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Emily Borgundvaag, Michael McIsaac, Michael M. Borghese and Ian Janssen

was to determine whether imputation of nonwear-time epoch values using the applied imputation approach influences the association between MVPA and selected health outcomes. Positive findings for the second or third objective would suggest that the traditional approach of deleting nonwear

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Paddy C. Dempsey, Chuck E. Matthews, S. Ghazaleh Dashti, Aiden R. Doherty, Audrey Bergouignan, Eline H. van Roekel, David W. Dunstan, Nicholas J. Wareham, Thomas E. Yates, Katrien Wijndaele and Brigid M. Lynch

bias—will be required. This paper stems from a recent research workshop ( http://www.mrc-epid.cam.ac.uk/ispahsedentary18/ ) organized by the Sedentary Behavior Council themed “Sedentary behaviour mechanisms—biological and behavioural pathways linking sitting to adverse health outcomes” which was held

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Leah E. Robinson

-based guidelines into health practice through delivery and dissemination. The evaluation of the real-world health outcomes to population health is the goal of T4. Funding agencies are placing more emphasis on the impact of scientific inquiry and require researchers to address the impact of their research and how

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Maureen R. Weiss, Lindsay E. Kipp, Alison Phillips Reichter, Sarah M. Espinoza and Nicole D. Bolter

. Thus, physical activity-based PYD (PA-PYD) programs located within school settings, such as Girls on the Run , may be particularly effective for addressing youth physical inactivity and associated psychosocial and behavioral health outcomes ( 12 , 41 , 43 ). Youth physical activity researchers have

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Samuel D. Muir, Sandun S.M. Silva, Mulu A. Woldegiorgis, Hayley Rider, Denny Meyer and Madawa W. Jayawardana

inactive with one in 4 adults, globally, not meeting these guidelines. 2 In Australia, for example, physical inactivity is even more prevalent with just under half (44.5%) of Australian adults insufficiently active, 3 and hence, at risk of developing negative health outcomes (eg, cardiovascular disease

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Dori E. Rosenberg, Melissa L. Anderson, Anne Renz, Theresa E. Matson, Amy K. Lee, Mikael Anne Greenwood-Hickman, David E. Arterburn, Paul A. Gardiner, Jacqueline Kerr and Jennifer B. McClure

; Lewis et al., 2016 ; Lyons, Swartz, Lewis, Martinez, & Jennings, 2017 ; Rosenberg et al., 2015 ). However, these prior studies were short term (<8 weeks), lacked a control group, and did not measure health outcomes. Based on our pilot work, we developed an intervention for sitting reduction that we

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Avery D. Faigenbaum

youth with low levels of muscular fitness may improve long-term health outcomes. Fraser et al ( 10 ) used longitudinal data from the Childhood Determinants of Adult Health Study to explore the tracking of muscular strength and power from youth to adulthood. A representative sample of 2726 Australian

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Lee Smith, Brendon Stubbs, L. Hu, Nicola Veronese, Davy Vancampfort, Genevieve Williams, Domenico Vicinanza, Sarah E. Jackson, Li Ying, Guillermo F. López-Sánchez and Lin Yang

coronary heart disease (eg, see Twig et al 12 ). A recent systematic review 13 on the associations between active transport and health (including a total of 24 studies from 12 countries, 15 of which included adult samples) concluded that active transport may have positive effects on health outcomes

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Chia-Yuan Yu, Su-I Hou and Jonathan Miller

positive impacts on physical and mental health outcomes. 10 , 13 However, the relationship between living alone and social capital is still in dispute. It is expected that older adults living alone may have fewer social connections to their neighborhood and reduced contact with their neighbors. 14

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Kelsie M. Full, Eileen Johnson, Michelle Takemoto, Sheri J. Hartman, Jacqueline Kerr, Loki Natarajan, Ruth E. Patterson and Dorothy D. Sears

that increasing sit-to-stand transitions is a feasible intervention target for breast cancer survivors 25 ; however, more research is needed to test long-term interventions and understand how effects on health outcomes may vary depending on where the time previously spent in SB is shifted to MVPA, LIPA