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Keren Susan Cherian, Ashok Sainoji, Balakrishna Nagalla and Venkata Ramana Yagnambhatt

that the energy density of diet needs to be improved with increasing age and not adopting the “one portion size fits all” approach. Despite excess consumption of carbohydrates, its intake pretraining, during training, and posttraining was not meeting the requirements of JSPs. Further, the percent

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Rachel Massie, James Smallcombe and Keith Tolfrey

increased energy density of food” ( 24 ) (p. 1376). The use of 2 complimentary measures in this study was an important addition to the study to provide an overall view of EI compensation and assess coherence from objectively measured buffet meals days and estimates of free-living EI (digital photographs

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Dana M. Lis, Daniel Kings and D. Enette Larson-Meyer

-and-Field Athletes Meeting but not exceeding energy needs is a foundation of sports nutrition. Difficulty in meeting energy requirements on a vegetarian diet may be due to food choices that are excessively high in fiber or of low energy density some track-and-field athletes are poorly prepared to make healthy

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Ida A. Heikura, Arja L.T. Uusitalo, Trent Stellingwerff, Dan Bergland, Antti A. Mero and Louise M. Burke

-Borgen , J. , & Sjodin , A. ( 2016 ). Low-energy density and high fiber intake are dietary concerns in female endurance athletes . Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 26 ( 9 ), 1060 – 1071 . PubMed ID: 26148242 doi:10.1111/sms.12516 10.1111/sms.12516 Melin , A. , Tornberg , A

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Shona L. Halson, Louise M. Burke and Jeni Pearce

specific training/event requirements, there may need to be additional focus on fuel needs, energy concerns (e.g., provision of low energy density options, portion control), or the provision of at-risk nutrients (e.g., calcium, iron). • With large groups, special needs of some individuals (e

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Jennifer Sygo, Alicia Kendig Glass, Sophie C. Killer and Trent Stellingwerff

, but strategic caloric manipulation that prioritizes lower energy density, higher nutrient food choices, and timing of the ingestion of CHO and PRO, along with event-specific strength work, can help athletes to control BM gains that may decrease power-to-weight ratio. Ideally, any changes in BM that do

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Margo Mountjoy, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen, Louise Burke, Kathryn E. Ackerman, Cheri Blauwet, Naama Constantini, Constance Lebrun, Bronwen Lundy, Anna Melin, Nanna Meyer, Roberta Sherman, Adam S. Tenforde, Monica Klungland Torstveit and Richard Budgett

characteristics that often co-exist with LEA and may exacerbate its effects (e.g., high intake of fibre, stimulants and artificial sweeteners; low energy density foods; high dietary restraint, poor spread of energy within a day) ( Barron et al., 2016 ; Gaskins et al., 2009 ; Heikura et al., 2017 ; Melin et

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Louise M. Burke, Asker E. Jeukendrup, Andrew M. Jones and Martin Mooses

personal tolerance of limited food variety, and reduced satiety/hunger. • The diet can be integrated with a carbohydrate-loading protocol and may even assist with the achievement of targets for large amounts of carbohydrate intake due to the increased energy density of food choices. • Meals and snacks