This study was aimed at capturing the components comprising shared mental models (SMM) and the training methods used to address SMM in one athletic program context. To meet this aim, two soccer coaches from the same collegiate program were interviewed and observed extensively during practices and games throughout the 2009–2010 season. In addition, documents (e.g., players’ positioning on free kicks sheet) from the soccer program were reviewed. The data were analyzed inductively through a thematic analysis to develop models that operationalize SMM through its components, and training. Game intelligence and game philosophy were the two main operational themes defining SMM. Moreover, four themes emerged for SMM training: (a) the setting, (b) compensatory communication, (c) reinforcement, and (d) instruction. SMM was embedded within a more comprehensive conceptual framework of team chemistry, including emotional, social, and cognitive dimensions. Implications of these conceptual frameworks are considered for sport psychologists and coaches.
Lael Gershgoren, Edson Medeiros Filho, Gershon Tenenbaum and Robert J. Schinke
Robert J. Gregor and Marilyn Pink
As part of an ongoing project to evaluate elite track and field throwers in the United States, the javelin competition was filmed during the 1983 Pepsi Invitational Track Meet. A high-speed video camera (Spin Physics SP2000) was positioned orthogonal to the javelin runway to record the release of all throws. During this competition, Tom Petranoff’s world record (99.72 m) was filmed at 200 fields per second. Subsequent frame-by-frame digitization yielded results consistent with reports in the literature. Release velocity was 32.3 m/s and represents one of the highest values ever reported. Angle of release was .57r, javelin attitude at release was .64r» and angle of attack was .07r. While optimum values for these release parameters, in light of published results, remain open to discussion, the results presented here represent unique information on a world record performance and can serve as a basis of comparison for future performances.
Jennifer M. Medina McKeon and Patrick O. McKeon
Kelly Copperthite Ranalli
Total talar dislocations without associated fractures are extremely rare traumatic events that are described sparingly in research and are currently without a standardized treatment protocol. This report highlights rehabilitation for this injury following a fall from a great height with eventual return to prior level of function and with minimal complications.
Christy L. Hancock, Russell T. Baker and Eric A. Sorenson
Jennifer Burt, Mary Beth Zwart and Trevor C. Roiger
An 18-year-old NCAA Division I women’s softball player presented with a sudden onset of pain in her left wrist during a strength and conditioning workout. Initial examination revealed pain, loss of AROM, decreased muscle strength, and paresthesia. The patient experienced symptomology for 12+ weeks. Corticosteroid injections were administered which finally confirmed diagnosis, reduced pain, and paresthesia. Intersection syndrome is generally an overuse condition which resolves within approximately 2 weeks. This case demonstrates that examination findings, imaging, immobilization, and a therapeutic exercise plan may not be sufficient to decrease patient symptomology.