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Maria À. Cebrià i Iranzo, Mercè Balasch-Bernat, María Á. Tortosa-Chuliá and Sebastià Balasch-Parisi

the muscle to be evaluated in relative shortened position, maintaining a maximal and sustained contraction for at least 3 s. The movements tested were knee extension (quadriceps femoris) and elbow flexion (biceps brachii) ( Bean et al., 2002 ). The maximal handgrip strength (in kg) was measured with a

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Berkiye Kirmizigil, Jeffry Roy Chauchat, Omer Yalciner, Gozde Iyigun, Ender Angin and Gul Baltaci

original length. They found that elastic tape application on quadriceps femoris recovered muscle strength and reduced muscle soreness after 72 hours postintensive exercise. They proposed that the reduction in muscle soreness might be due to blood and lymphatic flow enhancement, and these 2 physiologic

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Ui-Jae Hwang, Sung-Hoon Jung, Hyun-A Kim, Jun-Hee Kim and Oh-Yun Kwon

noted between groups in this study postintervention. In previous studies, the integration of ST into training programs did not yield significant benefits over programs using EMS alone, with respect to the CSA of the quadriceps femoris. 5 , 51 , 52 In addition, EMS and EMS combined with plyometric

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Grant E. Norte, Katherine R. Knaus, Chris Kuenze, Geoffrey G. Handsfield, Craig H. Meyer, Silvia S. Blemker and Joseph M. Hart

estimates of force production and may be insufficient to detect subtle changes among individual muscle properties. For example, the individual muscles of the quadriceps femoris are reported to contribute differently to maximum knee extension torque in patients following ACL-R. 17 Timing from surgery may

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Melissa DiFabio, Lindsay V. Slater, Grant Norte, John Goetschius, Joseph M. Hart and Jay Hertel

MV , Ford KR , Hewett TE , Schmitt LC . Young athletes with quadriceps femoris strength asymmetry at return to sport after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction demonstrate asymmetric single-leg drop-landing mechanics . Am J Sports Med . 2015 ; 43 ( 11 ): 2727 – 2737 . PubMed doi:10

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Ilkka Heinonen, Jukka Kemppainen, Toshihiko Fujimoto, Juhani Knuuti and Kari K. Kalliokoski

Figure  1 . The average GU values of these regions of interests from both legs were used when presenting data. Skeletal muscle GU was calculated in m. quadriceps femoris muscle group, as it is the most active muscle group during cycling. Figure 1 —Representative cross-sectional positron emission

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Ufuk Ersoy, Umut Ziya Kocak, Ezgi Unuvar and Bayram Unver

literature for the healthy individuals. In this manner, muscle strength improvements in quadriceps femoris, shoulder external rotators, trapezius, gluteus maximus, and hip abductors following mobilization applications have been reported in healthy subjects. These studies mentioned that AKR might be

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Karenina Arrais Guida Modesto, Pedro Ferreira Alves de Oliveira, Hellora Gonçalves Fonseca, Klaus Porto Azevedo, Vinicius Guzzoni, Martim Bottaro, Nicolas Babault and Joao Luiz Quagliotti Durigan

the quadriceps femoris? A systematic review of randomised controlled trials . Sports Med . 2005 ; 35 ( 3 ): 191 – 212 . PubMed ID: 15730336 doi: 10.2165/00007256-200535030-00002 15730336 2. Maffiuletti NA . Physiological and methodological considerations for the use of neuromuscular electrical

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Gulcan Harput, Volga B. Tunay and Matthew P. Ithurburn

power and hop performance after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction . Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc . 2012 ; 20 ( 6 ): 1143 – 1151 . PubMed ID: 22314862 doi: 10.1007/s00167-012-1912-y 7. Schmitt LC , Paterno MV , Hewett TE . The impact of quadriceps femoris strength asymmetry on

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Neil Chapman, John Whitting, Suzanne Broadbent, Zachary Crowley-McHattan and Rudi Meir

, knee extension; KF, knee flexion; MVC, maximal voluntary contraction; N, no; PF, plantar flexion; QF, quadriceps femoris; RF, rectus femoris; SOL, soleus; ST, semitendinosus; TA, tibialis anterior; VL, vastus lateralis; VM, vastus medialis; Y, yes. The majority of studies (14 of 24) investigated RFE at