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Katherine A. Beals and Melinda M. Manore

This study examined the prevalence of and relationship between the disorders of the female athlete triad in collegiate athletes participating in aesthetic, endurance, or team/anaerobic sports. Participants were 425 female collegiate athletes from 7 universities across the United States. Disordered eating, menstrual dysfunction, and musculoskeletal injuries were assessed by a health/medical, dieting and menstrual history questionnaire, the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26), and the Eating Disorder Inventory Body Dissatisfaction Subscale (EDI-BD). The percentage of athletes reporting a clinical diagnosis of anorexia and bulimia nervosa was 3.3% and 2.3%, respectively; mean (±SD) EAT and EDI-BD scores were 10.6 ± 9.6 and 9.8 ± 7.6, respectively. The percentage of athletes with scores indicating “at-risk” behavior for an eating disorder were 15.2% using the EAT-26 and 32.4% using the EDI-BD. A similar percentage of athletes in aesthetic, endurance, and team/anaerobic sports reported a clinical diagnosis of anorexia or bulimia. However, athletes in aesthetic sports scored higher on the EAT-26 (13.5 ± 10.9) than athletes in endurance (10.0 ± 9.3) or team/anaerobic sports (9.9 ± 9.0, p < .02); and more athletes in aesthetic versus endurance or team/anaerobic sports scored above the EAT-26 cut-off score of 20 (p < .01). Menstrual irregularity was reported by 31% of the athletes not using oral contraceptives, and there were no group differences in the prevalence of self-reported menstrual irregularity. Muscle and bone injuries sustained during the collegiate career were reported by 65.9% and 34.3% of athletes, respectively, and more athletes in aesthetic versus endurance and team/anaerobic sports reported muscle (p = .005) and/or bone injuries (p < .001). Athletes “at risk” for eating disorders more frequently reported menstrual irregularity (p = .004) and sustained more bone injuries (p = .003) during their collegiate career. These data indicate that while the prevalence of clinical eating disorders is low in female collegiate athletes, many are “at risk” for an eating disorder, which places them at increased risk for menstrual irregularity and bone injuries.

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Pooja Somasundaram and Alexandra M. Burgess

presentation of disordered eating attitudes and behaviors among this understudied group may facilitate the development of prevention and intervention programs targeting the large number of amateur level female athletes. Perfectionism and Disordered Eating Symptomology In understanding the presentation of

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Uta Kraus, Sophie Clara Holtmann and Tanja Legenbauer

LWR and HWR. Interestingly, sex impacted the results: more dysfunctional eating related attitudes (assessed via the Eating Attitude Test, Garner & Garfinkel, 1979 ) in female rowers compared to male ones emerged, whereas male rowers reported more weight fluctuations. Contradicting Sykora and

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Lindsay E. Kipp, Nicole D. Bolter and Alison Phillips Reichter

have been demonstrated with 8- to 15-year-olds (eg,  7 , 9 ). Disordered Eating Eating attitudes and behaviors were assessed with the dieting subscale (7 items) of the Children’s Eating Attitude Test ( 29 ). Example items include “I feel very guilty after eating” and “I have been dieting.” Responses

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Sasha Gorrell and Drew A. Anderson

-report questionnaire that assesses disordered eating attitudes and behaviors over the previous 28 days. Responses on 28 items are on a 7- point scale, which are anchored by 0 ( no days ) and 6 ( every day ), and higher scores reflect greater eating-related pathology. The measure provides a Global score and four

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Jenny H. Conviser, Amanda Schlitzer Tierney and Riley Nickols

, including: the Eating Attitude Test (EAT-26; Garner, Olmsted, Bohr, & Garfinkel, 1982 ), SCOFF ( Morgan, Reid, & Lacey, 1999 ), Eating Disorder Questionnaire (EDE-Q; Fairburn & Beglin, 2008 ), Binge Eating Scale (BES; Gormally, Black, Daston, & Rardin, 1982 ), Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ; Cooper

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Justine Chatterton, Trent A. Petrie, Keke L. Schuler and Camilo Ruggero

A Test of an Etiological Model: Disordered Eating in Male Collegiate Athletes Male athletes are at risk for developing eating disorders (ED) as well as disordered eating attitudes and behaviors, such as bulimic symptomatology, due to general sociocultural ideals about body and appearance, and sport

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Hayley Perelman, Joanna Buscemi, Elizabeth Dougherty and Alissa Haedt-Matt

’s alpha = .96 and it is highly correlated with the Eating Attitudes Test ( r  = .69), indicating adequate convergent validity. Research also suggests that this measure is appropriate to use in men by changing “women” to “men” in any necessary questions ( Morry & Staska, 2001 ). Cronbach’s alpha for the

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Abby L. Cheng, John A. Merlo, Devyani Hunt, Ted Yemm, Robert H. Brophy and Heidi Prather

soccer athletes at risk for disordered eating attitudes, menstrual dysfunction, and stress fractures? PM R . 2016 ; 8 ( 3 ): 208 – 213 . PubMed ID: 26188245 doi: 10.1016/j.pmrj.2015.07.003 26188245

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rhetoric of participation and inclusivity. Teammate influences on the eating attitudes and behaviors of female athletes Scott, C. L., Haycraft, E., and Plateau, C. R. School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, UK Prevalence rates for disordered eating and compulsive exercise