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Holly Thorpe, Lyndsay Hayhurst and Megan Chawansky

particularly controversial, and has come to symbolize to “Western military powers a justification of war in the name of freedom of women” ( Ahmed-Ghosh, 2003 , p. 1). A considerable body of scholarship has examined how “Afghan women were held hostage by… the persistence of a particularly entrenched form of

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Moss E. Norman, Michael Hart and LeAnne Petherick

recognize that settler colonialism is itself an ongoing and incomplete project, with its own fault lines, gaps and inconsistencies which have allowed for the persistence, flourishment even, of Indigenous life (see McGuire-Adams & Giles, 2018 ; Robidoux, 2012 ; Simpson, 2014a ; Tuck & McKenzie, 2015

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Janet S. Fink

In this article, from the 2015 Earle F. Zeigler Lecture Award presented in Ottawa, Canada, I hope to create greater awareness of how sexism remains uncontested in sport. I highlight the persistence of sexism in sport and note the form of sexism is different from that found in other industries. I also argue that sexism is treated quite differently than other types of discrimination in sport and provide examples of its impact. I suggest that adapting Shaw and Frisby’s (2006) alternative frame of gender equity is necessary for real change to occur and call on all NASSM members as researchers, teachers, or participants to take action to eradicate sexism in sport.

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JoEllen M. Sefton and Kenneth A. Games

Colleges and universities increasingly face pressure to take the lead in solving complex problems. Developing and sustaining interdisciplinary research centers that collaborate with community partners can be an effective method of approaching complex challenges. We use the example of interdisciplinary research centers designed to specifically work with tactical athlete organizations (e.g., military, police, fire) as one example of how research centers can be developed and produce important outcomes. A 10-step process is outlined for finding partners, executing projects, and growing research centers which are mutually beneficial to the partner organization and the academic institution. With vision, commitment, and persistence, interdisciplinary research centers can solve complex problems and have meaningful impacts in the community.

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Catherine D. Ennis

As typically taught, sport-based, multiactivity approaches to physical education provide students with few opportunities to increase their skill, fitness, or understanding. Alternative curriculum models, such as Sport Education, Teaching Games for Understanding, and Fitness for Life, represent a second generation of models that build on strong statements of democratic, student-centered practice in physical education. In the What Goes Around section of the paper, I discuss the U.S. perspective on the origins of alternative physical education curriculum models introduced in the early and mid-20th century as a response to sport and exercise programs of the times. Today, with the help of physical educators, scholars are conducting research to test new curricular alternatives or prototypes to provide evidence-based support for these models. Yet, the multiactivity, sport-based curriculum continues to dominate in most U.S. physical education classes. I discuss reasons for this dogged persistence and propose reforms to disrupt this pervasive pattern in the future.

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J. Thomas Yokum, Juan J. Gonzalez and Tom Badgett

We are interested in forecasting or predicting the long-term viability of a minor league baseball team. The research question is whether this minor league team will be successful in attracting attendance over an extended period of time. An important financial issue is if the team is predicted to fail, then exactly how long will it last? A variety of methods are used in a step-by-step procedure to evaluate this viability. We first test whether attendance is evolving or stable through a unit root test, a test of market persistence. We then use the Bass model to assess whether the projected product life cycle is turning up or down. The Gompertz and logistic (Pearl) diffusion curves are next applied to home stand data of various lengths in order to make forecasts of an eventual dissolution point at which the team would financially collapse. Market saturation is not estimated, but set at the stadium capacity. Forecasting principles involving diffusion models are implemented. Analogies are used as a complementary forecasting technique to assess whether there is long-term potential for survival. Finally, logistic regression on cross-sectional data is used to supplement the forecasts. The results of the triangulation of diffusion curves, analogies, and logistic regression predict a decline in the minor league team’s ability to capture attendance.

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Kristi Sweeney

“a medium for the exchange of ideas. Such exchanges would also contribute to the construction of a common language of ideals among coaches and athletic directors across the land” (p. 52). “The Ballyhoo Yeas, 1919–1925” is a fitting title for Lindaman’s third chapter and highlights the persistence of

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Matea Wasend and Nicole M. LaVoi

searches of institutional athletics websites, and LinkedIn. Logistic regressions were then used to analyze the relationship between gender of collegiate head coach and entry into coaching, level of coaching, and persistence in coaching at the time of data collection. Basketball was selected because women

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Ang Chen

project is the best hands-on training for doctoral students. That was a time when all data had to be punched into a roll of mile-long narrow paper tape by hand for the mainframe computer for analysis. The volume of work was tremendous. Her persistence and work ethic exemplified how a productive researcher

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Thelma S. Horn

affect, sport commitment, and persistence. In contrast, higher frequencies of punishment-oriented feedback based on evaluation, as well as high use of nonreinforcement and ignoring player mistakes, have a negative effect on the same psychosocial outcome variables and may also be linked to higher levels