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Chad Seifried, Brian Soebbing and Kwame J.A. Agyemang

for organizational success. Harrison, Hitt, Hoskisson, and Ireland ( 2001 ) also argued IR “may be preferred . . . if a high level of uncertainty exists because alliances provide more strategic flexibility and may reduce risk” (p. 684). The coordination of relationships in response to industry

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Masakazu Matsuoka, Hiroshi Kunimura and Koichi Hiraoka

inhibiting unnecessary responses, but uncertainty of the upcoming event disinhibits the response. This disinhibition occurs with prediction of the future event (prediction of the time or direction of the support surface translation), because inhibition of the unnecessary response is reasonable for efficient

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Gwendolyn M. Weatherford, Betty A. Block and Fredrick L. Wagner

the continued pursuit of opportunity and equality. Complexity Barnett ( 2000 ) defined complexity as the state of the world when it is “assailed” by increasing amounts of “facts, data, evidence, tasks, and arguments” (p. 257) and is characterized by “uncertainty, unpredictability, challenge ability

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Alfred Nimmerichter, Bernhard Prinz, Matthias Gumpenberger, Sebastian Heider and Klaus Wirth

-subject SD from the TT20 multiplied by a constant factor of 0.2. 29 Differences between the predicted and the actual TT20 are presented with 90% confidence intervals as a measure of uncertainty in Figure  1 and interpreted in qualitative terms as follows 29 : <1%, “most unlikely”; 1% to 5%, “very unlikely

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Laura A. Gale, Ben A. Ives, Paul A. Potrac and Lee J. Nelson

. Want My Trust? Encapsulate My Interests The participants described the workplace as an arena that was characterized by competition and uncertainty as much as it was by collaboration and shared goals ( Jones & Wallace, 2005 ). Specifically, they explained how their experiences of work were not immune

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Kacey C. Neely, John G.H. Dunn, Tara-Leigh F. McHugh and Nicholas L. Holt

The overall purpose of this study was to examine coaches’ views on deselecting athletes from competitive female adolescent sport teams. Individual semistructured interviews were conducted with 22 head coaches of Canadian provincial level soccer, basketball, volleyball, and ice hockey teams. Interpretive description methodology (Thorne, 2008) was used. Results revealed deselection was a process that involved four phases: pre-tryout meeting, evaluation and decision-making, communication of deselection, and post deselection reflections. Within the evaluation and decision-making phase coaches made programmed and nonprogrammed decisions under conditions of certainty and uncertainty. When faced with uncertainty coaches relied on intuition.

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Jason Laurendeau

In this autoethnography, I highlight the relationship between risk and responsibility in my gender project as I first take up, and then walk away from, BASE jumping. To address these issues, I write into a space of uncertainty, exploring the productive potential of polyvocality and writing as a method of inquiry.

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Niall Casserly, Ross Neville, Massimiliano Ditroilo and Adam Grainger

. This enabled us to estimate the change over time and differences between groups on each performance parameter with baseline values and body mass change held constant. Intraclass correlation coefficients were measured to assess the reliability between CMJ and 10-m acceleration efforts. Uncertainty was

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Scott J. Pedersen and Paul R. Surburg

This study investigated the movement preparation (reaction time) and movement execution (movement time) of children with and without ADHD by manipulating the uncertainty of occurrence. Participants performed a seated lower extremity choice response time protocol, which contained either 10% catch trials or 30% catch trials along with 27 empirical stimuli to one of three target directions. Results indicated that children with ADHD were significantly slower at processing lower extremity movements than their peers for the condition with increased number of catch trials, but not the condition with fewer catch trials. These findings suggest that children with ADHD are more affected by the uncertainty of an empirical stimulus during the preparation phase of a movement response than their age-matched peers are.

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Marcel Bouffard and Albert E. Wall

The effect of knowledge on decision making and performance of educable mentally handicapped (EMH) adolescents was studied in a simulated table tennis situation. In two experiments, knowledge about where the ball would land on the table was manipulated. The position the players selected to return the ball was affected by the knowledge (uncertainty) associated with its future landing location. Depending upon the degree of uncertainty, results indicated the players used (a) a total preparation for one particular event strategy, (b) a partial preparation for one particular event strategy, or (c) a no-preparation for one particular event strategy. Further, knowledge about the ball’s future landing location affected the decision about the type of stroke to use and had a minimal effect on the number of balls hit. Overall, these results demonstrate an intricate relationship between knowledge, decision making, and performance in a simulated racket sport by EMH adolescents.