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Marina Arkkukangas, Susanna Tuvemo Johnson, Karin Hellström, Elisabeth Anens, Michail Tonkonogi and Ulf Larsson

has also been applied effectively in other areas of health care ( Miller & Rollnick, 2013 ). This 2-year follow-up randomized controlled trial (RCT), which includes a 3- and 12-month follow-up in older community-dwelling adults who needed walking aids or home support, investigates the effectiveness of

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Noemi Moreno-Segura, Celedonia Igual-Camacho, Yéntel Ballester-Gil, María Clara Blasco-Igual and Jose María Blasco

compared Pilates to control groups performing a daily routine, and all the studies were reported before 2013. The current systematic review and meta-analysis provides more up-to-date evidence and includes only randomized controlled trials (RCT). This aims (a) to determine the effects of Pilates on balance

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Samantha M. Gray, Peggy Chen, Lena Fleig, Paul A. Gardiner, Megan M. McAllister, Joseph H. Puyat, Joanie Sims-Gould, Heather A. McKay, Meghan Winters and Maureen C. Ashe

.1056/NEJMra1510059 27518663 19. Ashe MC , Winters M , Hoppmann CA , et al. “Not just another walking program”: Everyday Activity Supports You (EASY) model—a randomized pilot study for a parallel randomized controlled trial . Pilot and Feasibility Studies . 2015 ; 1 : 4 . doi:10

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Bronagh McGrane, Sarahjane Belton, Stuart J. Fairclough, Danielle Powell and Johann Issartel

findings, the authors cautioned for the need to evaluate the intervention with a larger sample in a randomized controlled trial (RCT). It is evident that there is a lack of FMS proficiency among adolescents, which may lead to difficulties in developing more advanced sport-specific skills. 1 If this lack

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John H. Hollman, Tyler A. Berling, Ellen O. Crum, Kelsie M. Miller, Brent T. Simmons and James W. Youdas

adult women. We hypothesized the cueing procedures would facilitate gluteus maximus recruitment without increasing hamstring recruitment. Methods Design This was a pretest-posttest randomized controlled trial design with a 1:1 allocation ratio. Independent variables included 1 between-group variable

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Sharon Hetherington, Paul Swinton, Tim Henwood, Justin Keogh, Paul Gardiner, Anthony Tuckett, Kevin Rouse and Tracy Comans

this particular barrier to participation. The cost savings attributable to decreased health care utilization were also explored in the analyses. Methods Muscling Up Against Disability was a stepped-wedge randomized control trial to assess the effect of a progressive resistance plus balance training

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Damla Gulpinar, Sibel Tekeli Ozer and Sevgi Sevi Yesilyaprak

designed as a prospective, randomized controlled trial using repeated measures. Ninety-one overhead athletes from local sports clubs were enrolled in the study. Sample selection and data collection were done in local sports clubs where players practiced sports between July and December 2015. The study

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Mastour S. Alshaharani, Everett B. Lohman, Khaled Bahjri, Travis Harp, Mansoor Alameri, Hatem Jaber and Noha S. Daher

objective of this study was to compare the effect of Protonics ™ knee brace versus sport cord on knee pain and function in patients with PFPS. Methods Design This study is a randomized controlled trial with 2 treatment groups—the Protonics ™ knee brace group and the sport cord group. Subjects with PFPS

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Neal R. Glaviano, Ashley N. Marshall, L. Colby Mangum, Joseph M. Hart, Jay Hertel, Shawn Russell and Susan Saliba

.4085/1062-6050-51.4.06 29. Ferber R , Bolgla L , Earl-Boehm JE , Emery C , Hamstra-Wright K . Strengthening of the hip and core versus knee muscles for the treatment of patellofemoral pain: a multicenter randomized controlled trial . J Athl Train . 2015 ; 50 ( 4 ): 366 – 377 . PubMed ID: 25365133 doi: 10

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Dorina Ianc, Carmen Serbescu, Marius Bembea, Laurent Benhamou, Eric Lespessailles and Daniel Courteix

We investigated the effects of calcium supplementation and physical practice on the bone ultrasound properties and trabecular microarchitecture in children. 160 children aged 8−11 were randomly allocated to active or nonactive groups and to receive either a calcium-phosphate or a placebo powder for 6 months. Skeletal status was assessed using an ultrasound technique, which measures the speed of sound (Ad-SoS, m/s) at the phalanx. Bone microarchitecture was characterized by fractal analysis measured on calcaneus radiographs and the result expressed as the Hmean parameter, that has been shown to a good reliability of the bone texture quality. After 6 months, the calcium group had significantly gained Ad-SoS compared to the placebo group (P = 0.01) and Hmean increase was greater in the active than the nonactive group (P < 0.05). Exercise and calcium supplementation had a differential effect on the bone tissue, calcium being rather linked to a systemic effect whereas exercise has acted better onto the skeletal stressed site.