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Iñigo Mujika, Javier Orbañanos and Hugo Salazar

Paratriathlon will debut at the Rio 2016 Paralympic Games, but research documenting the physiological attributes and training practices of elite paratriathletes is lacking. This case study reports on the physiology and training of a long-distance worldchampion male paratriathlete (below-the-knee amputee) over 19 mo. His body mass and skinfolds declined respectively by ~4 kg and 30% in 2 mo and remained relatively constant thereafter. His swim test velocity increased by 4.4% over 6 mo but declined back to baseline thereafter. His absolute and relative cycling maximal aerobic power improved progressively by 21.8% and 32.6%, respectively. His power output at the individual lactate threshold (ILT) improved by 39.5% and 51.6%, and his power output at the onset of blood lactate accumulation (OBLA), by 59.7% and 73.4%. His maximal running aerobic velocity improved by 12.8%, and his velocity at ILT and OBLA increased by 38.9% and 44.9%, respectively. Over 84 wk he performed 813 training sessions (248 swim, 229 bike, 216 run, 120 strength), ie, 10 ± 3 sessions/week (mean ± SD). Swim, bike, and run volumes were 709 km (8 ± 3 km/wk), 519 h (6 ± 4 h/wk), and 164 h (2 ± 1 h/wk), respectively. Training at intensities below ILT, between ILT and OBLA, and above OBLA for swim were 82% ± 3%, 14% ± 1%, 4.4% ± 0.4%; for bike, 91% ± 3%, 6.2% ± 0.5%, 3.3% ± 0.3%; and for run, 88% ± 1%, 8.0% ± 0.3%, 3.5% ± 0.1%. The training volume for each discipline was lower than previously reported for competitive able-bodied Olympic-distance triathletes. He won the long-distance world championship in 8 h 14 min 47 s, nearly 30 min faster than his nearest competitor.

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Jessica R. Fairbairn and Kellie C. Huxel Bliven

Clinical Scenario The inaugural Paralympic games were held in 1960, yet it was not until 1976 when injuries during the games were first documented. 1 There are limited epidemiological data on disabled athletes due to inconsistent documentation, lack of definitions of injuries, reliance on self

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Shushu Chen and Laura Misener

and what constraints or opportunities are presented by adopting such leveraging tactics. In order to address these gaps, we focused on a nonhost area of the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games to explore the strategic planning and leveraging processes in the nonhost area, Leicestershire (∼100

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Hiroaki Hobara, Sakiko Saito, Satoru Hashizume, Hiroyuki Sakata and Yoshiyuki Kobayashi

. Spatiotemporal variables of able-bodied and amputee sprinters in men’s 100-m sprint . Int J Sports Med . 2015 ; 36 ( 6 ): 494 – 497 . PubMed ID: 25700099 doi:10.1055/s-0034-1387794 10.1055/s-0034-1387794 25700099 6. International Paralympic Committee . Rio 2016 Paralympic Games– Qualification Guide

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Renate M. Leithäuser

, sport science can probably make an even greater difference. To use the above example of blind football again: This is internationally regarded as one of the Paralympic sports that has the greatest research needs in preparation for the Paralympic Games in Tokyo 2020. 1 If only 1% of money that goes into

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Brock Laschowski, Naser Mehrabi and John McPhee

Wheelchair curling debuted at the 2006 Paralympic Games. Competing athletes utilize the same stones and ice sheets as Olympic curlers, although sweeping (ie, using a broom to control the stone’s trajectory) is omitted and the stone must be pushed from a stationary wheelchair using a delivery stick

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Damian Haslett, Javier Monforte, Inhyang Choi and Brett Smith

for disability activists (see Ahmed, 2013 ; Braye, Dixon, & Gibbons, 2013 , 2015 ; Braye, Gibbons, & Dixon, 2013 ; Brittain & Beacom, 2016 ; Howe, 2018 ; Ryan, 2019 ; Shakespeare, 2016 ). For example, disability activists have publicly opposed the sponsors of the Paralympic Games whom they

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Ben T. Stephenson, Eleanor Hynes, Christof A. Leicht, Keith Tolfrey and Victoria L. Goosey-Tolfrey

by the Loughborough University ethical advisory committee. All had regularly competed at international level for 2–7 years, with 6 competing at the 2016 Paralympic Games, and all reported being free from illness prior to the commencement of the study. Athletes’ typical weekly training volume was 11

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Cristiane B.B. Antonelli, Charlini S. Hartz, Sileno da Silva Santos and Marlene A. Moreno

The Paralympic Games are currently the world’s second largest sporting event, with wheelchair basketball (WCB) being a Paralympic sport since the first edition of Paralympic Games. 1 In addition, according to the International Wheelchair Basketball Federation, WCB is considered as one of the most

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Laura Misener, Kerri Bodin and Marika Kay

reaches out to Sam and is happy to learn that Sam is able and willing to meet and discuss the process of integration at Swimming Canada. In her own research and reading, Katie realized that some policies, such as the cooperative “one bid, one city” agreement for the Olympic and Paralympic Games formally