Drawing on 251 incident reports, this study explores American football fans’ decisions to rush the field to celebrate a victory despite pleas from university officials and the police to abstain. We explore the symbolic interactions through which students defined this situation and acted within it. Our findings characterize this event as series of ongoing interactions wherein meaning and action are continually (re)negotiated. Campus rumors normalized the act of rushing by locating it and the student role within local tradition. Through interactions with other students in the stadium and by drawing on knowledge of prior sports tragedies, fans assessed the risks of participating and selected among lines of action ranging from “going to be with others” and “getting out of the way” to “going with the flow.” Ultimately, however, public address announcements, the loss of bodily control, and the inability to direct other people’s actions aligned competing definitions of the situation into one of emergency. We conclude by discussing the theoretical and practical implications of these findings.
Daniel G. Renfrow, Terrence L. Wissick and Christopher M. Guard
Heather Sykes and Deborah McPhail
In this article we examine how fat-phobic discourses in physical education both constitute, and are continually negotiated by, “fat” and “overweight” students. This claim is based on qualitative interviews about memories of physical education with 15 adults in Canada and the U.S. who identified as fat or overweight at some time during their lives. The research draws from feminist poststructuralism, queer theory, and feminist fat theory to examine how students negotiate fat subjectivities in fat-phobic educational contexts. The interviews reveal how fat phobia in physical education is oppressive and makes it extremely difficult for most students to develop positive fat subjectivities in physical education; how weighing and measuring practices work to humiliate and discipline fat bodies; and how fat phobia reinforces normalizing constructions of sex and gender. The interviews also illustrate how some students resisted fat phobia in physical education by avoiding, and sometimes excelling in, particular physical activities. Finally, interviewees talk about the importance of having access to fat-positive fitness spaces as adults and suggest ways to improve the teaching of physical education.
Medical narratives surrounding the Western “obesity epidemic” have generated greater fears of “fatness” that have permeated Western collective consciousness, and these anxieties have manifested themselves as a moral panic. The medicalization of fatness via the establishment of the disease of “obesity” has necessarily entailed a combining of medical narratives/imperatives and historico-cultural discursive formations of fatness as a moral failing and as an aesthetic affront. The threat that this epidemic poses is framed by medical discourse not simply as endangering health, but fraying the very (moral) fabric of society. In this article, I argue that all the discourses that circulate around fatness and (re)produce it as a pathology have been subsumed under, and absorbed by, dominant medical narratives. I suggest that a medico-moral discourse has inf(l)ected popular understandings of fatness as an affront to health that gives way to deeper, more fundamental social concerns and anxieties about normalization and normative appearance. Specifically, I examine the constructions of individual responsibility that are evident in medical narratives and discourses about obesity.
Following Michel Foucault, feminist sport scholars have demonstrated how women’s physical activity can act as a technology of domination that anchors women into a discoursive web of normalizing practices. There has been less emphasis on Foucault’s later work that focuses on the individual’s role of changing the practices of domination. Foucault argues that human beings turn themselves into subjects through what he labels “the technologies of the self.” While his work is not gender specific, some feminists have seen the technologies of the self as a possibility to reconceptualize the self, agency and resistance in feminist theory and politics. In this paper, I aim to examine what Foucault’s technologies of self can offer feminists in sport studies. I begin by reviewing applications of Foucault’s technology of the self to analyses of women’s physical activity. I will next locate the technologies of the self within Foucault’s theory of power, self and ethics to further reflect how valuable this concept can be for feminist sport studies.
Talk: Male Athletes Reflect on Sport, Injury, and Pain Kevin Young * Philip White * William McTeer * 6 1994 11 2 175 194 10.1123/ssj.11.2.175 Research Notes A Little Pain Never Hurt Anybody: A Photo-Essay on the Normalization of Sport Injuries Timothy J. Curry * Richard H. Strauss * 6 1994 11
ARTICLES Race and Exercise Engagement: Investigating the High-Calorie-Burning Activities of White and Black Collegiate Women Buffie Longmire-Avital * Takudzwa Madzima * Elyse Bierut * 1 10 2018 26 2 69 75 10.1123/wspaj.2017-0047 wspaj.2017-0047 Inclusion and Normalization of Queer Identities
26 2 211 234 10.1123/ssj.26.2.211 “Big Freaky-Looking Women”: Normalizing Gender Transgression through Bodybuilding Shelly A. McGrath * Ruth A. Chananie-Hill * 6 2009 26 2 235 254 10.1123/ssj.26.2.235 The Power of “Small Stories:” Narratives and Notions of Gender Equality in Conversations about
cats, everywhere.” Cat agility is portrayed as a fun, playful, healthy, and beneficial relationship for cats and humans alike. Beneath the veil of multispecies pleasure, however, feline agility performances involve the ongoing construction, legitimization, normalization and negotiation of power
( Denison & Kitchen, 2015 ) demonstrate a range of issues in the sport context including overt forms of homophobia and transphobia in sport, alongside subtler and normalized practices including heteronormativity and “lad culture.” The term heteronormativity was originally coined by Warner ( 1993 ) and
Gretchen Kerr, Erin Willson and Ashley Stirling
which abuse occurs and is allowed to perpetuate either through normalization, the over-prioritization of performance outcomes, or the failure of bystanders to intervene ( Breger, Holman, & Guerrero, 2019 ; Nite & Nauright, 2019 ). Recently, several high-profile international cases of athlete abuses