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Ricardo Ribeiro Agostinete, Santiago Maillane-Vanegas, Kyle R. Lynch, Bruna Turi-Lynch, Manuel J. Coelho-e-Silva, Eduardo Zapaterra Campos, Suziane Ungari Cayres and Romulo Araújo Fernandes

received the score “0” for monthly training load because all adolescents reported no engagement in organized sports outside of school during the 30 consecutive days. Body Composition Variables Fat mass (kg), LST (kg), and BMD (g/cm 2 ) were assessed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (Lunar DPX-NT; GE

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Gislaine S. Kogure, Cristiana L. Miranda-Furtado, Daiana C.C. Pedroso, Victor B. Ribeiro, Matheus C. Eiras, Rafael C. Silva, Lisandra C. Caetano, Rui A. Ferriani, Rodrigo T. Calado and Rosana M. dos Reis

mass in various body compartments by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) provides a good index of metabolic and CVD consequences of obesity. 22 However, anthropometric indices also have clinical relevance, compared with general obesity measures alone, in screening for CVD in women, 23 including

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Kristen M. Metcalf, Elena M. Letuchy, Steven M. Levy and Kathleen F. Janz

tomography (pQCT), objective measures of PA, and a clear measure of physical development ( 9 , 13 ). Historically, bone research was completed using measures of bone mass and density (via dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry [DXA]). Research shows, however, the importance of bone structure, in addition to mass

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Silvia Gonçalves Ricci Neri, André Bonadias Gadelha, Ana Luiza Matias Correia, Juscélia Cristina Pereira, Ana Cristina de David and Ricardo M. Lima

measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) (General Electric-GE model 8548 BX1L, 2005, DPX lunar type, Encore 2010 software, Rommelsdorf, Germany), according to procedures described elsewhere. 21 Briefly, subjects laid face up on the DXA table with the body carefully centered. The software

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Heather L. Colleran, Andrea Hiatt, Laurie Wideman and Cheryl A. Lovelady

was made after baseline measurements were completed. All participants were given a year’s supply of a multivitamin supplement containing 10 μg of vitamin D. Laboratory Measurements BMD and Anthropometrics Bone density was measured using a different dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry machine for each

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Paulo Sugihara Junior, Alex S. Ribeiro, Hellen C.G. Nabuco, Rodrigo R. Fernandes, Crisieli M. Tomeleri, Paolo M. Cunha, Danielle Venturini, Décio S. Barbosa, Brad J. Schoenfeld and Edilson S. Cyrino

out evaluations consisting of anthropometric measures, food records, one-repetition maximum (1RM) tests, and body composition analysis by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Body Composition The SMM was estimated by the predictive equation proposed by Kim et al. ( 2002 ). SMM = (1.13 × appendicular lean

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Nicholas W. Baumgartner, Anne M. Walk, Caitlyn G. Edwards, Alicia R. Covello, Morgan R. Chojnacki, Ginger E. Reeser, Andrew M. Taylor, Hannah D. Holscher and Naiman A. Khan

using the Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test-2. Participants were excluded from analysis for incomplete body composition data (n = 2, incomplete dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scan) and activity data (n = 6, improper/insufficient wear). An additional 6 participants were excluded as outliers as they were

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Kayleigh R. Erickson, Gregory J. Grosicki, Mara Mercado and Bryan L. Riemann

(∼35–40 years) exercise training program affects skeletal muscle and bone tissues. To this end, we compared dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)-measured lean mass and BMD in male and female masters-level athletes (∼50 years of age with ∼10 years of training experience) with highly discrepant

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Rebecca M. Dagger, Ian G. Davies, Kelly A. Mackintosh, Genevieve L. Stone, Keith P. George, Stuart J. Fairclough and Lynne M. Boddy

waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, and the conicity index as screening tools for high trunk fat mass, as measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, in children aged 3–19 y . Am J Clin Nutr . 2000 ; 72 ( 2 ): 490 – 5 . PubMed 10.1093/ajcn/72.2.490 41. Taylor RW , McAuley KA , Barbezat

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George Wilson, Jerry Hill, Daniel Martin, James P. Morton and Graeme L. Close

assessing changes in body composition using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). It was reported that 2.5 kg of absolute body fat was the lowest achievable fat mass without unacceptable losses of lean muscle mass, along with such severe food cravings that the study could not continue. Indeed, when 2.5 kg