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Nobuaki Tottori, Tadashi Suga, Yuto Miyake, Ryo Tsuchikane, Mitsuo Otsuka, Akinori Nagano, Satoshi Fujita and Tadao Isaka

Superior sprint performance is achieved through the generation of large moments by the muscles crossing the hip, knee, and ankle joints ( 29 ). The magnitudes of these moments are primarily determined by agonist muscle size ( 2 , 11 , 12 , 20 , 32 ). In fact, trunk and lower limb muscles are larger

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Daniel Boullosa

years later, it would seem that this is a novel idea given the recent discussion on the absence of contribution of muscle size on strength. 2 , 3 Some time later, in the earlier 1990s, we were very lucky because Mr Rotea started the first course for coaches of the Spanish Olympic Committee. The teacher

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Danny M. Pincivero, Rachael R. Polen and Brittany N. Byrd

resonance imaging and/or diagnostic ultrasound. 6 – 8 Previous studies have consistently demonstrated positive and moderate to strong linear correlations between these measures of muscle size and maximal effort voluntary isometric force production. 1 , 2 , 7 , 9 Such an approach has been used to identify

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Jordan Jacobson, Cale Chaltron, David Sherman and Neal R. Glaviano

disease-oriented in nature and included strength and muscle size. Strength was defined as maximum isotonic strength (one-repetition maximum [1-RM]) or maximum voluntary isometric/isokinetic contractions (MVICs). Muscle size was defined in included studies by muscle cross-sectional area (CSA), muscle mass

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Theodore Kent Kessinger, Bridget Melton, Theresa Miyashita and Greg Ryan

performed all exercises utilized in the training intervention and were free from any existing musculoskeletal disorders or history of injury, and free from anabolic steroids or illegal agents known to increase muscle size. All subjects have practiced RT for at least 3 y without interruption. Back squat

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Kosuke Kojima, Christopher L. Brammer, Tyler D. Sossong, Takashi Abe and Joel M. Stager

thickness at 9 sites of the body; Experience, competitive swimming experience; %Fat, percentage of body fat; MTT sum , sum of muscle tissue thickness at 9 sites; SMM, skeletal muscle mass. *Significant difference between weeks 0 and 11 ( P  < .05). Anthropometric, Body Composition, and Muscle Size and Mass

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Grant E. Norte, Katherine R. Knaus, Chris Kuenze, Geoffrey G. Handsfield, Craig H. Meyer, Silvia S. Blemker and Joseph M. Hart

meaningful information. However, these techniques rely on the extrapolation of findings to estimate total muscle volumes, which may be inaccurate for understanding patient-specific muscle size. Similarly, more sophisticated estimates of muscle cross-sectional area using computed tomography or MRI are limited

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Talyene G.C. Corrêa, Stephanie V.S. Donato, Kauê C.A. Lima, Ronaldo V. Pereira, Mehmet Uygur and Paulo Barbosa de Freitas

have shown that males are stronger than females, which is mainly due to the sex-related differences in muscle size (e.g.,  Behm & Sale, 1994 ; Frontera, Hughes, Lutz, & Evans, 1991 ; Hannah, Minshull, Buckthorpe, & Folland, 2012 ; Inglis, Vandenboom, & Gabriel, 2013 ; Miller, MacDougall

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Brett D. Tarca, Thomas P. Wycherley, Paul Bennett, Anthony Meade and Katia E. Ferrar

is not a universally agreed definition of exercise modifiable physical factors, the research team included any predictor outcomes that measured the constructs: cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular strength (including proxy measures such as muscle mass and muscle size which are well established

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Mark A. Sutherlin, L. Colby Mangum, Jay Hertel, Susan A. Saliba and Joseph M. Hart

-emptive abdominal activation during a loaded functional reach activity . Spine . 2014 ; 39 ( 2 ): E89 – E96 . PubMed ID: 24153166 doi:10.1097/BRS.0000000000000091 10.1097/BRS.0000000000000091 24153166 7. Sweeney N , O’sullivan C , Kelly G . Multifidus muscle size and percentage thickness changes among