This paper addresses the ethical issues confronting a sport psychologist electing to work with participants in boxing, in part in response to a position taken by the Council of Representatives of the American Psychological Association. Relevant issues for working with participants in other sports are discussed as well. The impacts of the interventions on the individual worked with, as well as on opponents, are considered in light of potential ethical dilemmas.
Gordon A. Olafson and Dennis W. Hastings
This paper examines the effect of personal style on the administrative behavior of executive directors of sports governing bodies. Seventy-two executive directors from the National Sport and Recreation Centre in Ottawa and the Ontario Sport Administrative Centre in Toronto completed surveys designed to describe personal style (Personal Style Inventory) and administrative behavior (Leadership Behavior Description Questionnaire). Statistical analysis revealed significant differences in behavior based on personal style. The best model of prediction included the behavioral variables of representation, reconciliation, structure, tolerance of freedom, consideration, and predictive accuracy. The results of this study support the hypothesis put forward by Kilmann and Herden (1976) that a person’s behavior in a decision-making role may be a reflection of personal style. These findings suggest that it may be important to understand the contribution of personal style to the decision-making process. Further, this may be a helpful exercise in understanding administrators in many organizations and, particularly as it pertains to this study, in volunteer sport organizations.