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Amy Barrette and Katherine Harman

with training and competition. Athletes admitted to modulating their verbal and nonverbal expressions of pain. Masking their pain from the people observing them, such as their coaches and rehabilitation specialists, allowed them to have more control on the decision to keep going or stop. This

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Yi-Fen Shih, Ya-Fang Lee and Wen-Yin Chen

. When the target position was achieved, the participant pushed the switch on the stylus to record the kinematic data. Vision and hearing were shielded by eye masks and earplugs to minimize possible influence from additional feedback. Three testing trials of the scapular elevation and scapular

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Jennifer K. Sansom and Beverly D. Ulrich

covered in a low-pile carpet. Calibration of Oxygen Uptake Equipment A Cosmed K4b 2 portable oxygen uptake unit (Cosmed, Rome, Italy) was used to monitor participant’s pulmonary gas exchange concentrations while walking during each condition. Properly sized pediatric masks, mask headgear, and harnesses

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Kwok Ng, Jorma Tynjälä, Dagmar Sigmundová, Lilly Augustine, Mariane Sentenac, Pauli Rintala and Jo Inchley

reporting on levels of PA, the practice used in this study was replicated from Sallis et al. ( 2016 ), which considered young people as active only if they achieved at least 60 min of MPVA daily, in line with current international policy recommendations. However, this may inadvertently mask differences

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Dan Goodley

). Black skins, white masks ( 3rd ed. ). London, UK : Pluto Press . Goodley , D. ( 2014 ). Dis/ability studies: Theorising disablism and ableism . London, UK : Routledge . 10.4324/9780203366974 Goodley , D. ( 2016 ). Disability studies: An interdisciplinary introduction ( 2nd ed. ). London, UK

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Jenny H. Conviser, Amanda Schlitzer Tierney and Riley Nickols

malnourished and engaging in unhealthy weight control practices. Athletic body types can elevate body mass index, one indicator of ED risk, and mask the outward appearance of poor nutrition. Eating disorders do not always immediately result in a decline in fitness and sport performance. Athletes may appear

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Jenny H. Conviser, Amanda Schlitzer Tierney and Riley Nickols

severity of EDs are underestimated, especially when the athlete is performing well, creating a false sense of health and wellness. In addition, athletes will characteristically work hard to meet the demands of the sport and mask any emerging performance deficiencies. Performance decrements and medical

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Esmie P. Smith, Andrew P. Hill and Howard K. Hall

used SOP and Madigan et al. used a combination of subdimensions from other instruments to capture PS (personal standards and striving for perfection). SOP is considered to be particularly complex dimension of perfectionism in that it includes motivational components that mask vulnerability to

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Richard E. Tahtinen and Hafrun Kristjansdottir

). This socialization process may be especially prevalent within the sport culture where masking vulnerability ( Doherty, Hannigan, & Campbell, 2016 ) and exhibiting toughness, and ignoring or downplaying injury may be highly valued ( Martin, 2005 ; Steinfeldt, Steinfeldt, England, & Speight, 2009

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Tanya R. Prewitt-White

other things, grooming prevention and boundary education training targeting athletes, parents, coaches, staff members and administrators alike ( Stirling & Kerr, 2009 ; Wurtele, 2012 ). Grooming Prevention and Boundary Education for Coaches The success a perpetrator has in masking his grooming for