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  • Psychology and Behavior in Sport/Exercise x
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Salih A. Salih, Nancye M. Peel, Di Enright and Wendy Marshall

there were significant improvements in the measured functional status at discharge from TCP, including PA level. Less time was spent being sedentary and the ‘uptime’ was significantly increased by 27.1% on discharge (mean difference 45 minutes SEM 18 minutes). The majority of clients attained or

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Guy C. Wilson, Yorgi Mavros, Lotti Tajouri and Maria Fiatarone Singh

) (frailty) (functional independence) (performance based test) (SPPB) (short physical performance battery) (TUG) (timed up and go) (walking speed) (gait velocity) (ambulation) (tandem walk) (tandem stand) (one legged stand) (forward reach) (lateral sway) (functional status) Note . Search terms: 88 search

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Renata V. Pedroso, Carlos Ayán, Francisco J. Fraga, Thays M.V. da Silva, José M. Cancela and Ruth F. Santos-Galduròz

few studies have tested the efficacy of functional-task training on cognitively impaired populations and have found improvements in the cognitive function, ADL performance, and the functional status among institutionalized people with dementia ( Law, Barnett, Yau, & Gray, 2014 ; Littbrand, Lundin

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Brett D. Tarca, Thomas P. Wycherley, Paul Bennett, Anthony Meade and Katia E. Ferrar

function and the modifiable factors will also be explored. Findings from this review may assist in the development of evidence-based assessment batteries to monitor and predict future functional status or inform the development of exercise-based interventions to promote improved physical function in this

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Rebekka Pomiersky, Bastian Abel, Christian Werner, André Lacroix, Klaus Pfeiffer, Martina Schäufele and Klaus Hauer

the more general effects on the habitual PA behavior. Descriptive and predictor variables Demographic and clinical characteristics, including age, gender, multimorbidity (Cumulative Illness Rating Scale [CIRS]; Parmelee, Thuras, Katz, & Lawton, 1995 ), and functional status (Barthel Index; Mahoney

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Giovanni Mario Pes, Maria Pina Dore, Alessandra Errigo and Michel Poulain

this study, daily physical activity and its relationships with functional status were assessed in free-living nonagenarians from the village of Villagrande (Sardinia), a well-known longevity area. The study may contribute to the planning of activity programs able to improve physical performance in

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Susana Carrapatoso, Greet Cardon, Delfien Van Dyck, Joana Carvalho and Freja Gheysen

relations inherent to exercise participation are associated with subjective well-being in older adults ( McAuley et al., 2000 ). Moreover, poor functional status is one of the most important cause of late-life depressive symptoms ( Blazer & Hybels, 2005 ), which could be reverted by the participation on

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Catherine E. Tong, Joanie Sims Gould and Heather A. McKay

improve participants’ self-assessed quality of life ( Rejeski & Mihalko, 2001 ). Engagement in low-intensity PA can improve functional status and contribute to “disability-free life expectancy” ( Feinglass et al., 2005 , p. 879). This emphasis on low-intensity PA is consistent with Taylor et al.’s ( 2008

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Claire L. Cleland, Sara Ferguson, Paul McCrorie, Jasper Schipperijn, Geraint Ellis and Ruth F. Hunter

data processing ( Migueles et al., 2017 ). Furthermore, older adults can be heterogeneous in terms of age and/or health/functional status potentially requiring even more detailed supplementary guidance. Table 1 Criteria Considerations During the Data Processing Stage of an Accelerometry Study Criteria

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Timothy J. Walker, Jessica M. Tullar, Pamela M. Diamond, Harold W. Kohl III and Benjamin C. Amick III

helpful to better design physical activity components of worksite health promotion programs to help reduce presenteeism. Muscle-strengthening exercises can help maintain muscle and bone health as well as enhance functional status. 5 Muscle-strengthening activities have also been shown to improve body