middle

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Pai-Yun Cheng, Hsiao-Feng Chieh, Chien-Ju Lin, Hsiu-Yun Hsu, Jia-Jin J. Chen, Li-Chieh Kuo and Fong-Chin Su

of healthy young adults (25.20 ± 4.13 years old) was recruited as the young adult group. All older adult subjects were given the Mini-Mental State Examination prior to the experiment, and the scores indicated that their cognitive abilities were normal (average score: 29.73 ± 0.80). All subjects were