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Kyungyeol (Anthony) Kim, Kevin K. Byon and Paul M. Pedersen

of self-construal. Self-construal refers to how individuals define and make meaning of the self in relation to others (i.e., independence vs. interdependence; Markus & Kitayama, 1991 ). Consider the opening narrative. The extent to which the witness is influenced by other spectators’ fighting may

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Chonticha Kaewjoho, Thiwabhorn Thaweewannakij, Lugkana Mato, Saowanee Nakmaroeng, Supaporn Phadungkit and Sugalya Amatachaya

, & Dharmage, 2006 ). These changes subsequently distort their independence and quality of life. Therefore, many forms of exercises have been proposed to promote the functional ability of older individuals, such as aerobic exercises, yoga, Tai Chi, Otago exercises, and cultural dances on a hard surface

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Jeffrey J. Martin

sports that can be done alone (e.g., running). While there are social benefits to sport, feeling a sense of freedom and independence, which can be experienced alone or with others in sport, is also valued, as I discuss next. Freedom and Independence So I thought, this is my opportunity to be away from

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Frederico Ribeiro Neto, Rodrigo Rodrigues Gomes Costa, Ricardo Tanhoffer, Martim Bottaro and Rodrigo Luiz Carregaro

Strength training is one of the most common interventions employed to increase functional independence during the rehabilitation of individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) 1 , 2 and is considered essential for this purpose. 3 Previous studies have demonstrated that strength training is capable

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Diana Castaneda-Gameros, Sabi Redwood and Janice L. Thompson

regular PA Benefits of PA Avoiding depression Preventing physical decline and maintaining independence Perceived Barriers to Meeting PA Guidelines There were three important health-related barriers that limited PA engagement across the sample including: aging and illness, different physical abilities

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Kimberlee A. Gretebeck, Caroline S. Blaum, Tisha Moore, Roger Brown, Andrzej Galecki, Debra Strasburg, Shu Chen and Neil B. Alexander

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a growing epidemic for older adults, affecting 1 in 4 of those aged 65 years and older. 1 Diabetes-related disability occurs in up to two-thirds of older adults with T2DM and is associated with loss of independence, poor quality of life, and increased utilization

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Danielle Nesbitt, Sergio Molina, Ryan Sacko, Leah E. Robinson, Ali Brian and David Stodden

). Tests within these batteries are linked to health outcomes, physical independence, mortality, and overall quality of life ( Corsonello et al., 2012 ; Rikli & Jones, 2001 ; Smee, Anson, Waddington, & Berry, 2012 ; Volpato et al., 2011 ). Similar to the limitations of youth assessments, functional

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Andreas M. Kasper, S. Andy Sparks, Matthew Hooks, Matthew Skeer, Benjamin Webb, Houman Nia, James P. Morton and Graeme L. Close

-square (χ 2 ) was used to assess CBD use in the sample population, between codes and player position. Effect sizes were calculated using Cramer’s V , which was interpreted as small (0.1–0.3), medium (0.3–0.5), and large (>0.5). Chi-square tests of independence were used to determine differences between age

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Miranda Rudnick and Brian Wallace

to increase completion rates. All respondents answered all questions. Statistical Analysis Descriptive statistics and frequencies were used to assess the distribution of responses to each question by boys’ and girls’ coaches, separately and combined. Chi-squared tests of independence were calculated

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Emily Budzynski-Seymour, Rebecca Conway, Matthew Wade, Alex Lucas, Michelle Jones, Steve Mann and James Steele

education after school and further education. 9 The transition to higher education is associated with increased independence over lifestyle and dietary habits. 10 Yet, it is relatively uncommon for students to consider the long-term risk of developing chronic diseases when making behavior choices, 7