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Chadwick Debison-Larabie, Bernadette A. Murphy and Michael W.R. Holmes

head perturbations has focused on flexion/extension head movements, 6 – 9 with some seated whiplash protocols investigating lateral perturbations. 10 , 11 Perturbations that cause lateral bend and rotational head motion are required to fully comprehend potential sex differences in neuromuscular

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James J. Hannigan, Louis R. Osternig and Li-Shan Chou

significant correlations were hypothesized in males. 21 A secondary purpose of this study was to examine sex differences in hip strength and hip, pelvis, and trunk kinematics to compare with previous studies. It was hypothesized that males would display greater hip abduction 19 , 23 , 24 and hip external

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Christianne M. Eason, Stephanie M. Singe and Kelsey Rynkiewicz

than 60 hr on average were less satisfied with their jobs, 7 and this finding highlights additional consequences of the long hours many collegiate athletic trainers are working. We found no sex differences in any of the constructs measured. Previous research within athletic training has found female

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Rose M. Angell, Stephen A. Butterfield, Shihfen Tu, E. Michael Loovis, Craig A. Mason and Christopher J. Nightingale

predominated scholarly discourse in motor development. Several investigators argue that sex differences in certain OCSs are rooted in biology (i.e., evolution; see Thomas, Alderson, Thomas, Campbell, & Elliott, 2010 ; Young, 2009 ), while others maintain that gender differences are a product of sociocultural

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Harri Luchsinger, Jan Kocbach, Gertjan Ettema and Øyvind Sandbakk

differences in cross-country skiing, Sandbakk et al 7 documented a 17% sex difference in peak speed during a roller-skiing test to exhaustion using the skating technique, whereas Bolger et al 8 showed 9% faster average speeds in men in a case where the race distance was 50% longer for men (15 vs 10 km

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Bryan R. Picco, Meghan E. Vidt and Clark R. Dickerson

small elevation angles in the sagittal plane, although this trend was not observed here (Figure  6 ). While sex differences were not a significant main effect, females in this study demonstrated a slightly more medially rotated scapula than males when raising the arm, and a less medially rotated scapula

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Zachary R. Weber, Divya Srinivasan and Julie N. Côté

, McDaniel, Amann, & Richardson, 2012 ) and may be relevant to the discussion of sex differences in the fatigue response. In addition, Han et al. ( 2015 ) observed an interaction between fatigue and sex, where sensitivity to two-point distinguishability of women was affected by fatigue to a greater degree

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Simone A. Tomaz, Trina Hinkley, Rachel A. Jones, Rhian Twine, Kathleen Kahn, Shane A. Norris and Catherine E. Draper

time in MVPA than their high-income peers ( 20 ). SA studies have also reported inconsistent sex differences in directly observed PA during the preschool day (using the Observational System for Recording Physical Activity [ 3 ]). In one study, girls in low-income (only) preschool settings spent a

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Lisa M. Barnett, David R. Lubans, Anna Timperio, Jo Salmon and Nicola D. Ridgers

(StataCorp LP, College Station, TX). Descriptive data were initially calculated for all measured variables. Sex differences in the outcome variables were assessed using independent t -tests. The main analyses consisted of backwards elimination linear regression analyses with children’s perceived FMS skills

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Ruri Famelia, Emi Tsuda, Syahrial Bakhtiar and Jacqueline D. Goodway

, & Beard, 2009 ; Cliff, Okely, Smith, & McKeen, 2009 ; Logan, Webster, Getchell, Pfeiffer, & Robinson, 2015 ; Williams et al., 2008 ). While sex differences in FMS competence are quite clear, there are inconclusive findings relative to sex differences in the perceived motor competence of young children