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Anna E. Greer, Brianna Castrogivanni and Richard Marcello


Limited research has examined park use and physical activity among economically and ethnically diverse families. This study fills that gap.


Parents (n = 326) completed a questionnaire about their park use (yes/no, parks visited, reasons for nonuse) and physical activity (Godin Leisure Time questionnaire). Geographical Information Systems was used to calculate the distance from respondents’ home address to their nearest park. The number of activity features (eg, playgrounds) in parks was determined objectively using the Community Park Audit Tool.


Half of respondents were sufficiently active; 87.6% reported park use in the prior 6 months. Among sufficiently active respondents, 92.4% reported park use (P = .011). We found no difference in park proximity between respondents who did and did not report distance as a park use barrier. An objective assessment confirmed fewer activity features in parks near the homes of respondents reporting few activity features as a barrier to park use. The most often visited parks were significantly larger than the less-often visited parks.


Parks might best support physical activity for families when activity features are carefully planned and equitably distributed across parks. Efforts to promote families’ awareness of park locations might be warranted to reduce perceived proximity barriers.

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Jamie M. Fynes and Leslee A. Fisher

The purpose of this study was to explore the congruence of identity in 10 former U.S. NCAA Division I (DI) lesbian student-athletes using a semistructured personal identity interview guide (adapted from Fisher, 1993) and Consensual Qualitative Research (CQR) (Hill, 2012; Hill, Knox, Thompson, Williams, Hess, & Ladany, 2005). Five domains, nineteen categories, and related core ideas were found in the transcribed interviews. The five domains were: (a) stereotypes and perceptions of female athletes; (b) stereotypes and perceptions of lesbians and lesbian athletes; (c) climate for LGBT athletes; (d) negotiating identities; and (e) recommendations for college campuses. The main goal of the current study was to determine whether lesbian athletes felt comfortable being who they are in the context of U.S. DI sport. Recommendations for how applied sport psychology consultants, coaches, and administrators, all of whom play an important role in athletes’ collegiate sport experience, could change the structure of U.S. universities to help lesbian student-athletes become more comfortable are given.

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Bryan E. Denham

about the treatment of minorities ( Brown, Jackson, et al. 2003 ; Zestcott & Brown, 2015 ). The present study draws on contact ( Allport, 1954 ; Dovidio, Love, Schellhaas, & Hewstone, 2017 ; Pettigrew & Tropp, 2006 ), social identity ( Hogg, Abrams, & Brewer, 2017 ; Tajfel & Turner, 1986 ), and self

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Shannon S. C. Herrick and Lindsay R. Duncan

It is well documented that individuals with minority sexual orientations and minority gender identities [ie, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, etc (LGBTQ+)] experience discrimination, stigmatization, and marginalization on a variety of institutional and personal levels. 1 , 2 The

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Toben F. Nelson, Richard F. MacLehose, Cynthia Davey, Peter Rode and Marilyn S. Nanney

using self-reported PA measures suggest that white adolescents are more active than racial/ethnic minorities. 20 , 21 Other studies using accelerometers to objectively measure activity do not observe similar racial/ethnic disparities and find more activity among blacks compared with whites, at least

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Zachary McCarver, Shelby Anderson, Justine Vosloo and Sebastian Harenberg

held 39.8% of Division I head coaching jobs of women’s teams and 4.7% of coaching jobs of men’s teams. It is unclear, however, if the profession of SEP suffers from a similar underrepresentation of minorities. Discrimination is more likely to occur in workplaces lacking diversity (Equal Employment

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Akira Asada, Yong Jae Ko and Wonseok (Eric) Jang

( Mullen, 1991 ). This construct is conceptualized as dichotomous: minority or majority ( Simon & Brown, 1987 ). We selected relative size as a key factor because it determines the salience of the resident and fan categories when potential fans of a local team classify the team’s existing fans and

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Rebecca E. Hasson

activity levels among ethnic-minority youth are not maintained throughout adolescence and into adulthood ( USDHHS , 2008 ). African American and Latino adults report significantly lower levels of physical activity participation than White adults ( USDHHS , 2008 ). Hence, there is a critical need to

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Chia-Yuan Yu and Biyuan Wang

for walking to/from transit. 19 Although the low-income and minority populations were more likely to walk to/from transit to work in both 2009 and 2017, the weighted percentages of walking to/from transit to work have decreased from 2009 to 2017. These results have shown the potential equity issue