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Steve Amireault, John M. Baier and Jonathan R. Spencer

Physical activity is one of the most effective strategies to promote healthy aging. Regular engagement in physical activity is associated with reduced risk of falls and chronic diseases (e.g., cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, osteoporosis, breast and colon cancers); heightened mitigation

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Deirdre Dlugonski, Katrina Drowatzky DuBose and Patrick Rider

Physical activity has well-documented health benefits across the lifespan from young childhood 1 through adulthood. 2 To achieve these benefits, a consensus of several sets of guidelines indicates that young children (aged 2–5 y) should engage in at least 180 minutes of light, moderate, or

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Natalie M. Golaszewski and John B. Bartholomew

Physical activity leads to psychological and physiological benefits such as improvements in mental and cardiometabolic health ( Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2018 ). According to the 2018 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans, being physically active for 150–300 min at a moderate

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Vera K. Tsenkova, Chioun Lee and Jennifer Morozink Boylan

of indicators across the life course, consistently predicts higher risk for prediabetes and diabetes. 3 – 9 Therefore, understanding the pathways to diabetes in disadvantaged groups assumes increasing importance. Physical activity is a critical cornerstone of diabetes prevention and management

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Casey Mace Firebaugh, Simon Moyes, Santosh Jatrana, Anna Rolleston and Ngaire Kerse

Among older people, regular physical activity is associated with a variety of physical and mental health benefits, including reduced risk of death from cardiovascular disease, decreased risk of Type 2 diabetes, reduced risk of some cancers, reduced loss of bone mineral density and osteoporosis, and

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Sofiya Alhassan, Christine W. St. Laurent, Sarah Burkart, Cory J. Greever and Matthew N. Ahmadi

Obesity-related health behaviors (ORHBs) have been identified as risk factors for increased unhealthy weight gain in preschoolers (2.9–5 y). 1 – 3 ORHBs include low physical activity (PA), obesogenic dietary intake patterns (lower fruit and vegetable consumption, greater consumption of energy

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Brigid M. Lynch, Charles E. Matthews, Katrien Wijndaele and on behalf of the Sedentary Behaviour Council of the International Society for Physical Activity and Health

MEDLINE searches at various levels of specificity. Systematic reviews that utilize MEDLINE rely heavily on the database’s controlled vocabulary to identify relevant publications. One of the first projects initiated by the Sedentary Behaviour Council of the International Society for Physical Activity and

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David R. Paul, Ryan McGrath, Chantal A. Vella, Matthew Kramer, David J. Baer and Alanna J. Moshfegh

The significance of the relationship between physical activity and health has been well documented 1 – 4 and has led to the development of public health efforts to increase physical activity, moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in particular. 5 Similarly, considerable efforts have been

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Ayse Meydanlioglu and Ayse Ergun

overweight children increased from 4.2% in 2013 to 14.6% in 2016 in Turkey. 6 In recent years, the decrease in participation in physical activities has also become an important problem in addition to the obesity among children. 7 , 8 In Turkey, according to the data of the “Turkey Nutrition and Health

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Pedro J. Teixeira, Adilson Marques, Carla Lopes, Luís B. Sardinha and Jorge A. Mota

The health benefits of physical activity are recognized and well documented. 1 Physical activity reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease, 2 diabetes, 3 obesity, 4 and certain cancers. 5 Physical activity improves muscular strength, 6 contributes to the prevention of osteoporosis, 7 , 8 is