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Ryan P. Durk, Esperanza Castillo, Leticia Márquez-Magaña, Gregory J. Grosicki, Nicole D. Bolter, C. Matthew Lee and James R. Bagley

the best of our knowledge, no study has examined if F/B is associated with cardiorespiratory fitness, as assessed by maximal oxygen consumption (VO 2 max), independent from dietary or anthropometric measures. The purpose of this exploratory study was to identify potential relationships among relative

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Bent R. Rønnestad and Joar Hansen

uptake (VO 2 max) during these years ranged from 65.0 to 76.5 mL · kg −1  · min −1 , peak aerobic power (W max ) ranged from 5.76 to 6.52 W/kg, and power output at 3 mmol/L blood lactate concentration (Power 3la -) ranged from 3.4 to 4.1 W/kg. Best test results were achieved 1 year prior to start of the

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Milos Mallol, David J. Bentley, Lynda Norton, Kevin Norton, Gaizka Mejuto and Javier Yanci

capacity (maximal oxygen consumption [VO 2 max]) or endurance performance by building on work and recovery sets at or close to maximum intensities. 7 , 11 A number of researchers have concluded that HIIT shows a greater increase in VO 2 max when compared with continuous endurance training in running. 12

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Ulrika Andersson-Hall, Stefan Pettersson, Fredrik Edin, Anders Pedersen, Daniel Malmodin and Klavs Madsen

recruited. The subjects gave their written informed consent to participate in the present study. Test procedures were performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki 2008 and approved by the local ethics committee of Gothenburg University (Dnr 121-15). VO 2max on an ergometer bike was determined

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Ana B. Peinado, Nuria Romero-Parra, Miguel A. Rojo-Tirado, Rocío Cupeiro, Javier Butragueño, Eliane A. Castro, Francisco J. Calderón and Pedro J. Benito

have not been widely assessed in outdoor cycling conditions. Oxygen uptake (VO 2 ) has been measured in field-based trials using a portable system, 6 , 7 , 8 although investigated distances are shorter than in traditional road-cycling competitions. A recent study was the first to report the

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David Barranco-Gil, Lidia B. Alejo, Pedro L. Valenzuela, Jaime Gil-Cabrera, Almudena Montalvo-Pérez, Eduardo Talavera, Susana Moral-González, Vicente J. Clemente-Suárez and Alejandro Lucia

(eg, approximately 60%–70% of maximum oxygen uptake [VO 2 max]). 8 Indeed, continuous exercise of moderate intensity and lasting ∼10 to 15 minutes (13 min on average) has been reported as a common type of warm-up protocol among recreational endurance runners. 9 However, adding brief actions aiming

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Andrew J. Carnes and Sara E. Mahoney

intensity (ie, ≥90% maximal oxygen uptake [VO 2 max]). 1 , 2 Most available studies, however, examined elite or highly trained subjects, who comprise a small proportion of endurance sport participants. This is especially true in running, 3 a sport with remarkable popularity likely due to the widespread

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Jason R. Boynton, Fabian Danner, Paolo Menaspà, Jeremiah J. Peiffer and Chris R. Abbiss

performance in a well-trained cyclist population. Galloway and Maughan 2 examined the time to exhaustion under a range of T A , but of note, the mean maximal oxygen consumption (VO 2 max) for these subjects (∼56 mL/kg/min) was below what the literature would consider “well-trained” endurance athletes. 15

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Mário A.M. Simim, Marco Túlio de Mello, Bruno V.C. Silva, Dayane F. Rodrigues, João Paulo P. Rosa, Bruno Pena Couto and Andressa da Silva

3 ± 2 hr/week Two visits to laboratory (first = incremental test and VO 2 peak test; second = 20-min exercise tests—50% and 70% of VO 2peak ) TRA VO 2 %VO 2peak HR %HR peak [Lac] RPE HR monitors Lactate Pro handbike Borg scale 6–20 PPO Handbike Barfield et al. ( 2010 ) 9 WR SCI (C6–C7) 12 ± 7 9 ± 6

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Andrés Pérez, Domingo J. Ramos-Campo, Cristian Marín-Pagan, Francisco J. Martínez-Noguera, Linda H. Chung and Pedro E. Alcaraz

Interestingly, POL has shown to improve VO 2 peak, anaerobic threshold, aerobic efficiency, time to exhaustion during an incremental test, 14 finishing time in 10-km races, 13 and running economy in ultrarunners. 9 In addition, fat metabolism has a key role in endurance events. 15 The maximal fat oxidation