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Mattias Eckerman, Kjell Svensson, Gunnar Edman and Marie Alricsson

leads to a stress response, negative from a performance perspective, and subsequently leads to injury. Apart from the stressor itself, 8 the stress response depends on 3 major psychosocial factors, where personality is one. Research in the field of personality and sports injuries has led to somewhat

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André Bateman and Kai A.D. Morgan

physical injury can in itself result in a posttraumatic stress response. 22 – 24 Furthermore, 1 study has shown where individuals who experience a traumatic event that includes bodily injury are significantly more likely to develop PTSD than those who did not experience physical injury as part of their

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Caoimhe Tiernan, Mark Lyons, Tom Comyns, Alan M. Nevill and Giles Warrington

over 10 weeks (preseason) with 19 players to investigate the physiological stress response to training. Salivary cortisol was compared with training load and subjective monitoring markers of recovery. Together with saliva collection, the monitoring included a number of subjective markers of recovery

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Francesca Genoese, Shelby E. Baez, Nicholas Heebner, Matthew C. Hoch and Johanna M. Hoch

increase the likelihood of injury. This is further supported by the stress and injury model 10 which suggests that when an athlete encounters a potentially stressful athletic situation, psychological factors, such as injury-related fear, may influence their stress response. This stress response may lead

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Bruno Marrier, Alexandre Durguerian, Julien Robineau, Mounir Chennaoui, Fabien Sauvet, Aurélie Servonnet, Julien Piscione, Bertrand Mathieu, Alexis Peeters, Mathieu Lacome, Jean-Benoit Morin and Yann Le Meur

(SAM) are considered the main effectors of the stress responses and induce specific acute adaptations at the central and peripheral levels to cope with the stressor. 17 , 18 Salivary measures of cortisol and testosterone levels are shown to be simple and reliable means for evaluating the activity of

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Johanna M. Hoch, Megan N. Houston, Shelby E. Baez and Matthew C. Hoch

psychosocial factors on sustaining an athletic injury. The model suggests that when an athlete is faced with a potentially stressful athletic situation, the situation may affect the athlete’s stress response and lead to sustaining an athletic injury. Furthermore, the model suggests that the stress response

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of injuries, and presented statistical data necessary for the calculation of effect sizes. A total of 48 articles were included in the meta-analyses. Results from the meta-analysis of injury prediction variables showed that the history of stressors and the stress response was most strongly related to

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Marcus Börjesson, Carolina Lundqvist, Henrik Gustafsson and Paul Davis

The sporting arena has the potential to induce a stress response that may interfere with athletes’ attempts to perform to their full potential ( Hanton, Fletcher, & Coughlan, 2005 ). Athletes’ responses to competitive stress often include self-reports of intense levels of anxiety, which

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Tony Adebero, Brandon John McKinlay, Alexandros Theocharidis, Zach Root, Andrea R. Josse, Panagiota Klentrou and Bareket Falk

used in this study may have resulted in a higher stress response in men than boys. Similar findings were reported following resistance exercise ( 30 ). Several previous studies ( 7 , 8 , 10 ), although not all ( 30 ), have demonstrated faster short-term recovery (0–30 min) from intense exercise in boys

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Rianne Costello, Mark E.T. Willems, Stephen D. Myers, Fiona Myers, Nathan A. Lewis, Ben J. Lee and Sam D. Blacker

scavenging has been purported as a potential mechanism by which polyphenols could help support redox status by dampening the oxidative stress response following EIMD ( Powers & Jackson, 2008 ). However, this notion has recently been debated, with polyphenol metabolism to electrophiles and a cytoprotective