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Alison B. Pritchard Orr, Kathy Keiver, Chris P. Bertram and Sterling Clarren

anxiety disorders ( Paley & O’Connor, 2009 ). One of the cardinal deficits affecting neuropsychological function in individuals with PAE is in executive function (EF) ( Kodituwakku, 2009 ; Rasmussen, 2005 ). EF refers to a set of cognitive abilities required to attain goals efficiently in nonroutine

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Athanasios Papaioannou, Dimitrios Milosis and Christos Gotzaridis

. For example, Galen (180 A.D.) explained why “ball games train cognitive abilities and skills such as attention, planning and critical thinking and simultaneously provide pleasure to improve health and excel in life” (as cited in Miller, 2012 , p. 122). Reinvesting on these forgotten ideas using

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Chien-Chih Chou, Kuan-Chou Chen, Mei-Yao Huang, Hsin-Yu Tu and Chung-Ju Huang

. ( 2013 ). The influence of exercise on cognitive abilities . Comprehensive Physiology, 3, 403 – 428 . PubMed ID: 23720292 doi: 10.1002/cphy.c110063 Graham , G. , Holt/Hale , S.A. , & Parker , M. ( 2012 ). Children moving: A reflective approach to teaching physical education with movement

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Francisco Alvarez-Barbosa, Jesús del Pozo-Cruz, Borja del Pozo-Cruz, Antonio García-Hermoso and Rosa María Alfonso-Rosa

older adults . The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 60 ( 5 ), 638 – 647 . PubMed ID: 15972618 doi:10.1093/gerona/60.5.638 10.1093/gerona/60.5.638 Gomez-Pinilla , F. , & Hillman , C. ( 2013 ). The influence of exercise on cognitive abilities

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Camilo Sáenz-Moncaleano, Itay Basevitch and Gershon Tenenbaum

players can be used to better capture the development of expertise. In addition, this field of study must focus on applying the knowledge from this and future studies to develop better training methods that help young players enhance their perceptual-cognitive abilities by mimicking the gaze behaviors

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Keishi Soga, Keita Kamijo and Hiroaki Masaki

& Lambourne, 2011 ; Mullender-Wijnsma et al., 2015 ), might increase both physical activity level and learning efficiency. However, several studies have found a deterioration in executive function (i.e., higher order cognitive abilities involved in goal-directed behaviors) during aerobic exercise ( Pontifex

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Marie H. Murphy, Angela Carlin, Catherine Woods, Alan Nevill, Ciaran MacDonncha, Kyle Ferguson and Niamh Murphy

: 20422333 doi:10.1007/s12160-010-9172-x 20422333 10.1007/s12160-010-9172-x 6. Gomez-Pinilla F , Hillman C . The influence of exercise on cognitive abilities . Compr Physiol . 2013 ; 3 ( 1 ): 403 – 428 . PubMed ID: 23720292 23720292 7. Hallal P , Andersen LB , Bull F , et al . Global

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Jason C. Laffer, Aaron J. Coutts and Job Fransen

given the current environmental cues from the players acting on the ball and the trajectory of the ball itself ( Hernandez, Urena, Miranda, & Ona, 2004 ; Lee, 2010 ; Vaeyens, Lenoir, Williams, Mazyn, & Philippaerts, 2007 ). Therefore, an understanding of the perceptual–cognitive abilities that

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David X. Marquez, Robert Wilson, Susan Aguiñaga, Priscilla Vásquez, Louis Fogg, Zhi Yang, JoEllen Wilbur, Susan Hughes and Charles Spanbauer

Neuropsychological Society, 11 ( 4 ), 488 – 407 . PubMed doi: 10.1017/S1355617705050599 Wilson , R.S. , Beckett , L.A. , Barnes , L.L. , Schneider , J.A. , Bach , J. , Evans , D.A. , & Bennett , D.A. ( 2002 ). Individual differences in rates of change in cognitive abilities of older persons

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Baptiste Fournier, Maxime Lussier, Nathalie Bier, Johanne Filiatrault, Manon Parisien, Miguel Chagnon and Marie-Ève Mathieu

three tests: the Montréal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), the Five Digit Test (FDT), and the Trail Making Test (TMT). The MoCA ( Nasreddine et al., 2005 ) is a brief tool of cognitive abilities designed to screen for mild cognitive dysfunction. It assesses various cognitive domains (visuospatial and