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Vaimanino Rogers, Lisa M. Barnett and Natalie Lander

). FMS are basic skills that have been typically divided into three categories, object control skills (such as catching and throwing), locomotor skills (such as running and hopping), and stability skills (such as balancing and twisting) ( Gallahue, Ozmun, & Goodway, 2012 ). It is expected that by age 10

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Gustavo Tomazoli, Joao B. Marques, Abdulaziz Farooq and Joao R. Silva

) individualized using MAS and MSS as measures of locomotor capacities (LOCO), and (4) using absolute values (ABS). The criteria used to individualize speed thresholds 20 are provided in Table  1 . The individualization approach utilized by this study followed the procedures previously applied by Hunter et al. 19

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Caterina Pesce, Ilaria Masci, Rosalba Marchetti, Giuseppe Vannozzi and Mirko Schmidt

display better object control skills than girls, evidence on gender differences in locomotor skills is inconclusive ( Barnett et al., 2016 ). Indeed, some studies show that girls outperform boys in their locomotor skills ( Hardy, King, Farrell, Macniven, & Howlett, 2010 ; LeGear et al., 2012 ; Liong

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Lisa E. Bolger, Linda A. Bolger, Cian O’Neill, Edward Coughlan, Wesley O’Brien, Seán Lacey and Con Burns

locomotor skills, involving the movement of the body from one location to another (e.g., running, jumping), and object-control skills, involving the manipulation of an object (e.g., catching, kicking) ( Lubans, Morgan, Cliff, Barnett, & Okely, 2010 ). FMS proficiency is associated with numerous health

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Ruri Famelia, Emi Tsuda, Syahrial Bakhtiar and Jacqueline D. Goodway

as kicking and throwing; and locomotor skills (move the body from one place to another) such as running and galloping ( Gallahue et al., 2012 ). FMS do not naturally emerge as a result of maturation and need to be taught in structured motor skill programs during the early childhood years ( Goodway

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Chantal A. Vella, Erin D. Michos, Dorothy D. Sears, Mary Cushman, Rachel B. Van Hollebeke, Michelle M. Wiest and Matthew A. Allison

), cm 2 253.7 (117.7) Visceral fat area, mean (SD), cm 2 146.4 (68.3) Locomotor muscle area, mean (SD), cm 2 23.7 (7.4) Locomotor muscle density, mean (SD), HU 50.3 (5.2) Stability muscle area, mean (SD), cm 2 74.6 (21.8) Stability muscle density, mean (SD), HU 39.5 (6.1) Total abdominal muscle area

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Mathieu Lacome, Ben M. Simpson, Yannick Cholley, Philippe Lambert and Martin Buchheit

proficiency, tactical awareness, speed, strength, and endurance performance. 6 , 8 – 10 Nevertheless, the typical SSG formats that are most likely to target specific physiological attributes, as required within the tactical periodization model, are still unknown. Surprisingly also, how does the locomotor

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Isaac Estevan, Javier Molina-García, Gavin Abbott, Steve J. Bowe, Isabel Castillo and Lisa M. Barnett

competence according to gender, as past studies have reported gender differences in perception. It is hypothesized that the Spanish version of the PMSC will fit a three-factor model (i.e., object control, locomotor and active play) and that boys will score higher than girls in perceived motor competence

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Stephanie C. Field, Christina B. Esposito Bosma and Viviene A. Temple

locomotor subtest, the leap was removed and the skip was added ( Ulrich, 2013 ). Additionally, a component of the hop and of the dribble was removed after being found non-essential to performing the skill proficiently, the number of hops was increased from 3 to 4, and the first three criteria of the slide

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Scott W. Ducharme and Richard E.A. van Emmerik

fluctuations, the past two decades have provided evidence that the structure of variability may provide alternative and highly valuable information about the overall organization and adaptability of the locomotor system. The purpose of this review is to present contemporary perspectives regarding the role of